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# Program for 2016 I4CT-PHILOTIS-SOSHUM

Time 001 - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2 004 - ORKID ROOM 005 - MELATI ROOM

## Tuesday, April 19

08:00 am-10:30 am I4CT_DAY01_01: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 01 I4CT_DAY01_02: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 02 I4CT_DAY01_03: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 03 SOSHUM_DAY01_01: SOSHUM DAY ONE - SESSION 01 PHILOTIS_DAY01_01: PHILOTIS DAY ONE - SESSION 01
10:30 am-11:00 am Tea: Tea Break Day 1
11:00 am-11:20 am Opening: Opening Ceremony and Speech - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1
11:20 am-01:00 pm PHILOTIS_KEYNOTE: RELIGION AS A LOGICAL NESECCITY THROUGH ACQUAINTANCESHIP BASED ON AL-QURAN AND AL-HADITH I4CT_KEYNOTE_01: Frequency Selective Surfaces for Signal Suppression and Performance Enhancement in Microwave Absorbers SOSHUM_KEYNOTE: ONE ASEAN COMMUNITY: AN INTEGRATION TOO FAR?
12:10 pm-01:00 pm I4CT_KEYNOTE_02: TM Legacy Copper Cable Readiness for the Expansion of the High Speed Broadband in Malaysia
01:00 pm-02:00 pm LUNCH: LUNCH DAY ONE
02:00 pm-05:00 pm SOSHUM_DAY01_02: SOSHUM DAY ONE - SESSION 02 SOSHUM_DAY01_03: SOSHUM DAY ONE - SESSION 03 SOSHUM_DAY01_04: SOSHUM DAY ONE - SESSION 04 I4CT_DAY01_04: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 04 I4CT_DAY01_05: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 05
05:00 pm-05:30 pm Tea: Tea Break Day 1 5pm

## Wednesday, April 20

08:00 am-10:30 am I4CT_DAY02_01: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 01 I4CT_DAY02_02: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 02 I4CT_DAY02_03: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 03 I4CT_DAY02_04: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 04 I4CT_DAY02_05: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 05
10:30 am-11:00 am Tea: Tea Break Day 2
11:00 am-01:00 pm SOSHUM_DAY02_01: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 01 SOSHUM_DAY02_02: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 02 SOSHUM_DAY02_03: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 03 SOSHUM_DAY02_04: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 04 SOSHUM_DAY02_05: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 05
01:00 pm-02:00 pm LUNCH: LUNCH DAY TWO
02:00 pm-05:00 pm I4CT_DAY02_06: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 06 SOSHUM_DAY02_08: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 08 SOSHUM_DAY02_07: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 07 SOSHUM_DAY02_06: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 06 PHILOTIS_DAY02_01 : PHILOTIS DAY TWO - SESSION 01
05:00 pm-05:30 pm Tea: Tea Break Day 2 5pm

## Thursday, April 21

08:00 am-10:30 am   SOSHUM_DAY03_02: SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 02 SOSHUM_DAY03_03: SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 03   SOSHUM_DAY03_01: SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 01
10:30 am-11:00 am Tea: Tea Break Day 3
11:00 am-01:00 pm   I4CT_DAY03_02: I4CT DAY THREE- SESSION 02 I4CT_DAY03_03: I4CT DAY THREE- SESSION 03   I4CT_DAY03_01: I4CT DAY THREE- SESSION 01
01:00 pm-02:00 pm LUNCH: LUNCH DAY THREE
02:00 pm-05:00 pm   SOSHUM_DAY03_04: SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 04 SOSHUM_DAY03_05 : SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 05   I4CT_DAY03_04 : I4CT DAY THREE- SESSION 04

## Tuesday, April 19

### Tuesday, April 19, 08:00 - 10:30

#### I4CT_DAY01_01: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 01

Room: 001 - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1
Chairs: Nurul Hashimah Ahamed Hassain Malim (Univerisiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia), Syamsiah Mashohor (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
8:00 New Countermeasure Approach on XML Digital Signature Against Wrapping Attack
Khaled Giuma A. Sawesi, Madihah Mohd Saudi and Norhidayah Azman (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia)
XML signature wrapping attack poses a great threat to the integrity of web services. This is evident in the losses suffered by the Amazon Company in the past. This paper presents a new algorithm called the Spatial Information Approach (SIA). The paper forges the digital signature based on the principle of ratio signature which is adopted from a study in cancer detection. SIA creates a spatial map of the entire SOAP message where its performance is compared to SESoap, another current method that faithfully constructs a digital signature from the whole message. The experiment was conducted in a controlled lab environment by using open source tools in Linux Ubuntu environment. Based on the experiment conducted, SIA is superior to SESoap in terms of performance that shows improvement of the processing speed by approximately 4% - 14% for messages of size 50Kb to 750Kb.
8:15 Multiple Linear Regression Using Gradient Descent: A Case Study on Thailand Car Sales
Ponrudee Netisopakul (King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang & Faculty of Information Technology, Thailand); Chartchai Leenawong (King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Thailand)
Severe fluctuations in Thailand car sales had enormous impacts on the automobile and related industries. A reliable forecasting model is needed to accurately forecast the car sales for the next production batch. Using ten-year car sales data, this research proposes a machine learning approach using gradient descent (GD) to fitting multiple linear regression for Thailand car sales forecasts. The resulted forecasting accuracy is then compared with that of a normal equation method (NE) as well as that obtained from a statistical package (SP). First, two independent variables (2IVs): Thailand's Gross Domestic Product and the 12-month Loan Rate are used in the proposed models. Then, dummy seasonal variables (Season) are added to the regression equations. Finally, dummy event flag variables (Event) are added. Totally, five sets of experiments are conducted. The experiment results show that NE produces the same regression equations as SP. Both GD and NE methods yield exactly the same results for 2IVs, but GD yields slightly less prediction accuracy than NE's in Season and Event experiments. This research concludes that gradient descent has comparable forecasting accuracy to those from other methods. Nevertheless, when the regression contains dummy variables, caution is recommended.
8:30 Mouse Movement Behavioral Biometric for Static User Authentication
Nazirah Abd Hamid (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia); Siti Dhalila Mohd Satar (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin & Tembila Campus, Malaysia); Roslinda Muda, Mumtazimah Mohamad, Nurul Afnan Mahadi and Fatimah Ghazali (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia)
Authentication is a way to enable an individual to be uniquely identified usually based on passwords and personal identification number (PIN). The main problems of such authentication are they can be lost, forged, stolen or forgotten. Furthermore, physical biometric very much rely on special-purpose hardware devices to collect biometric data. In this paper, we investigate the performance of static authentication for a user by using mouse movements. This mouse movement behavioral biometric system contains three major modules namely data capture, feature extraction and classifier. This system is focusing on extracting the behavioral features related to the user and using these features for authentication measure. From the experiment that had been conducted which include ten participants, the percentage of the authenticate user is 44% and the 56% for the percentage of not authenticate user.
8:45 Scalability of Artificial Neural Network in Apache Spark Powered Cluster
QingWei Lim (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Nurul Hashimah Ahamed Hassain Malim (Univerisiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
Apache Spark has gained a lot of spotlight recently due to its high performance and seamless integration with Hadoop cluster. With the increasing computing ability based on scale-out approach using cluster, many computational tasks have been made possible. Among these tasks, Artificial Neural Network (ANN) with multiple hidden layers is one of the most active area due to its ability to learn complex model, which is one of the key requirement of artificial intelligence so that machines are able to make decision based on numerous factor combined in a complicated way. This study investigate feasibility of deployment of scalable ANN on cluster powered by Apache Spark Framework and to examine ANN's performance on Apache Spark cluster using MNIST dataset which is a popular dataset. This document answers the question using an experimental approach, prototype is developed for experimental purpose and results are recorded and analyzed. ANN does not scale well by simply increasing number of cores, the communication overhead outweighs the parallelism benefits easily and thus need to be designed carefully, increasing network bandwidth is one of the possible solution. ANN's performance does however scale linearly with respect to data size as expected. Number of neurons also affect ANN's performance in a linear manner. The in depth explanation in included in the rest of this document.
9:00 Polarity Classification on Online Customer Review Using Hybrid Approach
ChunKit Lai (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Nurul Hashimah Ahamed Hassain Malim (Univerisiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
Opinion mining for online review analysis been on highlight since it leverages information from online reviews for potential economic impact. Many company nowadays which regardless business or products selling enable customers to express their satisfaction level and feedback towards the services or products in their internet sites. In this research the focus is on classifying the polarity of user reviews towards certain products or services provided. This paper proposed a method of extracting features form three different bag of words (unigram) and fit into three machine learning algorithm SVM, Naïve Bayes and k Nearest Neighbors to build a polarity classification model. Data set for polarity classification in this paper is movie review data set found from Cornell professor Bo Pang's page. Meanwhile, one of the previous bag of word method used on product review from amazon.com also used on same movie review data set in this paper to explicitly compare the performance of two approaches. The overall result indicates proposed bag of word method in this paper perform better than previous bag of word approach which done on product review from amazon.com. Besides that, results obtained from our experiment also indicate that performance bag of word method which used on product review from amazon.com decrease when used on movie review data set in this paper.
9:15 Scalability Analysis of Fixed Versus Self-Adaptive Differential Evolution for Unconstrained Global Optimization
Jason Teo (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia)
This study conducts a scalability analysis of the popular evolutionary optimization algorithm known as Differential Evolution (DE) as implemented using a fixed parameter scheme versus four different self-adaptive parameter tuning schemes. This represents the first systematic and thorough investigation on how these different parameter tuning methods affects the performance of DE as the number of optimization dimensions increases. The very recent unconstrained global optimization CEC2015 set of benchmark test functions was used to conduct this investigation. The original DE representing a fixed parameter strategy is tested against four self-adaptive algorithms, namely the DESACR, DESACRF, SDE and jDE algorithms. The results show that different self-adaptive parameter tuning schemes have significantly different effects on the performance of DE as the number of optimization dimensions increases.
9:30 Detection of Android Botnet Based on Permission and API Calls
Madihah Mohd Saudi (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia); Hasan Al-Banna Hashim (USIM, Malaysia); Nurlida Basir (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia)
Android has dominated the smartphone market share with 82.8 % compared to other platform such as iOS, Windows, Blackberry OS and others in the world. This growth makes the android being most targeted by mobile malwares. There are many ways to infect users with malicious applications such as by uploading the infected apps at the third party store, repackaged application and drive-by-download. This paper presents the commonly and widely used of permissions and APIs by the mobile botnet to exploit the smartphones. Experiment has been conducted in a controlled lab environment and by doing static analysis and reverse engineered the apps of the apps source code. The identified permissions and APIs in this experiment are crucial prior forming the mobile botnet detection model.
9:45 Content-based Image Retrieval Using Color Models and Linear Discriminant Analysis
Mas Rina Mustaffa, Azreen Azman and Gawrieswari Kunesegeran (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
The past few years have seen a major development in Content-based Image Retrieval (CBIR) due to the needs by various fields in accessing visual data, particularly images. As a result, several techniques have been developed to allow image databases to be queried by their image content. Color Models is one of the promising color descriptors used to extract and index image features effectively. However, the conventional Color Models and its advancements are not able to accurately capture the global color information and derive high-level semantic concepts from low-level image features for better image understanding. A new method for CBIR has been introduced by integrating the Color Models with Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) where the proposed method not only able to provide better representation for low-level feature but also allow optimal linear transformation to be found which projects the color coefficients into a low-dimensional space. The Hue-Saturation-Value (HSV) is first extracted from an image followed by the implementation of the Co-occurrence Matrix on the extracted color pixels. LDA is then performed to classify the generated low-dimensional color features of an image and its respective semantic labelling according to classes. Retrieval experiments conducted on 1000 SIMPLIcity image database has demonstrated that the proposed method has achieved a significant improvement in effectiveness compared to the benchmark method.
10:00 Vid2U: Facilitating Students' Learning Through Video Annotation for Tablet Device
Mas Rina Mustaffa and Evi Indriasari Mansor (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
Electronic learning (e-learning) applications are widely used in the Higher-Education institutions to deliver and share learning contents among the students. However, most of the e-learning applications are developed for offline or online desktops. Mobile learning (m-learning) is introduced to allow learners to experience the learning opportunities via mobile devices such as handheld computers, MP3 players, notebooks, mobile phones, and tablets. Interactive video refers to a technique which allows users to have some interactions with the media instead of watching a static video. One of the many ways of making video having the interactive elements is through video annotation. Although the use of video annotation is quite common in learning, there are still needs for more efforts on designing annotation facilities for video management in mobile learning environment. Apart from that, the application of video annotation on mobile devices is also still in its infancy, especially for recent devices like iPad, Microsoft Surface, Samsung Galaxy Tab, and others. The objective of the proposed mobile learning application, Vid2U is to provide the flexibility of accessing and managing video materials at anywhere and anytime, making learning even more widely available. The Vid2U is equipped with many functions such as allowing students to view lecture videos and other video materials related to the course when absent from classes. Students can also add, edit, and delete their lecture notes based on the lecture videos. The mobile-based application also allows students to search video materials related to all courses taken by them. Experimental results obtained from surveys have shown that the Vid2U is able to provide better learning environment for the university learners, which lead to a deeper level of learning engagement.
10:15 Multi-resolution Joint Auto Correlograms for Content-based Image Retrieval
Mas Rina Mustaffa (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia); Fatimah Dato Ahmad (Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Malaysia); Shyamala C Doraisamy (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
The past few years have seen a major development in Content-based Image Retrieval (CBIR) due to the needs by various fields in accessing visual data, particularly images. As a result, several techniques have been developed to allow image databases to be queried by their image content. Colour Auto Correlogram (CAC) is one of the promising colour descriptors used to extract and index image features effectively. However, the conventional CAC and most of its advancements are only based on single image feature, not sensitive to scale, and computed in the spatial domain. A new method for CBIR has been introduced by allowing multiple local image features to represent an image rather than just colour and extracting them at different level of the image sub-bands to provide different physical structures of the image in the frequency domain. The Ridgelet transform is performed on the RGB colour space and the grey-scale version of the image to provide the multi-resolution levels. Colour feature is extracted from the Ridgelet coefficients of the RGB colour space while other image features such as gradient magnitude, rank, and texturedness are extracted from the Ridgelet coefficients of the grey-scale image. Each of these image features is quantised and the auto correlogram is then performed on the respective quantised image feature coefficients. Retrieval experiments conducted on 1000 SIMPLIcity image database has demonstrated that the proposed Multi-resolution Joint Auto Correlograms (MJAC) has achieved a significant improvement in effectiveness compared to the traditional CAC and several of its advancements.

