Analysis of Liquid Fuel from Plastic Waste Using Refinery Distillation Bubble Cap Plate Column with Integrated Thermal Cracking Method

Sri Rachmania Juliastuti and Ali Altway (Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia); Didi Susianto (AMIK DCC Bandar Lampung, Indonesia)

The objective of this paper is to analyze fuel oil component from thermal cracking pyrolysis with refinery of 4-tray distillation bubble cap plate column. We used a fixed bed type reactor from stainless steel, while the heating process of the electrical reactor reaches a maximum temperature of 750 ºC with a heating rate of 15.46 K/min. The process condition used in this research was 500 ºC to 650 ºC. The results of pyrolysis experiments showed that at 500 to 600 ºC and below, the main products of pyrolysis were oily liquids in trays I, II, III and IV or viscous liquids at temperatures above 620 ºC in trays I and II and oil fluids in trays III and IV. The obtained liquid fraction of 500-650 ºC was analyzed by composition using GC/MS, containing carbon chain C4-C26. FTIR identified fuel in the tray I, at a temperature of 500 and 580 ºC, tray II, at 620 ºC, tray III, at 600 ºC and tray IV, at 650 ºC with a dominant functional group composed of alkanes, alkyl aryl ether, primary alcohol, and phenol. The liquid fraction obtained in the case of this study is enriched with naphtha in the range of gasoline and kerosene.

Journal: International Journal of Simulation- Systems, Science and Technology- IJSSST V20

Published: Feb 27, 2019

DOI: 10.5013/IJSSST.a.20.01.34