Determining the Optimal Motorization for Low-Cost Tractor

Yassine Zahidi (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Electricité et de Mécanique de Casablanca, Morocco); Mohamed El moufid (Foundation of Research Development and Innovation of Sciences and Engineering-Casablanca, Morocco); Siham Benhadou (ENSEM Casablanca, Morocco); Hicham Medromi (Université Hassan II Aïn Chock Casablanca, Morocco)

The objective of present work is to evaluate three modes of motorization in order to determine the optimal one from an economic and ecological point of view. we defined the tractive force required to propel the tractor and attached implements.the development of a model allowed to calculate hourly consumption in diesel for 12 implements.the expression of a hybrid architecture proposal with 25% electrification through an internal block diagram and calculates the cost of its hourly consumption and the quantity of CO2 by working with 12 implements. All obtained results allowed a comparative view of the three types of motorization. We found that the electric motorization will have a very high hourly consumption cost, with an almost unproductive quantity of CO2.the thermal engine can guarantee a low consumption cost, but with a significantly high quantity of CO2.the hybrid engine offers the favourable conditions in terms of consomption and CO2 emissions.

Journal: International Journal of Simulation- Systems, Science and Technology- IJSSST V21

Published: Feb 28, 2020

DOI: 10.5013/IJSSST.a.21.01.04