#### I4CT_DAY01_02: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 02

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chairs: Gerino P Mappatao (De La Salle University, Philippines), Yee-Wai Sim (University College of Technology Sarawak, Malaysia)
8:00 Electronic Health Record System for Rural Community, Borneo Island
Yee-Wai Sim (University College of Technology Sarawak, Malaysia); WaiShiang Cheah (UNIMAS, Malaysia); Gary Loh Chee Wyai (University College of Technology Sarawak, Malaysia)
Electronic health record system is crucial to promote health awareness in the rural remote places in Sarawak. It is able to record and monitor the personal health of each community member without being their physically. However, into what extends the EHR technology is relevant and applicable to rural communities in Borneo, Sarawak. This paper reviews the current EHR technologies in related to constraints environment within rural areas of Borneo, Sarawak. Work had been done to introduce an electronic health record system, Sympulse, to rural community, Sarawak two years ago. Although the project is pending due to some financial difficulties, we argue that the current EHR technologies are still inadequate to work in constraints environment. In this paper, requirements of a constraint based EHR system are reported. This is followed by details analysis and comparison of the proposed EHR system with others state of the art EHR technologies. From the findings, some research challenge and directions are elaborated. It can be served as a guideline to design and develop a constraint based EHR system.
8:15 Limitations in Wavelet-Based Watermarked Image Evaluation
Taha Basheer Taha (University Malyasia Perlis, Malaysia); Ruzelita Ngadiran (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Phaklen Ehkan (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
Discrete wavelet transform (DWT) has been used by many researches to perform image watermarking. High coefficients of DWT in LL frequency band are tend to have high robustness but high distortion caused by watermark artifacts. However, hiding part or a small watermark in those bands is still possible. In this paper, an evaluation and analysis of two image metrics PSNR and SSIM performance is investigated on watermarked images that utilized low frequency coefficients to embed the watermark. Finally, a new metric entitled Mixed Quality Index (MQI) is proposed for watermarked images evaluation.
8:30 The Requirement Analysis of Bike Recommender (B-REC) Mobile Application Development
Mudiana Mokhsin (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Hamizan Abdul Halim (Telekom Malaysia Berhad, Malaysia); Azhar Abdul Aziz (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Saidatul Rahah Hamidi (Universiti Teknologi MARA & INTEC, Malaysia); Shuhaida Mohamed Shuhidan (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Shahfengie Mayadunne Aliff Rupasighe (UiTM, Malaysia)
Most of the people nowadays use motorcycle in daily life as transportation where it gives advantages in accomplishing day-to-day activities. According to Motorcycle and Scooter Assemblers and Distributors Association of Malaysia (MASAAM) statistic, the total number motorcycles sold in Malaysia had increased from year by year. However, different types of motorcycle have different specifications and it caused a problem to the user in searching type of motorcycle before buying it on manual system. This is because users take much time in finding suitable motorcycle and having difficulty in seeking motorcycle that is fulfilling their requirements. Therefore, this project is about the study of developing a motorcycles recommender application for Android platform. The objective is to identify requirement, design and develop bike recommender mobile application. Users can get recommendation of motorcycles by search type of motorcycles' specifications according to their preferences such as range of price, brand, displacement, engine type, body type and transmission. Users also can join a forum for discussion with other users. The method of survey used in getting the requirement is by interviewing an expert in motorcycles' information, who is the Sales Executive from Wee Bikers Sdn Bhd. The development tools used in developing the actual code is Aptana Studio 3, Notepad++, Xampp, PHPMyAdmin and Phonegap. The project development methodology is Mobile Application Development Life Cycle (MADLC) model due to its systematic development approach in developing mobile application. A future recommendation for B-REC Mobile Application is by creating an admin website for update motorcycles information and update forum categories.
8:45 Performance Comparison of Image and Workload Management of Edge Computing Using Different Virtualization Technologies
Mohammad Fairus Khalid (Mimos Berhad, Malaysia); Bukhary Ikhwan Ismail (Technology Park Malaysia & Mimos Berhad, Malaysia); Mohd Nizam Mohd Mydin (Mimos Berhad, Malaysia)
Edge computing concept is introduced to address concern on network bandwidth limitation and processing speed for interconnected devices. Virtualization is one of the key elements to this solution. Currently there exist different types of virtualization technology that cater for different type of workload and resource requirements. This paper investigated the performance comparison of Edge Computing operations using different virtualization technologies. The attributes of interest are the image size, CPU and memory resource utilization, guest machine boot time and density on the host machine. The knowledge will be used to provide optimal approach in employing different virtualization technology in Edge Computing.
9:00 New Open CNC Machine Motion Control System for ISO 14649 and ISO 6983
Kamran Latif (DRB-HICOM University of Automotive Malaysia (DHUAM), Malaysia); Yusri Yusof (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia); Qadir Bux Imran Latif (University of Nizwa, Oman); Siti Nur Sakinah Jamaludin and Wan Muhammad Zaki (DRB-HICOM University of Malaysia (DHUAM), Malaysia)
In the projection toward the development of next generation CNC system, the major problem of current International Standards Organization (ISO) data interface model (ISO 6983) limitations and commercial CNC unit vendor specifications dependency were found in the CNC machines and systems. Later on, an ISO standard known as Standard for The Exchange of Product Data (STEP) or ISO 10303 was introduced to provide remedy for the problems of current data interface model limitations in Computer Aided Design (CAD) / Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) systems. After that successful implementation, the standard further extended to implement the STEP features on the CNC, for that a new standard known as STEP-Numeric Control (NC) or ISO 14649 was introduced. This standard has the abilities to achieve the aims of modern CNC systems. However, for enabling these facilities into the CNC machine, the machines need to be independent from any of the vendor specifications. Open Architecture Control (OAC) technology provides a more open environment to the CNC machine. In the race towards the development of next generation CNC, the combination of the STEP-NC and OAC technology became the hot topic of the research. However, in this work both ISO data interface model interpretation, its verification and execution has been highlighted with the introduction of the new virtual component technology based techniques. The system was composed of ISO data interpretation, 3D simulation and machine motion control modules. The system was also tested experimentally and found to be very satisfactory.
9:15 An Adaptive Energy Allocation for HPC Systems Using a Cyber-Physical Approach
Masnida Hussin, Abdullah Muhammed and Raja Azlina Raja Mahmood (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
Comprehensive analysis of energy efficiency for high-performance computing (HPC) systems requires ability to monitor the proportion of resource utilization versus energy consumption. The systems consume massive amounts of electrical energy and have high cooling costs in running large number of system components. Normally, in distributed systems, energy management attempts to maximize computational performance under certain energy consumption constraints. The performance demand in the systems imposes a great burden on the scheduler or task manager. In order to improve the performance of the task manager, cyber-physical systems (CPS) approach is used to sustain an optimal level of energy consumption without degrading system performance. This paper presents an adaptive cooling system which dynamically adjusts air-conditioning temperature according to processing power in server room. Specifically, the room temperature and resource utilization are monitored regularly to ensure cost-effective energy consumption. Several processing states are collected to ensure the room temperature is balanced with the heat generated from the computational processing activity. Simulation experiments show that our CPS-based energy management approach achieves better energy consumption and resource utilization compared with other cooling models.
9:30 Impact of Facial Expressions and Posture Variations in Face Recognition Rate on Different Image Databases
Manop Phankokkruad and Phichaya Jaturawat (King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Thailand)
In this paper, the impact of face expression and posture variations in face recognition were studied by using three face recognition algorithms that are Eigenfaces, Fisherfaces, and LBPH in term of recognition accuracy in order to find the type of algorithms that works efficiently for face recognition in video. The experiment was conducted by using two different databases with three images amount levels in training set. DB-one is uncontrolled people in the images, and DB-two is controlled facial expressions and posture. The results show the face expression and posture variations have a lot of impacts to Eigenfaces and Fisherfaces and the LBPH got the impact less than the others. Concluded that the impact of face expression and postures are differently on each algorithm, and impacted to the recognition accuracy.
9:45 Secure and Scalable Group Rekeying for Mobile Multihop Relay Network
Adnan Shahid Khan (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); Johari Abdullah (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak & Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Malaysia); Kartinah Zen (UNIMAS, Malaysia); Seleviawati Tarmizi (Malaysia & Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia)
Although wireless broadband technologies have evolved significantly over the past decade yet still insufficient to support the fast growing mobile traffic due to the increasing popularity of mobile applications. Initial challenges were to enhance the coverage area and to provide lower backhaul deployment cost with high throughput, which was embark upon by integrating the relays to design mobile multihop relay (MMR) network. This transformation from single hop to multihop significantly influences the issues of scalability and security for mobile application at multihop network. Besides other services, MMR networks considerably effect the multicast services (pay per view TV broadcasting, video conferencing, stock option bidding) especially when the user join and leave the networks. Securing multicast services especially in terms of forward secrecy and backward secrecy become one of the critical challenges in mobile multihop networks. This paper proposed a novel rekeying mechanism to ensure forward and backward secrecy with the compliance of scalability in MMR networks. Extensive performance analyses using mathematical derivation and Rank theorem were carried out to evaluate and validate the secrecy and scalability issues.
10:00 Mitigation of Non-Transparent Rouge Relay Stations in Mobile Multihop Relay Networks
Adnan Shahid Khan (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); Halikul Lenando (University Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); Mohamad Nazim Jambli and Rajan Thangaveloo (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia)
Deployment of relays to enhance the coverage area and the throughput is the hot research topic in contemporary era. These relays may act as amplify or forward (transparent relays) or decode and forward (non-transparent relay). Unlike transparent relays, a non-transparent relay (N-RS) is an intelligent device, which can act as a base station for the multihop relays on behalf of multihop relay base stations (MR-BS). However, insertion of such intelligent N-RS demand modified and enhanced security measures, as adversaries may act as a rogue N-RS which may create a significant disruption with little effort to threaten the wide spread deployment. The rouge N-RS may inject the typical Mac layer attacks, i.e. denial of service attacks (DoS), replay attacks or man in the middle attacks (MiTM). Secondly, every participating multihop N-RS need to authenticate itself with MR-BS, which may enhance the authentication overhead on MR-BS. To address these challenges, this paper proposed a secure authentication protocol for distributed hop by hop authentication and localized re-authentication. The proposed authentication protocol utilized the modified version of envelop public key cryptography. Formal BAN logic method and the mathematical model are utilized to validate the authentication protocol and authentication overhead respectively. To the author knowledge, this is the first attempt to counter the rouge N-RS in MMR networks.
10:15 Evaluation of EWCDMCC Cloud Worm Detection Classification Based on Statistical Analysis
Madihah Mohd Saudi, Hasan Kanaker and Norhidayah Azman (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia)
Cloud computing is defined as a technology that consists of a large number of physical computers connected by using the Internet or it is a distributed computing technology over the network. A large resources, database, applications, services and software are an essential part of this technology. Cloud computing services could be interrupted by malicious codes attack. Worm is one of the most hazardous malicious codes that can damage the cloud services, applications or virtual network infrastructure. Worms attack is now more complex and intelligent and more difficult to be detected and prevented. This paper presents the relationships between features of worm cloud computing classification(EWCDMCC) by using statistical analysis. Prior forming the worm classification, the worm cloud architecture has been studied. As for the static analysis, symmetric measure and chi-square tests were conducted to find the relationship among the features of the proposed classification. The results from chi-square tests show how features are related to each other for initiating worm attacks in the cloud. Subsequently, symmetric measure quantifies the strength of the relationship.

