Multi-Class ECG Beat Classification Based on a Gaussian Mixture Model of Karhunen-Loève Transform

Paolo Crippa (Marche Polytechnic University, Italy); Alessandro Curzi, Laura Falaschetti and Claudio Turchetti (Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy)

Cardiovascular diseases are one of the main causes of death around the world. Automatic classification of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals is of paramount importance in the unmanned detection of a wide range of heartbeat abnormalities. In this paper an effective multi-class beat classifier, based on a statistical identification of a minimum-complexity model, is presented. This methodology extracts from the ECG signal the multivariate relationships of its natural modes, by means of the separation property of the Karhunen-Loève transform (KLT). Then, it exploits an optimized expectation maximization (EM) algorithm to find the optimal parameters of a Gaussian mixture model, with the focus being in reducing the number of parameters. The resulting statistical model is thus based on the estimation of the multivariate probability density function (PDF) that characterizes each beat type. Based on the above statistical characterization a multi-class ECG classification was performed.

Journal: International Journal of Simulation- Systems, Science and Technology- IJSSST V16

Published: Feb 28, 2015

DOI: 10.5013/IJSSST.a.16.01.02