#### I4CT_DAY01_03: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 03

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chairs: Ab Al-Hadi Ab Rahman (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia), Chang Fei Yee (UniMAP & Keysight Technologies, Malaysia)
8:00 Innovations in Data Engineering Subjects
Petra Poulova and Ivana Simonova (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
Reflecting the call for new knowledge and skills required from the graduates of the Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Kralove, the topic of databases was implemented in the curriculum. To ensure the quality of highly professional training programme, the faculty started cooperation with IBM in the summer semester 2015. The aim of the joint training programme BigData EduCloud is to provide students with practical professional skills and prepare them for new positions that have recently been created on the labour market. The paper introduces the innovative approach to reaching the competences and results of tracking the students´ performance in the process of instruction.
8:15 Enhancing High Speed Signal Integrity with Optimized Board Level Power Network Design
Chang Fei Yee (UniMAP & Keysight Technologies, Malaysia); Asral Bahari Jambek (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Azremi Abdullah Al-Hadi (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
This paper briefly introduces the elements of power distribution network (PDN) on printed circuit board (PCB) and the essential practices to enhance the board level power integrity in term of decoupling effect. Subsequently, the importance of minimizing PDN impedance and the mutual influence between power integrity and high speed signal integrity are discussed in detail. These aspects are studied by performing computation of post-layout impedance of a power rail that supplies voltage and current to the Double Data Rate 4 (DDR4) memory interface based on different decoupling conditions on PCB. The s-parameter models of the PDN and IBIS models of the DDR4 memory transceivers are then imported to Mentor Graphic Hyperlynx to perform co-simulation of power and signal integrity. The analysis results that showcase PDN impedance profiles, transient waveforms of DDR4 power rail and eye diagrams of data signal at memory receiver are presented and discussed in the later section of this paper.
8:30 A Review and Survey of Radio Resource Management Techniques in LTE-A Network: Challenges and Perspectives
Haitham Ben Abdelmula (University Malaysia Perlis & Engineering, Malaysia); Mohd Nazri Mohd Warip (UNIMAP, Malaysia); Badlishah R Ahmad (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia)
LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) is an important aspect of 4G mobile network standard in which comply with the IMT-Advanced requirements. It has ability to increase the transmission bandwidths up to 100MHz and it can transmit with peak data rates up to 1Gb/s and 500Mb/s, downlink and uplink respectively. There are many techniques which use to address the challenges that appear when designing and deploying the Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) network. The first classify of these techniques is the radio resource management (RRM) techniques which is designed for controlling the interference, radio resource utilization and QoS. Second classify, scheduling techniques aim to achieve the system performance by increasing the network spectral efficiency and fairness. Third classify, interference management techniques are used to eliminate and overcome the interference issues which affect on the system throughput. Fourth classify, mobility management techniques help the system with low service interruption probability. This paper focuses on the study of RRM schemes that help the users to get the efficient spectrum to satisfy their QoS requirements and improve the overall system performance in terms of complexity, interference mitigation, spectral efficiency and fairness. This paper also provides the taxonomy of RRM techniques based on femtocell along with the extends and the limitations of each technique.
8:45 Thulium-doped Fiber Amplifier At Near 2000 nm with Different Pumping Scheme
Nurhanis Mohd Sharif, Nelidya Md. Yusoff and Sheikh Ahmad Zaki Shaikh Salim (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Mohd Adzir Mahdi (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
We demonstrate two pumping scheme for thulium-doped fiber amplifier (TDFA) by using OptiSys v. 13 that is spanning from 1770 nm to 1970 nm; providing all the results represented in the figures. Higher gain is achieved in the single stage TDFA however high output power is achieved in the distributed pumping TDFA. The reduction of noise figure by almost 2 dB is of the concern during the simulation while the performance of the parameters tested differs with different pumping scheme. This simulation is of the pioneer determination to the real environment experiment.
9:00 Human Motion Ground Target Signal Processing of Forward-Scattering Radar (FSR) Network
Kama Azura Othman and Nur Emileen Abd Rashid (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
The importance of human surveillance and detection such that for border protection considering activities of human trespassing become need to be considered in detail. An efficient monitoring system in the area that is difficult to be accessed is required for safety of the people which can be done with the implementation of advanced technology such as radar sensor. This paper focused on the human motion signal processing by using forward-scattering radar (FSR) focusing on types of activity such as walking and running. Human targets with different types of movement were tested as they crossed the FSR baseline with operating frequency of 3GHz during the experimental procedure. Signal processing is conducted by using MATLAB in order to extract the information of the target and to analyze the character of the gathered information.
9:15 Dual-Band Bandpass Filter with Reduce Center Isolation Using Stub Loaded-Stepped Impedance Resonator
Zuhani Ismail Khan (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohd Khairul Mohd Salleh (Universiti Teknologi MARA & Applied Electromagnetic Research Group, Malaysia); Nur Emileen Abd Rashid and Norfishah Ab Wahab (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohd Syafiq Mohamad (UiTM, Malaysia)
This paper presents a design of dual-band bandpass filter with reduce center isolation between two passbands using stub loaded-stepped impedance resonator (SL-SIR) insertion for Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) application. This dual-band bandpass filter (DBBPF) topology was designed at 2.4 and 5.2 GHz and implemented on Taconic, TRF-45 substrate with characteristics of: εr = 4.5, h = 1.6 mm, tan δ = 0.0035. A stub insertion technique was proposed to enhance the center isolation between the two passbands. The simulation and the measurement results were compared to validate the design.
9:30 Development of an Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast Modem Using Dataflow Specifications
Ab Al-Hadi Ab Rahman, Mei Fang Liew and Ahmad Zuri Sha'ameri (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Ab Rahman Ahmad (King Abdulaziz University & Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, Saudi Arabia)
9:45 Microstructured Fiber for Optical Communications and Medical Applications
Feroza Begum and Juliana Zaini (Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam)
We propose a simple highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber for generating supercontinuum (SC) spectrum in telecommunication window. Based on the finite difference method, different properties of highly nonlinear photonic crystal fibers are calculated. It is demonstrated that the nonlinear coefficients more than 104 [Wkm]−1 at 1.0 μm, 71 [Wkm]−1 at 1.30 μm and 51 [Wkm]−1 at 1.55 μm with flattened chromatic dispersion and low confinement losses simultaneously. Moreover, it is shown that it is possible to generate wide SC spectrum using 1.0 ps input pulses to achieve longitudinal resolution of 1.5 μm and 1.1 μm at 1.06 μm and 1.31 μm center wavelengths, respectively.
10:00 Positioning Cache in Information-Centric Networking
Ibrahim Abdullahi (InterNetworks Research Laboratory, School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia & 06010 UUM Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia); Ahmad Suki Che Mohamed Arif (Universiti Utara Malaysia & InterNetWorks Research Lab, Malaysia); Mohd Hasbullah Omar (Universiti Utara Malaysia & InterNetWork Research Laboratory, Malaysia)
Information dissemination as the sole functionality driving the current Internet trends has been of keen interest for its manageability and semantic extension. Information-Centric Network (ICN) proposed as a new paradigm shift to mitigate the predicted traffic of the current Internet and other security challenges forecasted for the future Internet of Things adaptation. However, caching as an advantageous building block of ICN is faced with the challenges of excessive content placement, content replacement and eviction. The proposed practice of ICN caching progenerates the problems of content redundancy, path redundancy and excessive wastage of bandwidth. This study proposed a new intelligent scheme in content cache positioning to palliate the gross expenses incur in the ICN practice. The use of the current factors in previous studies in recency and frequency in content usage plays delicate roles in our study. A new approximated time and path exploration estimation yielded positive results through the outcome of our simulation. These thus, indicate significance in IoT implementation in the future.
10:15 Classification of Characters Using Multilayer Perceptron and Simplified Fuzzy ARTMAP Neural Networks
Mohd Wafi Nasrudin (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Naseer Sabri and Shahrul Yaakob (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Aimi Salihah Abdul Nasir (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Amir Nazren Abdul Rahim (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Badrul Mohamad (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & UniMAP, Malaysia)
There are various types of methods that can be used to recognize and classify the targeted object in the field of pattern recognition. Thus, this paper presents the classification of characters by combining the features based on Moment Invariant (MI) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The moment invariant is used to extract the feature image based on translation, scaling and rotation (RTS) independently in order to test the invariant properties. In this study, the type of moment invariant that has been used is Geometric Moment Invariant (GMI). This moment invariant will produce seven feature vectors which will later be used as the input features for the classification process. In addition, the current study has also utilized the potential of ANN in order to classify the image based on its category. Here, there are two types of ANN that are used to recognize the character image which are Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) and Simplified Fuzzy ARTMAP (SFAM) neural networks. To train the MLP network, the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is used in order to check the applicability. Based on the classification that has been computed, the results show that both networks have produced good classification performance with overall accuracy above 90%. However, the MLP trained by Levenberg-Marquardt (MLP_LM) shows the highest classification performance with 94.46% as compared to the SFAM network.

#### PHILOTIS_DAY01_01: PHILOTIS DAY ONE - SESSION 01

Room: 005 - MELATI ROOM
Chairs: Azizah Baharudin (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia), Ivana Simonova (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
8:00 On the Communicative Concept of Literary Education
Pavel Doulik and Jiri Skoda (Jan Evangelista Purkyne University, Usti nad Labem, Faculty of Education, Czech Republic); Ivana Simonova (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
The main objective of this article is to point out and analyze the theoretical and methodological background of the specific concept of instruction complying with distinctive communication relations between learners and works of art in literary education lessons. In single parts, approaches of Czech authors of didactic publications are introduced when seeking for ways how to ground the so called ´communication concept of literary education´ and what theoretical and philosophical sources were exploited for considering the reading and interpreting artistic texts in lessons. Not the systematic search for theoretical concepts is under our focus, but such inspirations and incentives were prioritized which provide impact on thinking about approaches to literary education. Therefore, the main part of the text is devoted to theories and methodology of the Constance school of reception aesthetics, to its background reflected in the Hanse-Georg Gadamer´s hermeneutics and to identical elements in pedagogy, particularly in the principles of so called constructivist instruction.
8:15 ReWudhuk: A Sustainable Device to Reuse Musta'mal Water for Ablution Purpose
Misbahul Muneer Abd Rahman (University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia); Masiri Kaamin and Mahmod Abd Hakim Mohamad (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
Ablution is an essential practice as a Muslim because it is a requirement to perform a prayer. A Muslim approximately utilizes 25 liters of water for five daily prayers. Islam categorized greywater produced from ablution as Musta'mal water. Recent studies show significant amount of greywater produced in some of the university's mosque in Malaysia. However, most of these studies proposed on reusing ablution water for plant irrigation and toilet flushing but few mentioned its use for ablution purpose. To address this issue, a recycling device is designed to filter and treat the Musta'mal water which subsequently is used back for ablution purpose. This approach promotes sustainable ablution practices and was based on Hadiths, Ijma' and Qiyas. Field tests were carried out in university's mosque via a small scale model to gather sufficient information prior to the construction of a full-scale recycling device, which is called ReWudhuk. Samplings of treated and untreated Musta'mal water are carried out in six different days. Laboratory tests were conducted to analyze their pH value, turbidity (NTU), color changes (TCU), total suspended solids (TSS), and amount of dissolved oxygen (DO). Experimental results indicated that Musta'mal water quality conform Malaysian Drinking Water Quality Standard (DWQS) requirements, and was comparably better than the typical water tap quality. A successful trial run results via the small scale device leads into the development of ReWudhuk. It was designed ergonomically based on PEI score, where it integrates ablution place and filtering systems into a compact device with dimensions of 90 cm height and 50 cm circumference. ReWudhuk was designed for retrofitting purpose since it was common for a mosque or musolla to have an ablution water tank. Conceptually, ReWudhuk is feasible to be produced not only from Islamic perspective, but also from the engineering aspect.
8:30 A Historiography of the Mosque: Reconciling A Renaissance of Spirituality and Material Form in Islamic Architecture
Norwina MohdNawawi, Puteri Shireen Jahn Kassim and Sufian Hamat (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
The simplicity and austerity of the first Masjid or Mosque in Islam contrasted with the wide array, diversity and occasional grandeur of Mosque forms. A review of the historiography of the Mosque often generates a stereotype view of the 'archetypical' form of domes and arches. What is missing is a discourse as to what constitutes a more spiritually-linked framework linking Islam to the formative ideas and eventual compositions of Mosques in the modern world. The present diversity of the Islamic world including cultures in the Far East and the Western world necessitates a rethinking of what fundamentally constitutes the spiritual basis of space in Masjid. A historical and critical view of the Mosque as a global type-form should be reviewed rather than the persistent hold of its Arab-Islamic origins in driving the notion of archetypes in Mosque design. The history of Mosque was contrived from the Oriental perspectives and historical writings of the Islamic civilisation on architecture. As part and parcel of the reconciliation of the fundamentals of Islam in the field of architecture, this discourse aims to uncover common principles that can embrace the increasing diversity and dialectic of the ummah. The discourse attempts a re-look into how the spiritual ethos of Islam can be brought into a formal discourse of Mosque architecture. It is hoped that if such forms can be read as the physical materialisation of inherent values of Islam, then it can account for the historical and formal evolution of Mosque architecture throughout the world. In this sense, more fundamental principles can embrace its diversity and tolerance that has been its hallmark of Islam since its expansion outside the Arabian Peninsula. The study reviewed selected Mosques of the globe including the Mosques from the Malay Archipelago region or the Nusantara. The study hopes to reflect certain intentions and predisposition that linked ultimately to spirituality, identity and a certain monumentality needed in reading the multiple variations of the universal type-form Mosque, s the house of Allah.
8:45 Transformation of Waqf Implementation At Malaysian Public Universities
Abd Rahman Ahmad, Ng Kim-Soon and Azizah Baharudin (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
In Malaysia, Waqf started from traditional endowments, including land, buildings, schools, mosques and consists of fixed assets. However, the development of the endowment has grown along with the development of the country in which the changes in waqf activities that are more focused on cash waqf are more effectively. The type of waqf includes the waqf property and cash waqf. The cash waqf is divided into two such as Waqf Shares Model and Corporate Cash Waqf Model. Today, the implementation of waqf model is rapidly growing at the higher education institutions. Study reveals that the higher education institution are now committed towards the implementation of waqf activities at their institutions. Keywords: Funding, Endowment, Waqf, Public Universities.
9:00 Conventional Bonds Versus Sukuk: A Correlation Analysis for Long-term Issuances
Noriza Mohd Saad (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia)
The purpose of this study is to check and analyse the correlation estimations among variables used before it can proceed to regression approach. This investigation process utilize two statistical tests that is pair-wise correlations and Variance Inflation Factor (VIF) which is important to be tested for any possible multicollinearity problem exists among selected variables. The selected variables consist of issue characteristics for long-term conventional bonds (LTCB) and long-term sukuk (LTS), issuer characteristics as well as systematic risk. Data are obtained from company issuer's annual report, Bondinfo Hub of Malaysia Central Bank and Bloomberg from year 2000 to 2014 for 256 tranches of long-term issuances. The results shows that correlation analysis indicates no multicolinearity problem since the pair-wise correlation coefficients test and mean value of VIF coefficients reports no multicollinearity exists among variables whereby the selected variables are best suit to deal with regression tests.
9:15 Education and Philosophy: Document Evidence of Information Literacy and National Education System
Saidatul Ismail (Universiti Teknologi MARA & Shah Alam, Malaysia)
Information Literacy (IL) is recognized within our Malaysian education system. However, a few research pointed out several factors that could be responsible for impeding the IL education developments, including lack of curriculum resources and framework, lack of leadership, and lack of necessary skills and understanding to implement IL among the principals and teacher librarians, in particular, and the school communities as a whole. It seems that the development and progress of IL implementation into the education system has been gradual. One of the factors found appears to be associated with the culture and values of the education system. In this paper, the similarities and differences of IL education and education system are observed in order to comprehend the extent to which both are conceptually and practically compatible. The main aim of this comparison is to describe and understand the past events or fundamental background of both education approaches which begin with reviewing the discussion on the purpose of the research, the origin and philosophy of the two systems, followed by their aims, pedagogy and contents as well as the factors affecting the IL implementation.
9:30 The Role of Similar Belief and Religion Practices in the Adjustment of International Students
Nur Sofurah Mohd Faiz, Halizah Awang, Maziana Mohamed and Muhammad Suhaimi Sulong (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
The experiences of international students often being discussed in adjustment challenges that they encountered while studying abroad. Such challenges were learning, living, and communication issues. In contrast, this paper highlights a pertinent findings of a study that highlights the role of religion on the adjustment processes of international students in a Malaysian university. This qualitative single case study research was conducted on 11 international students, and were interviewed on how having similar religion affected their adjustment process in the learning experiences. Findings illustrated that despite the challenges that fragmented the process of learning and teaching, having similar belief and religion practices have shown significant reconciliatory role in the process of adjustment these international students. All of the students shared common belief and religious practices with the majority of the institutional community. This natural environment supported the students' adjustment to freely practice their religion obligatory and practices, and thus offered the students to focus their adjustment specifically on their academic issues.
9:45 Medical Perspectives of the Descriptions of the Date Palm in the Quran
There are many references to the date palm in Judeo-Christian scripture and also in the Islamic holy book, the Quran. The date palm is prominently featured in the description of Maryam's (also known as the virgin Mary) travails during her childbirth. By reviewing some of the verses mentioning the date palm in the Quran and relating them with current scientific findings, this paper explores the potential beneficial properties of the date palm to human health. Although relatively few scientific studies have been done on the date palm, many very promising beneficial properties are shown and further work should be done to highlight the benefits of this important plant.
10:00 Malay Medicinal Practices and Prophetic Foods for Treating the Four Types of Illnesses Most Commonly Found in the Bottom Billion Population of the World: A Systematic Review of Malay Manuscripts Found in Malaysia
Introduction Malay traditional medicine has been said to be cross-pollinated with Islamic traditional wisdom originating from the Middle East, including using ingredients mentioned by the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) referred to as prophetic foods. A systematic review of Malay manuscripts was conducted to delineate traditional medicinal practices for four common illnesses found in the 'bottom billion' of the world's population namely worm infestation, gastroenteritis, fatigue and anaemia. Methods A search strategy was developed to scan established catalogues of Malay manuscripts. The physical manuscripts were then systematically handsearched for relevant treatments for the above illnesses. The relevant prescriptions were captured, transliterated and translated for analysis. Results Traditional medicinal prescriptions were obtained from 80 Malay manuscripts and commonly used ingredients were nutmeg, black seed, garlic and others. Few treatments used prophetic food ingredients such as date palm and goat's milk. Conclusion Malay traditional medicines draw mainly on local wisdom and ingredients, with enrichment from Islamic medicinal practices.
10:15 Islam Nusantara Discourse in New Media
Dini Safitri (UNJ, Indonesia); Sasa Djuarsa and Ibnu Hamad (Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia)
Islam Nusantara discourse, became a trending topic in new media, after the opening speech by President Joko Widodo in the national congress NU scholars, before NU congress to 33. Before the Congress, NU make a lot of rhetoric on Islam Nusantara. Unfortunately, the Islam Nusantara rhetoric, not be interpreted positively by other Islamic organizations. HTI is one of the Islamic organizations who reject the rhetoric of Islam Nusantara. The research methods are rhetorical situation, and Toulmin model of argument. The results showed that the differences in perspectives, generate differences in speech acts, and the way of rhetoric in new media.

#### SOSHUM_DAY01_01: SOSHUM DAY ONE - SESSION 01

Room: 004 - ORKID ROOM
Chairs: Halil Paino (Universiti Teknologi MARA & Accounting Research Institute, Malaysia), Rostam Bin Yaman (Chulalongkorn University & UiTM & Malaysian Institute of Interior Designers, Malaysia)
8:00 Creating Brand Evangelists Through Service Recovery Strategies: Evidence From the Restaurant Industry
Muhammad Hafiz Abd Rashid (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Rahayu Hasanordin (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia); Fauziah Sheikh Ahmad (University Technology Malaysia, Malaysia)
The present study examines the relationship between service recovery and brand evangelism. Service recovery is represented by three dimensions namely distributive justice, procedural justice, and interactional justice. These three dimensions of service recovery were derived from the integration of justice theory, social exchange theory, and equity theory. Purposive sampling technique was employed for data collection and a total of 338 questionnaires were usable for data analysis using Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS) software. The results demonstrate that distributive justice and interactional justice were positively related to brand evangelism. However, the relationship between procedural justice and brand evangelism was not significant. Further discussion on the findings and suggestions for future studies are also offered in this paper.
8:15 Mediating Role of Innovation in the Relationship Between Knowledge Management Practices and Small Medium Enterprise Performance: A Conceptual Paper
Ramita Abdul Rahim (Razak School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Maslin Masrom (UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Nik Hasnaa Nik Mahmood (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Malaysia is now moving towards becoming a developed nation, targeting on high income nation by 2020. In order to execute this intention, Malaysia need to develop and strengthen the economic growth. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are acknowledged have a significant role in Malaysian economic growth and expected to contribute 41% of GDP by 2020. However, there are a few factors hinder SMEs to maximize their growth and it has been reported that SMEs contributions to the country's economy are still comparatively low compared with the contributions of SMEs in many developed and developing countries. Innovation is one of the important factor to remain competitive in this globalization world. Therefore, SMEs need to focus on innovation activities to increase contribution and remain competitive. Knowledge management is one of the most effective strategies that may help to stimulates innovations and enable innovation activities into the business. Hence, the main aim of this study is to investigate the role of innovation in the relationship between knowledge management practices and SMEs Performance. This study proposed to investigate innovation activities at SMEs manufacturing sector focusing in food and beverages industry. Specifically, innovation types that will be focused in this study are product, process and management innovation. The result hopefully will become an empirical evidence that confirmed innovation is crucial to increase SMEs competitive ability and increase organizational performance. In addition, the result also expectantly prove knowledge management practices have an impact on innovation. Lastly, this study will help Malaysian Government to strategies the policy to overcome difficulties and more importantly in ensuring the sustainability and competitiveness of Malaysian SMEs.
8:30 Auditor-Client Relationship: Perceived Expectation and Issues
Halil Paino (Universiti Teknologi MARA & Accounting Research Institute, Malaysia)
We report on a survey of auditor-client relationship problems in developed audit market in Malaysia. The study investigates client perspectives and views on important auditing process issues, valued added audit activities for client organisations and auditor rotation. Clients viewed high fees, excessive audit time requirements, difficulty in meeting auditor's requests and audit personnel difficulties in understanding the business due to a lack of adequate audit professionals' experience as problems. From the audit perspective, the study explores audit client acceptance factors, independence issues and common problems encountered with the clients.
8:45 Overcoming the Shortfall of Resources for the Growth of Malaysian University Start-up Companies
Norazlina Mohd Yasin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia); Farzana Quoquab (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Suzilawati Kamarudin and Jihad Mohammad (IBS-UTM, Malaysia)
Increasingly, university spin-off companies are experiencing superior performance however the overwhelming growth is depending on the adequate resources provided by the firm. Many firms failed to sustain in long term due to their resistance to create competitiveness within limited resources. This article explores the coordination of resources in determining the growth of the firm. Analysis from Resource Based View informs the development of the model to overcome the shortfall of the resources. The purpose of this paper is to validate instrument in measuring the relationship between transnational social capital, knowledge management capabilities and business model design on the growth of the students 'start-up companies in Malaysia. Following the validation process, content and face validity, reliability and the data normality were examined based on expert assessment using the IBM Statistic SPSS software version 20.0. The findings drawn from 50 respondents indicate that the scales are reliable and the data for this study indicated evidence of rational normality.
9:00 Academic Writing in Science: Iraqi EFL Postgraduates' Difficulties in Writing Abstracts of Theses and Dissertations in Physical Disciplines
Mayyada Mahdi Ra'uf (Universiti Sains Malaysia & University of Al-Qadisiya, Malaysia); Thomas Chow Voon Foo (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
9:15 Chinese Concept of "Governing the Country According to Law" and Its Soviet Predecessor
Vadim Sonin (Far Eastern Federal University, Russia)
Maintaining stability of the constitutional order often requires political and legal reforms. In China, due to some historical and ideological reasons legal reform under the formula "Governing the Country According to Law" became an alternative to political reform. Maintaining the leadership of the China's Communist Party is a significant part in this concept. The problem of the role of ruling party in one-party "rule of law" system is so specific that the CCP has only one predecessor in the way - the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In Chinese journals, the Soviet experience of building a "socialist rule of law state" practically was not analyzed. Nevertheless, the Soviet experience was studied during the preparation of the Chinese concept. Communist Party of Soviet Union took the idea of "socialistic rule of law state" in the middle of 1988. Soviet approach to solving the problem of the ruling party's role in the "socialistic rule of law state" requires subordination of all party organizations and officials to law. The Chinese concept also requires compliance with the law from all levels of party organizations and their officials, prescribes to mediate the CCP power by the form of legal acts of government, taken in due process. Ritual repetition of the thesis about party's leading role was determined by official Chinese view on the loss of control over situation in the country by Soviet Communist Party as the main reason for the collapse of the Soviet Union. CCP is intended to ensure new Chinese initiative from the fate of the Soviet prototype. However, by treating the party leadership as the core concept of value CCP put itself in a vulnerable position if the reform will fail. Frustrated public may convert the Party from the central propulsor of "Governing the Country According to Law" to the main obstacle in its implementation (as has already happened in the Soviet Union). From the standpoint of the classical concepts of rule of law, putting the ruling party not only above law but also above the state promises obstacles in realization of such classical principles as equality before the law.
9:30 Developing a Framework for Streetscape Design to Promote Walkability in Malaysian Campus
Nor Zalina Harun, Amanina Nashar and Amanina Nashar (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
Campus physical environment plays a significant role in shaping the life of its community, particularly among students. A good campus is the one that supports the student's social needs, health and wellbeing through proper campus planning and design. Campus planning and design include open spaces, landscape as well as other facilities such as the streetscape. This study content that good streetscape design in a campus is essential to facilitate student mobility and to support student's social, health and wellbeing. Lack of concern for pedestrian needs and streetscape design that is not responding to the tropical climate seems to be the issue that requires the fullest attention in promoting walkability amongst students. This paper aims to overcome this shortcoming by developing a framework that can be applied to appraise streetscape design in a campus for walkability enhancement. An initial framework is developed using theoretical basis and is subsequently refined through a preliminary survey conducted in IIUM Gombak Campus. The study adopts a mixed method to select the most relevant factors, identified through document analysis and preliminary questionnaire survey while quantitative analysis is conducted to ascertain the ratings of the selected factors. Both approaches have yielded four walkability factors of comfort, connectivity, safety, and accessibility. 32 most relevant criteria are identified to enhance walkability among pedestrian around the campus. The framework, together with the identified factors and criteria, provides a valuable reference for campus development division to formulate design guidelines and implementation for the new streetscape design or upgrading purposes.
9:45 Post Occupancy Evaluation for Sustainable Neighborhood Development
Rostam Bin Yaman (Chulalongkorn University & UiTM & Malaysian Institute of Interior Designers, Malaysia); Suwattana Thadaniti and Kallaya Suntornvongsagul (Chulalongkorn University, Thailand); Hamimah Adnan (Universiti of Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Noraini Ahmad (International Islamic University Malaysia)
This paper present the preliminary study of post occupancy evaluation (POE) model on neighborhood assessment criteria towards sustainable urban development. The aim of the study is to developed a POE model based on sustainable pillar dimensions. The objective is to identify and formulate POE model towards sustainable neighborhood development and to implement the model in assessing & evaluate GBI certified neighborhood towards sustainable urban development for Malaysia. The consensus-based approached is used in this study in order to gather experts' opinion regarding the proposed POE model for sustainable neighborhood development for the certified GBI neighborhood project. The significant contribution of the research is the POE model for future sustainable neighborhood development for Malaysia and similar development phenomenon in the region of ASEAN nations and country throughout the world.
10:00 A Review of Existing Dengue Prevention Measures Implemented in the Malaysian Construction Projects
Shairah Basar, Zulhabri Ismail and Nasyairi Mat Nasir (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
Dengue is a highly prevalent and globally neglected tropical disease. Dengue is caused by infectious viruses such as DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4. The main vector for dengue diseases is from Aedes aegypti. As dengue is a systemic viral infection transmitted between humans by Aedes mosquitoes it is considered to be a life-threatening illness. Countless efforts had been done in order to reduce the number of dengue cases in Malaysia. However, the number of dengue cases kept on increasing throughout the year and had not stopped its rapid emergence and global spreads. Construction projects have been identified as the major contributor to high number of dengue cases since construction projects have a high potential of breeding Aedes mosquitoes. This paper reviewed the existing dengue prevention measures that had been implemented in the Malaysian construction projects.
10:15 Factors Influencing Supplier Selection Process Among Muslim Food Operators: A Qualitative Study
Roslina Ali (Lecturer, Malaysia); Mohd Aidil Riduan Awang Kader (Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Malaysia); Nor Khairunnisa Mat Yunus (Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM) Pahang, Malaysia); Suhana Mohezar and Mohammad Nazri Mohd Nor (University of Malaya, Malaysia)
As more food are traded across boundaries through business activities, people should indeed be concerned of what they consume daily. The demand of halal products has shown increases throughout the years from Muslim countries as well as in non-Muslim countries. Consumer expectations are also increasing with the growing knowledge of food safety and quality issues. In view of that, the purpose of this paper is to examine the factors that influence Muslim food operators in selecting their suppliers. In order to achieve this objective, interviews were conducted with managers and business owners involved in food supply chains. Based on the study, it was found that the religiosity, supplier competencies, traceability, trust and culture influence how Muslim food operators select their suppliers. This qualitative research provides some basic understanding on supplier selection practice in the halal food supply chain.

### Tuesday, April 19, 11:00 - 11:20

#### Opening: Opening Ceremony and Speech - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1

Chair: Shakir Saat (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia)

### Tuesday, April 19, 11:20 - 12:10

#### I4CT_KEYNOTE_01: Frequency Selective Surfaces for Signal Suppression and Performance Enhancement in Microwave Absorbers

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fauziahanim binti Che Seman
Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chair: Abd Majid Darsono (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia)

The growing popularity of smart phones and other mobile gadgets causes the cellular networks coverage to be provided almost everywhere. However, in certain areas, these cellular signals might not be able to tolerate with the security system, such as in airports and hospitals. Due to this, there is a need of cellular signal suppression to provide area isolation. There are various techniques that can be used to attenuate the cellular signals including the employment of the mobile phone jammer [2]. Nonetheless, this technique is not environmental friendly and less efficient resource. Therefore, the deployment of frequency selective surfaces (FSS) is one of the potential alternatives. In the indoor environment, FSS patch type can be realized by transforming the wall into a frequency-selective wall, thus, modifying the electromagnetic architecture of the buildings. Therefore an electromagnetic quiet room that has the ability to permit and block certain frequency range can be realised. The FSS can also be integrated in the design of microwave absorber. By careful design, a low profile microwave absorber which is important in most of mobile systems can be designed with improved absorption efficiency and operating bandwidth.

### Tuesday, April 19, 11:20 - 13:00

#### PHILOTIS_KEYNOTE: RELIGION AS A LOGICAL NESECCITY THROUGH ACQUAINTANCESHIP BASED ON AL-QURAN AND AL-HADITH

Ustaz Dr. Fadlan bin Mohd Othman
Room: 001 - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1
Chair: Shakir Saat (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia)

Religion is the most important neseccity in human life. God has put the feelings of being religious in every human heart. Believing in God is the main pillar when it comes to religion. Strengthening the spiritual aspects is fundamental in religion and often accepted by most people. Although people find themselves busy in managing the necessities of their life, they couldn't resist the call from within themselves to search for a religion that covers the spiritual needs of their souls. Therefore, it is such an important matter for scholars and preachers to meet the spiritual angle of mankind. Preachers who convey religious messages, will surely be questioned by their audience. From one point of view, this shows that religious knowledge is still poor in general. However, from another point of view, this shows that people are keen to find logical explanation regarding religion. This is certainly a challenge for a preacher. A strong logical argument will result in a person to accept a religion. It is a big responsibility. Therefore a Muslim scholar or a preacher must equipped themselves with the right knowledge based on Al-Quran and Al-Hadith according to the understanding of Sahabah -may Allah have mercy on them- and convey it to the people. It is well known that many types of religion existed throughout the history of mankind. Each religion has its own beliefs and guidelines. Similar to this is the nation and ethnic diversity. Thus, the concept of Ta'aruf(acquaintanceship) should be implemented in Oriental studies, as well as Occidental studies. This concept will ensure the welfare of human beings while maintaining their identities. Both Oriental and Occidental studies should be carried out with the concept of Ta'aruf (acquaintanceship) that uphold God consciousness amongst mankind.

#### SOSHUM_KEYNOTE: ONE ASEAN COMMUNITY: AN INTEGRATION TOO FAR?

Dr. Mohd Hazmi Mohd Rusli
Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chair: Mohamad Harris Misran (Universiti Tenikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia)

Ever since its inception in 1967, the Association of Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN) has made steady progress towards fostering a better co-operation between its 10 member States. If ASEAN is regarded as one entity, it would rank as the eighth largest economy in the world. As such, the importance of ASEAN as an economic powerhouse is obviously indisputable. 2015 is the year where ASEAN member-States are anticipating to successfully create an ASEAN Community through ASEAN integration. It is not too simplistic to state that while ASEAN has moved towards integration, there is still a long way to go. The principle of non-interference practiced by ASEAN State-members is a manifestation that ASEAN Integration may not be entirely possible. For example, the decades of influx of the so-called stateless Rohingyas from Myanmar into its neighbouring countries of Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia that lately came into limelight displayed that ASEAN is far from integration. ASEAN has yet to be effective, as an international organisation to overcome the plight of the Rohingyas. Moreover, the uneven status of economic development of ASEAN member-States makes it even more intricate for integration - unlike the European Union (EU) where its members are rich first world economies, ASEAN is in no way similar. This article therefore assesses whether or not ASEAN integration is possible and discusses the difficulties and challenges that ASEAN would have to overcome in order to achieve the objective of creating a vision of an ASEAN community. Until and unless the governments within ASEAN continue working together closely, it will be years ahead before ASEAN integration could actually be made possible.

### Tuesday, April 19, 12:10 - 13:00

#### I4CT_KEYNOTE_02: TM Legacy Copper Cable Readiness for the Expansion of the High Speed Broadband in Malaysia

Mrs Nabihah bt. Hashim
Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chair: Abd Majid Darsono (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia)

Since the commencement of High Speed Broadband (HSBB) in March 2010, it has rapidly expanded throughout Malaysia and demonstrates a positive growth in the number of subscription. One of the key technologies which deliver HSBB to the customer premises in this country is the Digital Subscriber Lines (xDSL) technologies which utilize Telekom Malaysia's (TM) legacy twisted pair copper cables as the medium of transmission. Even though the optical access network inherently has higher transmission capacity, upgrading the access network entirely to fiber remains costly and requires a lot of effort on man power and infrastructure which comes to the use of the existing copper cable. Hence, a research in TM's twisted pair copper cable and its readiness for the HSBB implementation is of the uppermost priority. One the challenges of HSBB deployment is the existing of impairments in copper lines such as bridge tap especially at customer's premises or cable imbalance. The speed performance was found significantly drop or become unstable lines due to these impairments. Thus, characteristic and behaviour of the impairments in copper cable have been studied in order to ensure the readiness of HSBB penetration in Malaysia. The successful of HSBB phase 1 consequently inspired TM to carry out the implementation of the High Speed Broadband Initiative 2 (HSBB2) and Sub-Urban Broadband Initiative (SUBB) throughout the country.

Keywords : HSBB, x-DSL, copper cable, impairments

### Tuesday, April 19, 14:00 - 17:00

#### I4CT_DAY01_04: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 04

Room: 004 - ORKID ROOM
Chairs: Abdulrahman Alshanoon (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia), Prabhuraj Shanmugham (Naresuan University, Thailand)
2:00 Gripping an Object Based on Inspection of Slip Events for a Robotic Hand Model
Abdulrahman Alshanoon and Siti Anom Ahmad (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
An effective grasping operation is required in intelligent robotic hands to address the well-known challenge that occurs during the gripping process. One of the most important issues is detecting and addressing the slip situation; otherwise, stable grasps will not be achieved properly. This study investigated robotic re-gripping operations based on slip event indication. Tactile pressure sensors are utilized to discover the physical interaction between robotic claws and a particular object during the gripping operation. Slip signal detection is executed by implementing a rotary encoder device that was provided in a robotic hand model. The robotic system has attempted to accomplish the re-gripping mission autonomously. Therefore, an automatic feedback control algorithm is developed to perform re-gripping tasks based on the distance at which an object has slipped. Experimental findings present the correlation between the required forces for an object to re-grip securely and the distance at which an object has slipped. This approach was demonstrated as Hooke's law.
2:15 Tuning Fractional-order Controller Based on Difference Normalize Method on Steam Distillation Plant
Mohd Hezri Marzaki (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mazidah Tajjudin (UiTM, Malaysia); Mohd Hafiz Abd Jalil Zainuddin (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Ramli Adnan (UiTM, Malaysia); Mohd Hezri Fazalul Rahiman (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
The aim of this study to evaluate the fractional order controller with difference normalize method for controlling steam temperature in steam distillation plant. There are two types of normalize method used in this study namely F-Tuning 1 and F-Tuning 2. Both normalize methods are evaluated under two types of environments which is simulation (ideal) and real-time (hardware realization). The performance of controller are evaluated on plant transient response such as rise time, settling time and percentage overshoot. The results indicate that F-Tuning 1 has better control performance compared to F-Tuning 2 in both simulation and real time application.
2:30 Health Estimation of Servo Actuator Using Linearized Predictive Time Domain Method to Check Developing Fault for Small UAV
Zulhilmy Sahwee (UniKL MIAT & Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology, Malaysia); Nazaruddin Abd. Rahman and Khairul Salleh Mohamed Sahari (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Aina Suriani Mahmood (UniKL MIAT & Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology, Malaysia)
Degrading performance of actuators in small UAV is often left unnoticed because it is masked by autopilot control. Faulty actuator will only be detected when the actuator has been severely damaged. If it occurs during flight, the UAV will be lost, same goes with the valuable data on the board. Usually, pre-flight check is performed before each flight to ensure the overall condition of the UAV including the actuators. The Actuator health deterioration is difficult to be recognized by the visual inspection. This paper presents a method to detect the health of the actuator through integration of Built-in Test System, BITE, using offline model estimation method. Least square regression estimation was performed on healthy actuator for training data using fixed and increasing input signal. The Fault is then simulated to test the training data accuracy in detecting actuator fault. The Analysis is performed to show the advantage and disadvantage of each techniques used. The estimation technique described was able to detect faulty actuator which could then be integrated with on-board health detection system in order to increase the reliability of the UAV.
2:45 Modelling and Simulation of Dual Active Bridge DC-DC Converters for Fuel Cell Applications
Prabhuraj Shanmugham and Sakda Somkun (Naresuan University, Thailand)
The dynamic nature of fuel cells is such that the sudden and extreme changes in load reduces the life span of the fuel cells. The power conditioning circuits which are eventually used in fuel cell systems should carefully be designed to extend the life of fuel cells. This paper presents the small signal average modelling of a dual active bridge DC-DC converter and a controller design of the system for stable operation. MATLAB/Simulink is used for the simulation of the model. The extended symmetrical optimum method is used for design of the proportional-integral controller for the output voltage with a guaranteed minimum phase margin for the systems with a variable process gain in addition to other accepted desired performances. This method ensures the maximum phase margin at a minimum required value at the desired gain crossover frequency with a compromise between system's peak overshoot, rise time and settling time. This paper helps in designing a dual active bridge DC-DC converters suitable for healthy fuel cell power generation systems as a part of a renewable power systems.
3:00 Three Fingered Gripper Grasping Analysis of Different Objects Using FLC
Nor Anis Aneza Lokman (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Hamzah Ahmad (University Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Mohd Razali Daud (UMP, Malaysia)
Three finger gripper movement analysis governs by fuzzy logic control and feedback control is the theme for this research. The research aims to analyze the performance of a three finger gripper in attempting to grasp different types of objects. The analysis is enhanced with a feedback loop for the gripper system to grasp objects at different positions in their own coordinates. The sizes and angles for objects are predefined to avoid damage to the objects during grasping and are considered as inputs for the proposed system. The system output are the angles and torques values. To do this, Matlab SimMechanics and Simulink are used to design the gripper and investigate the gripper capability in grasping different objects. The results for different types of objects are discussed and the analysis shows that the gripper with fuzzy logic and feedback control can grasp each object firmly and effectively.
3:15 Evaluation System of Rangefinder for Disaster Robot
Dongin Shin and Seung-Hun Kim (Korea Electronics Technology Institute, Korea)
This paper presents the method of evaluating rangefinder sensor system for applying to disaster robot. In order to measure the performance of the sensor system, the proposed system consists of a square space attached markers, an accurate 3D scanner and a simulation program. To test the accuracy of the rangefinder system in various environments, multi-absolute objects are used. From the markers attached on the test room, the position of the sensor is calculated, and then the accuracy is measured by comparing the 3D scanned data and pre-defined 3D CAD data. Since the proposed method identify the position of the sensor in real-time, the method is able to evaluate the performance even if the sensor is moving. We demonstrate the performance of the proposed system though the experiment.
3:30 Visibility Evaluation of Vision Sensor in Smoke Environment
Seung-Hun Kim and Dongin Shin (Korea Electronics Technology Institute, Korea)
This paper presents the method of visibility evaluation to measure the performance of vision sensor in smoke environment. To perform the test of vision sensor, this paper has considered various conditions such as illumination, uniformness of smoke and measurement of smoke density. In order to generate smoke, the method uses a filter paper, which is used for testing fire and smoke detector. Under the smoke environment, the method measures image quality in terms of contrast and saturation. The proposed method demonstrates the proposed test apparatus is able to measure the effect of smoke on the image quality.
3:45 Parametric Factors Affecting Concatenative Sound Synthesis
Noris Norowi (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia); Eduardo Miranda (University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (Great Britain)); Masnida Hussin (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
Many existing CSS systems offer some form of user-controlled flexibility to its users. For example, users can select different audio features to be included as the basis of similarity between target and source sounds, or be provided with options to alter the pitch or loudness, or given the flexibility to set the similarity threshold between the target and the sound segments in the source database. However, with the exception of features selection, most of these control options are offered post-unit selection, i.e. after the segments are already selected and synthesised by the system. Post-unit selection transformation often means that re-selection of the sound segments to conform to the last minute adjustments entered by users. If these criteria were made clear before the selection of sound segments take place, it is possible that resulting sound will match the target more closely. This change will not only minimise the transformation needed, but also saves time as any ambiguities can be eliminated from the start. Thus, identifying the factors that affect synthesis result and including them in the system as options that users can control is the key to ensuring that the demands of users are communicated through to the system. This study investigated the effects of several parametric factors on the synthesis results on CSS. The significance of this study includes illustrating the need for increasing flexibility with respect to parametric options when developing a CSS system.
4:00 Cubic Polynomial as Alternatives Cubic Spline Interpolation
Amir Nazren Abdul Rahim and Shahrul Yaakob (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Ruzelita Ngadiran and Mohd Wafi Nasrudin (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Badrul Mohamad (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & UniMAP, Malaysia)
This paper proved the cubic polynomial kernel design has capability to replace the famous cubic spline interpolation kernel. The main contribution this work to proven the cubic polynomial has good performance with less aliasing and blurring rather than applied cubic spline interpolation. The cubic spline kernel provided good response better than nearest neighbor and bilinear function and it was widely use in digital images signal processing application especially in super resolution techniques. Nevertheless the finding better method is never end. It has two ways to validate the performance of both techniques. An analysis is done with comparison both techniques kernel with use frequency response and measuring the highest PSNR as benchmark of this study. This study proved that the cubic polynomial produced more smooth function in frequency response and highest gain PSNR images. The propose techniques has less computational complexity and good response thus it could gain efficiency in digital image application.
4:15 Image Edge Detection by Savitzky-Golay Differentiator
Kyeong-Seop Kim, Jeong-Hwan Kim, Gyeo-Wun Jeung and Jun-Woo Lee (Konkuk University, Korea)
Image edge referred as the abrupt changes in pixel intensity and it can offer the important features for recognizing an object. The conventional methods for detecting edges of an image involves convolution operation with the first-order derivative kernel such as Sobel and Prewitt mask. These masks have demerits of the high sensitivity to noise and limitation in defining size of kernel with only 3×3. This study proposes the two-dimensional extensions of one-dimensional Savitzky-Golay first-order differentiator to detect image edges. The merits of the extended Savitzky-Golay differentiator are emphasized by comparing with the performance of Sobel and Prewitt edge operator in terms of the capability of noise suppression and the accuracy in locating edges.
4:30 RMATHs: Mobile Based Numeracy Learning Applications for Students with Learning Disabilities
Rozita Abdul Jalil (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & UTM, Malaysia); Zaidatun Tasir (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Shaharuddin Md Salleh Md Salleh (UTM, Malaysia)
Providing quality basic education for all children is one of the Malaysian Government's commitments, as promised by the 164 signatory countries under the UNESCO Agreement. This goal is very challenging, particularly for children with learning disabilities. Besides that, the number of students with learning disabilities represents the largest group of students in special education classes in Malaysia. There are three main problem faced by special education students in learning activities, specifically: cognitive, physical and sensory disabilities. These learning disabilities lead to low academic performance and often result in other problems such as inappropriate school behavior due to a lack of motivation towards the learning process. The Mobile Based Numeracy Learning Application (RMATHs) program is currently proposed to help those at-risk students to master basic numeracy skills with the assistance of technology. RMATHs is created for learning disabilities (LD) students in primary schools in Malaysia, specifically, for students in Special Education Integration Program (SEIP) classes. The content has been adapted and aligned with the Integrated Curriculum for Learning Disabilities issued by the Ministry of Education Malaysia. The unique features of RMATHs include the use of an attractive technology-based tool, namely, mobile devices; in addition to the design of learning interactions and activities being suitable for LD students. Learning activities and the environment of RMATHs are designed based on Constructivist Learning Environment and Mayer Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning. It is expected that LD students will understand the topic that they have learnt through RMATHs since it is specifically designed according to their needs.
4:45 Automated Fertilized Duck Egg Sorting System Using Image Processing
Gerino P Mappatao (De La Salle University, Philippines)
This paper presents an automated system used in sorting fertilized duck eggs according to gender. The system accepts fertilized eggs in a feeding conveyor and segregates them into male and female. A computer is used to execute a program to process and analyze the duck egg image captured by a camera. Using a microcontroller interface, the same computer controls all moving parts including the actual egg segregation. Basically, the gender of duck eggs is determined based on the shape. It is observed by people in the duck egg industry that male duck eggs differ in shape from their female counterparts. Male duck eggs are somewhat more pointed than female duck eggs. In the proposed system, the eccentricity of duck eggs is used in determining the gender. Test results show that the accuracy of the proposed automated duck egg sorting system is higher than manual sorting. Eggs are also sorted faster and with more consistency when using the proposed system. The automated sorting system has reached an optimum accuracy of more than 91% in segregating male from female duck eggs.

#### I4CT_DAY01_05: I4CT DAY ONE - SESSION 05

Room: 005 - MELATI ROOM
Chairs: Nur Farhana Hordri (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia), Thakerng Wongsirichot (Prince of Songkla University, Thailand)
2:00 BRIEF Features for Texture Segmentation
Suraya Mohammad (University Kuala Lumpur - British Malaysian Institute, Malaysia); Tim Morris (University of Manchester, United Kingdom (Great Britain))
Binary Robust Independent Elementary Feature (BRIEF) has been successfully used as an efficient feature point descriptor. It uses can be found in many computer vision application such object recognition and camera localization. This is due mainly to its discriminating ability and computational simplicity as well as invariant to illumination variations. In this paper we use a slightly modify BRIEF descriptor as a method to measure texture and apply them in texture segmentation application. Experiments are conducted on a standard test suite of test images and shows that BRIEF texture features is better and in some cases compare favorably with other established texture measures
2:15 A Prototype of Sleepwalking Detection and Monitoring System Using Smart Devices
Somnambulism or sleepwalking is a type of sleep disorders. Patients perform a series of unusual and complex behaviors whilst sleep. There are a number of medications and treatments existed with proper observations. The research work develops a prototype of sleepwalking detection and monitoring system using smart devices. It utilizes daily use technology to assist patients and caretakers. There are two main group of users, patients and caretakers. Mobile devices are used in our proposed prototype to detect sleepwalking episodes and alert caretakers. An algorithm and methodology are purposed and discussed by investigating possible sleep positions. A variety of experiments have been performed in order to investigate the most suitable computational formula for sleepwalking episodes detection. Some limitations and future works are discussed.
2:30 Information Security Management Systems (ISMS) and Computer Security Self-Efficacy (CSSE) Model Comparison
Mahmoud Al Shawabkeh and Madihah Mohd Saudi (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia); Najwa Hayaati Mohd Alwi (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia); Norhidayah Azman (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia)
Information security models are designed based on a different set of assumptions which are based on the characteristics of information system, motivations of organization to protect information, goals of the attacker and data validation of the model. The threats to information security are real and growing. Financial organizations need to take protective measures by implementing security policies though effective resource allocation is very difficult. This situation is due to uncertainty about the nature and severity of the threats and vulnerabilities and the effectiveness of the mitigation measures. Varieties of security policy models have been proposed to the financial organizations. Therefore to overcome the stated issues, this paper presents an analysis of two commonly used models: the Information Security Management System ISO/IEC 27001:2015 and Computer Security Self-Efficacy (CSSE). Findings confirm the suitability of both models for e-Banking computer security policies.
2:45 Beam Controller Antenna for WiMAX Application
Lim Wai Leong (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Wee Fwen Hoon (Universiti Malaysia Perlis ( UniMAP), Malaysia); Kok Yeow You (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Lee Yeng Seng (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Siti Julia Rosli (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
Introduce a practical design of an antenna that able to control the radiation beam pattern by using PIN diode and capacitor. The operation of the antenna is an on/off switch that controlled by PIN diode and Direct Current (DC) that supply from external source. The proposed antenna was verified to be able to cover the direction of 90 degree when the DC is turn on. The DC pass through the PIN diode and activate the diode to be functioned as a switch. This proposed antenna is operated at frequency of 2.3 GHz which is for Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) application that symbolizes in the IEEE 802.16 family. This antenna is designed using FR-4 substrate material with the dimension is 200mm x 200mm using Computer Simulation Technology Microwave Studio (CST MWS) simulator software.
3:00 Performance and Investment Analysis of Mobile Based Attendance System in Campus Scale
Prajna Deshanta Ibnugraha (Telkom University & Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia); Periyadi Periyadi, Devie Ryana Suchendra and Tafta Zani (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Attendance report of students is important information that must be had by campus. Some technologies are used to generate attendance report like RFID based attendance system and Mobile Based Attendance System. This study uses Execution Time and Cost-Benefit Analysis to analyze performance and investment both of attendance system. In performance, Mobile Based Attendance System has better execution time than RFID Based Attendance System because Mobile Based Attendance System has capability to record some students attendance in same time. RFID Based Attendance System needs specific infrastructure and specific ID tag for students, but Mobile Based Attendance System can use similiar infrastructure with wireless network and uses mobile device of students as attendance ID. So Mobile Based Attendance System is more efficient in investment.
3:15 Hybrid Biogeography Based Optimization - Multilayer Perceptron for Application in Intelligent Medical Diagnosis
Nur Farhana Hordri and Siti Yuhaniz (Advanced Informatics School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Siti Mariyam Shamsuddin and Aida Ali (UTM Big Data Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Manual medical diagnosis which depends on physicians' knowledge to diagnose the presence of the symptoms of the disease is impracticable. Therefore, automatic and intelligent medical diagnosis has become very useful to the physicians when dealing with huge amount and high dimensional medical database. In this paper, we have proposed hybridization method by improving MLP learning with Biogeography Based Optimization (BBO) to be adopted and applied in five medical diagnoses. Comparisons are done between the following proposed methods: hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and MLP; hybrid Genetic Algorithm (GA) and MLP; and hybrid Artificial Fish Swarm Algorithm (AFSA) and MLP using the same standard parameters. Results are analyzed in terms of their classification accuracy. The performance of each method was evaluated based on their specificity, sensitivity, accuracy and precision. The findings disclose that BBO is a promising optimization tool in enhancing MLP learning with better average accuracy and convergence rate in intelligent medical diagnosis.
3:30 Modelling and Simulation Analysis for the Prediction of the Performance of Intrinsic Conducting Polymer Current Limiting Device
Noor Jabarullah (ICOLE - British Malaysian Institute, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, 53100, Selangor, Malaysia)
Previous studies have shown that the current limiting concept and interruption of short-circuit currents in low power applications have been introduced, particularly in polymer switch based on the positive temperature coefficient of resistance (PCTR) concept However there are many restrictions in the active material, which consists of conductive fillers. This research presents a considerably improved and simplified approach that replaces the existing current limiters with faster switching elements. Its elegance lies in the remarkable simplicity and low-cost processes of producing the device using polyaniline (PANI) doped with methane-sulfonic acid (MSA). The experimental results have been modelled and simulated for moisture contents where its proved to be very significant in increasing the resistance thus implying good current-limiting properties. Sample characterization experiments have been performed and proven to be significantly enhanced in device response compared to conventional carbon block copolymer device. Additionally I-V (current voltage) characterisation in moisture presence environment is shown to increase the resistivity and also improved its current limiting performance. Our modelling and simulation showed significant results to expand the experimental output.
3:45 Image Sensor Comparison and Threading Influence to Raspberry Pi Performance
Iszaidy Ismail and Ruzelita Ngadiran (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Mohd Jais (School of Computer and Communication Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP), Malaysia); Badlishah R Ahmad (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia); Shuhaizar Daud (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
Travel time is important information for traffic management system which can help people to plan their travel schedule and improve their work efficiency. Fast moving vehicle on highway makes difficult to measure the travel time information. High capturing rate by image sensor is needed by embedded board to capture the vehicle. The limited resource of embedded board makes problem especially when image sensor been attached to it. There are two ports which available on Raspberry Pi 2 to check and analyze the image sensors effects to the boards performance. Threading is a solution to improve resource utilization and reduce the image sensor latency when it attach to the embedded board. In this paper, the threading technology is applied on Raspberry Pi 2 with different image sensors via different port and the performance of every image sensor on Raspberry Pi 2 is analyzed.
4:00 Robust Adaptive Control for Temperature Regulation of Glycerin Bleaching Process
Mohd Hafiz Abd Jalil Zainuddin (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Mohd Nasir Taib and Mohd Hezri Fazalul Rahiman (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Rohaiza Hamdan (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Mohd Hezri Marzaki (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
This paper present the performance evaluation on several modification approaches for robust Model reference adaptive control (MRAC) in regulating temperature of glycerin bleaching process. Three approaches which are MRAC without integral, MRAC with sigma-modification and MRAC with e-modification are used and compared. The design of MRAC is based on first order system. Both of simulation study and real time implementation will be analyzed based on 2% band transient analysis and for steady state error analysis, Mean Square Error (MSE) is used. Results indicate that, MRAC without integral and MRAC with sigma-modification provide better performance as compared with MRAC with e-modification. Also, MRAC without integral provides slightly better performance compared to MRAC with sigma-modification especially in providing less overshoot and small MSE. In addition, results also reveal that MRAC without integral provide less tuning parameter as compared with MRAC with sigma-modification and MRAC with e-modification.
4:15 Performance of Glycemic Control Protocol and Virtual Trial
Fatanah Mohamad Suhaimi (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Ummu Kulthum Jamaludin (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Normy Abdul Razak (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Azrina Ralib and Mohd Basri Mat Nor (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
Model-based glycemic control offers direct management of patient-specific variability and better adaptive control. Implementation of the model-based glycemic control has the potential to reduce hyperglycemia episodes, mortality and morbidity as seen in some successful TGC. The design of any TGC must consider not only the glycemic target range but also safety and efficacy of the insulin therapy. This paper presents the evaluation of glycemic control protocol adapted in the ICU of Tengku Ampuan Afzan Hospital. Virtual trials method is used to simulate the controller algorithm on a virtual patient with feed variation factor. Data from actual clinical and the virtual trial are compared to analyze the protocol performance concerning blood glucose outcome and insulin efficacy. A stochastic model is also used to indicate metabolic response and metabolic variation of the cohort.
4:30 Automated Miniature Greenhouse
Fei Siang Tay (Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus, Malaysia); Saad Kashem (Swinburne University of Technology, Malaysia); Walter Seng (Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus, Malaysia)
The purpose of the paper is to develop an automated miniature greenhouse which will be able to monitor and control the environment to suit the optimum conditions for plant growth. The greenhouse is used to sustain a plant's life for a certain period of time without human intervention. Various sensors such as DHT11 temperature sensor, SEN0114 soil moisture sensor, LDRs and rain sensor are to be employed for monitoring purpose and actuators such as DC geared motor and linear actuator for controlling purpose. Arduino Mega 2560 compatible will be used as the main programmable input/output peripherals to control the microclimatic parameters based on the settings from the program. The whole greenhouse is installed with low power consumption components to ensure the sustainability and the compatibility with green energy technology. Data analysis, wireless communication and network setups will be left as the direction of future work.
4:45 Estimation of Plasma Insulin and Endogenous Insulin Secretion in Critically Ill Patients Using ICING Model
Ummu Kulthum Jamaludin (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Fatanah Mohamad Suhaimi (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Normy Abdul Razak (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Azrina Ralib and Mohd Basri Mat Nor (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
The objective of this study is to estimate total plasma insulin level and endogenous insulin secretion by using Intensive Control Insulin-Nutrition-Glucose (ICING) model and 90 critically ill patients' data from Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Kuantan. Integral-based method was applied to solve mathematical equations defined in ICING model to find critical parameters of insulin sensitivity (SI) and results of total endogenous insulin secretion and total plasma insulin level were presented in median and 95% confidence interval (CI). It is reported that the total median plasma insulin is 1.35 x 106 mU while (6.59 x 105, 2.79 x 106) mU is in 95% CI, and the total median endogenous insulin secretion is 12.9% from the total median plasma insulin. The results elucidated the effectiveness of current practice via Intensive Insulin Infusion Therapy (IIT) and also suggest a further study on investigating the incretin mechanism which is strongly believed to contribute to the total plasma insulin level and help to simulate endogenous insulin secretion.

#### SOSHUM_DAY01_02: SOSHUM DAY ONE - SESSION 02

Room: 001 - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1
Chairs: Haza Hanurhaza Md Jani (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia), Růžena Štemberková (University of Hradec Králové & University of Hradec Králové, Czech Republic)
2:00 Investigating the Measurement of Students' Opinion in Engaging Electronic Word of Mouth Via Social Networking Sites
Norazah Mohd Suki (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia); Norbayah Mohd Suki (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia); Irma Wani Othman (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia)
This study investigated the measurement of students' opinion in engaging electronic word of mouth via social networking sites (SNS). Data was analyzed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with the computer programme Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21 in order to test the underlying factor structure of the data. Next, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was executed via structural equation modeling (SEM) technique using analysis of moment structures (AMOS) computer programme version 21 with the purpose of confirming the measurement model. EFA results show that from the fifteen measuring items, item "When I consider new products, I ask my contacts on the SNS for advice" appears the most important item, followed by item "I feel more comfortable choosing products when I have gotten my contacts' opinions on them on the SNS". This study contributes to the extant literature on consumer behaviour by developing a robust measurement on students' opinion in engaging electronic word of mouth via SNS. Direction for future research is also offered.
2:15 Students' Intention to Use Role-Play Games in a Class for Japanese Language Proficiency
Norazah Mohd Suki (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia); Norbayah Mohd Suki (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia)
This study examined the correlation between perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude towards use, social influence, and behavioural intention to use role-play games in class for Japanese language proficiency, using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as the guiding principle. The subjects were 200 students in a public university in Sabah, Malaysia chosen via a structured self-administered questionnaire encompassing closed-ended questions. Based on the correlation analysis, the results revealed that strong encouraging correlations of social influence, positive perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and attitude towards use, increases the possibility of students' behavioural intention to use role-play games in class for Japanese language proficiency. Results implied that students' in general agreed that they intended to use role-play games in class as much as possible and would recommend their friends and relatives to use it to improve Japanese language learning proficiency. By incorporating social influence in the TAM model, these outcomes provide new and significant insights into marketing theory. The research makes a significant contribution to a better understanding of the students' perception of usage of role-play games in a class for Japanese language proficiency, which is marginally touched on in the literature in the Malaysian context. Direction for future research is also presented.
2:30 Assessment on Subjective Sustainable Well-Being for Central Region of Malaysia
Aisyah Abu Bakar (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia); Mariana Mohamed Osman (International Islamic University of Malaysia, Malaysia); Syahriah Bachok (Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, Malaysia); Mansor Ibrahim and Alias Abdullah (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
Sustainable well-being results from a well-being that is sustained at another's expense. That is the well-being achieved from supportive interaction system and sourced from well-being of others. Through investigations suggested that subjective sustainable well-being is achieved through interdependence between human and other humans and between human and the environment. By analyzing the levels of interdependence, this paper emphasizes the significant differences between urban, suburban and rural community in attaining sustainable well-being in the most urbanized and populated regions of Malaysia.
2:45 The Physical Characteristics of an Islamic Garden: Studies of the Andalusian Gardens
Nor Zalina Harun, Mazlina Mansor, Ismawi Zen and Haza Hanurhaza Md Jani (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
A garden, in general, is a space design for the purpose of relaxation and recreation. Whereas, an Islamic garden is a garden that arises during the peak of Muslim civilization. The garden is created as a platform to remember the ones of God as He is the creator of the universe. The establishment of the Islamic garden spanned from the seventh century to 19th century before it suddenly declined in the 21st century due to the interference of the modern movement. Hence, this study is conducted as to preserve the concept of an Islamic garden from further being disregarded through the identification of the physical characteristics of the Islamic garden according to the original garden design. The objectives of this study are to identify the original garden design and later, to identify the physical characteristics of the Islamic garden. Two types of methods are employed in this research, namely the document analysis and site studies that are conducted at three gardens in Andalusia, Spain, namely the Alcazar Palace in Seville and Cordoba as well as the Alhambra in Granada. The findings of this research highlight on the identifications of the physical characteristics of an Islamic garden that can be a future reference for a garden design.
3:00 Exploratory Review on Understanding the Relationship Between Cultural Services and Open Space in University
Nor Zalina Harun and Nur Diana Shafikha Rosli (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
Open space in University offers multiple ecosystem services, providing a variety of benefits to human life. Ecosystem services are defined as the advantages that people receive from the ecosystems. It is the conditions and processes through which natural ecosystems and the species are to sustain and fulfill human life. In current research stated, the ecosystem contributes to human well-being has been emphasized with less attention to the importance of cultural services. Cultural services are recognized, but it is not yet defined clearly within the ecosystem services framework how important it is to human wellbeing. Thus, this paper is aimed to explore the understanding of the relationship of cultural services and open space in University. Hence, the objectives of this research are to study the cultural services functions and to identify the values of cultural services provided. It is to understand how knowledge of cultural services related to the socio-cultural value of human wellbeing. The research methods used consisted of a document analysis of cultural services with social-cultural value through the open space in University. The finding of this study is to demonstrate the proposed framework which shows the link between cultural services and socio-cultural value to human wellbeing. Above all, this approach is to understand the comprehensive approach to demonstrate the importance of cultural services and open space within the campus to human wellbeing.
3:15 Does Neighborhood Green Infrastructure (NGI) Affect Residents' Self-Perceived Health?
Mazlina Mansor, Khalilah Zakariya and Nor Zalina Harun (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
Research has shown that physical inactivity is prevalent among urban residents. This is due to sedentary living and spending a little time on outdoor recreational activities. This study implies that nearby parks, green spaces or even activities on neighborhood streets can increase participation in the outdoors, thus improve health. The aim of the study was to investigate whether neighborhood green infrastructure (NGI) relates to urban residents' self-perceive health. The findings were derived from 650 self-administered survey questionnaires which were distributed to residents in Bandar Tun Razak. Findings suggest that the NGI encourages physical and recreational activities and satisfaction to health. Therefore, a connected NGI in towns and cities will increase the pursuit of a healthy lifestyle and promotes health equity. The unbroken sequential journey from home via tree-line streets and sidewalks with neighborhood open spaces and recreational park allows users to experience nature in the built environment. The health effects that are experienced by the urban residents will provide a basic framework to promote health by design. This finding can be translated into policy on health promotion in Malaysia through landscape design and planning of urban green spaces.
3:30 Policy of Sustainable Growth: Local People Perception on the Regional Economic Development of Iskandar in Malaysia
Noor Suzilawati Rabe (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia); Mariana Mohamed Osman (International Islamic University of Malaysia, Malaysia); Syahriah Bachok (Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, Malaysia)
Iskandar Malaysia development is one of the latest regional economic development established in Malaysia. There are five flagship zones proposed under the implementation of Iskandar Malaysia within the boundary of Johor Bahru and Pontian district. This paper intends to discuss the implementation concept of sustainable growth in Iskandar Malaysia. The research hoped that the findings of the study would help to improve the planning of regional economic development in Malaysia in achieving sustainable development principles
3:45 Evaluation of Research & Development in Malaysia
Růžena Štemberková (University of Hradec Králové & University of Hradec Králové, Czech Republic); Petr Zdralek (University of Hradec Kralove, Faculty of Informatics and Management, Czech Republic); Pavla Matulova (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic); Petra Maresova (University of Hradec Kralove, Faculty of Informatics and Management, Czech Republic); Kamil Kuca (University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
Růžena Štemberková, Faculty of Informatics and Management, Rokitanského 62, 50003, Hradec Králové, Czech republic Malaysia is one of the fastest economically growing countries in Southeast Asia, together with the increasing interest in trade. In recent years the Ministry of Education of Malaysia proceeded to transform and reform its education system, and hand in hand with it to change the concept of universities from traditional research and educational institutions to universities collaborating with industry and encouraging their researchers in the approach in this direction. This is related to the introduction of rewarding inventors / originators founding centers of technology transfer service that cooperate and actively seek partners for cooperation in the commercial sector. Increased activity in the protection of intellectual property each of the universities has already enhanced this trend. Innovation, cooperation, communication - are synonymous and the main driving engines of local universities, ministries of education and of Management on all these levels in order to increase the competitiveness of these institutions, as well as the Malaysian economy.
4:00 The Impact of Energy Consumption on Malaysia GDP
Adibah Hussin (Universiti Teknologi Mara Pahang, Malaysia); Nor Aziah Abd. Kadir and Azniza Ahmad Zaini (Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Malaysia); Hamnah Che Hamzah (Faculty of Business Management, Malaysia)
This study tries to examine on how energy consumption affects economic growth in Malaysia. Using three decades data from 1978 to 2012, the data have been tested for unit root, cointegration and Granger causality tests to examine the statistical relationships between the variables. The analysis found that all variables are stationary at first difference and the analyses proceed with cointegration test. From the cointegration test, both trace statistics and max eigen statistics have detected two cointegrating vectors. It suggests that, long run equilibrium exist between variables. From the cointegration equation, there are positive relationship between energy consumption and GDP and Price and GDP. It is said that, if the energy consumption and price increase, GDP will increase too. However, for causal relationship, the study only found unidirectional causal relationship from GDP to Price.
4:15 Quality of Life: Review on an Approach Integrating Maqasid al-Shariah
Noor Suzilawati Rabe (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia); Mariana Mohamed Osman (International Islamic University of Malaysia, Malaysia); Syahriah Bachok (Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, Malaysia)
Quality of life is one of the indicators to measure a nation's development status, economic growth and political stability.. Previous studies suggested that modernisation and globalisation has influenced the development of various techniques or parameters to measure the quality of life of the people. The social, economic, quantitative, qualitative or subjective well-being indicators have been developed to define and measure quality of life including through assessing people's reactions to their lives and societies. However, there is also a holistic approach to measure quality of life form religious perspectives. A more holistic and inclusive concept to represent the new quality of life model that integrates the physical/material, intellectual and spiritual dimensions of human beings need to be formulated or studied in order to make the study on quality of life more comprehensive. This paper attempts to review the literature of quality of life in relation to the Islamic principle of. The study on Maqasid al-Shariah in relation to conventional theory of quality of life is essential to Malaysian as majority of the population (60% of the population) is Muslim. Finding from the study is hoped to be beneficial to the stakeholders and policy makers in developing policies and strategies that able to enhance the quality of life of Malaysian
4:30 Islamic Attributes of Destination and Muslim Travellers Satisfaction: Examining the Moderating Effect of Religious Commitment
Azizul Yadi Yaakop and Siti Ismail (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia); Nomahaza Mahadi (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Khatijah Omar and Marhana Mohamed Anuar (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia)
World Islamic tourism is growing rapidly year by year. In Malaysia, the demand of Islamic tourism products has also gained significant popularity based on the increasing number of Muslim tourists to the country in recent years. Unfortunately, this demand has rarely been supported by market studies especially from the perspective of the Muslim travelers in Malaysia. The paper is written (i) to identify the relationship between the determinants of Islamic Attributes of Destination (IAD) and Muslim travellers Satisfaction (TS) and (ii) to examine the mediating role of Religious Commitment (RC). A total of 225 responses were collected and the data was analyzed via multiple regression analysis. The finding of the study shows that IAD has a significant effect on TS. The finding also revealed that RC moderates the relationship between IAD and TS. It is hoped that the study provides clearer understanding about Halal hospitality and travellers' religious needs from their standpoint in order to develop marketing strategies to attract Muslim travellers and to ensure the expansion of the industry particularly in the context of Malaysia tourism industry.
4:45 Antecedents of Consumers' Behavioral Intentions in Social Commerce
Nurul Abd Rashid, Safiek Mokhlis and Azizul Yadi Yaakop (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of consumers' behavioral intentions in social commerce. The conceptual foundation was based on the extension Technology Acceptance Model. Using multiple regression analysis, the findings indicate that attitude towards use, perceived usefulness and perceived enjoyment in using Facebook for online shopping were influenced by perceived ease of use. Meanwhile, behavioral intentions to use Facebook for online shopping was influenced by attitude towards use. Two additional variables to the extended TAM namely perceived trust and perceived risk also proved to have a significant effect in this study and hence, contributed to the existing model of technology acceptance. Given that there is still a lack of studies on purchase intentions through SNS, this study hopefully will be a contribution to the online business development in Malaysia especially concerning desirable marketing opportunity for business through Facebook.

#### SOSHUM_DAY01_03: SOSHUM DAY ONE - SESSION 03

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chairs: Saliza Abdul Aziz (Universiti Utara Malaysia & COLLEGE OF BUSINESS, Malaysia), Maizaitulaidawati Md Husin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
2:00 Employee Engagement and Turnover Intention: An Empirical Investigation in the Plantation Industry
Nurshazwani Amalina Sudirman and Maizaitulaidawati Md Husin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Suzilawati Kamarudin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia); Adriana Mohd. Rizal (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Harcharanjit Singh (Universiti Technologi Malaysia & International Business School, Menara Razak, Malaysia)
The purpose of this research is to examine the factors that affect employee engagement and turnover intention among employees in the plantation industry. For this purpose, a conceptual framework was proposed and empirically tested. A total of 275 questionnaires were collected using convenience sampling and analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis. The findings revealed that six hypotheses are supported. Surprisingly, one hypothesis was rejected: rewards and recognition have a positive and significant relationship with turnover intention. The findings of this research contribute valuable new knowledge that could be applied in predicting staff retention in the plantation industry. Academic and practical implications were discussed.
2:15 The Perception of Muslim on Family Takaful Scheme Participation in Malaysia: A Qualitative Study
Maizaitulaidawati Md Husin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Asmak Ab Rahman (Universiti Malaya, Malaysia); Adriana Mohd. Rizal (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Suzilawati Kamarudin and Nazimah Hussin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia)
Takaful industry has experienced rapid growth and gained wider acceptance among Muslims and non-Muslims. The growth of takaful industry has contributed to economic development especially in the Islamic financial system. In general, this study discusses the perception of Muslim on family takaful scheme participation in Klang Valley, Malaysia. In particular, this study aims to identify the perception of Muslim on family takaful scheme participation, the sources that might influence the intention to participate into the scheme, the perception on the importance of Islamic element in purchasing insurance, and problems that might impede individual's intention from participating in family takaful scheme. This pilot study uses semi-structured interviews question to collect the data. Interview data are analyzed using thematic analysis. The result shows that Muslim perception and intention to participate in family takaful scheme is mixed. While most of the respondents agree that family takaful is a necessity, money was the main factor that impedes their intention from participating in the scheme. This study suggests the influence of media and takaful agent in enhancing Muslim awareness, knowledge and intention to participate in family takaful scheme.
2:30 Socio-demographic Variation on Tourism Expenditure in Melaka UNESCO World Heritage are
Syakir Amir Ab Rahman (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
Melaka City has been designated as UNESCO World Heritage site since 2008 that offers authentic heritage and cultural attractions to tourists worldwide. The study explores the domestic and inbound tourists spending pattern and its socio-demographic effects to the expenditure pattern in the Melaka Heritage area. 1000 diary record surveys were collected from domestic and inbound tourists and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the research hypothesis. Socio-demographic characteristics including age, marital status, occupation, education level, first-time and repeat visit were found to significantly affect domestic tourism expenditure while only age, marital status and purpose of visit were found to significantly affect inbound tourism expenditure.
2:45 Validate the Relationship Between Institutional Ownerships with Bond Yield Spreads for Listed Issuer in Malaysia
Noriza Mohd Saad (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia)
The presence of institutional investors who are purchased and held the corporate bonds rather than individual investors might be a significant factor to yield to maturity (YTM). As an institutional ownership, supposed they will actively cost monitoring and pressure more sensitive towards defaults risk performance as measured by yield spreads (the difference between minimum and maximum YTM) of corporate bonds issue by listed firms in Malaysia. Throughout, the objectives of this study are to investigate and validate the relationships between institutional ownerships and bond' yield spreads. Data are obtained from company issuer's annual report, Bondinfo Hub of Malaysia Central Bank and Bloomberg from year 2000 to 2014. Three statistical tests are utilized for analyzing difference impact on default risk, which are pooled ordinary least squared (OLS), fixed effect and random effect model. Results show that presence of top-6 and other institutional ownerships is significant to reduce yields spreads within the firm or fixed effect and random effect. However, it is not significant by pooled OLS. Thus, the impact of this fixed effect approach is important to perform in debt issuances since it provide the coefficient of estimations sign on the regression model. In the perspectives of random effect, it helps issuer to predict the tranches of issuances which are closed to default and invariant correlated to the individual tranches effects.
3:00 Design Suggestions for Concurrent Urban Transformation in a Developing Country
Giao Quynh Ngoc Pham, Mihyang Lee and Seung-Hoon Han (Chonnam National University, Korea)
Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), one of the two largest cities in Vietnam, is a young city with 300 years of history. With a population growth rate of dizziness with more than 10 million people, recent urban transformation is being a hot issue for HCMC planning, and many problems in urban planning have been raised to be reconsidered. The aim of this study is to investigate urban problems and solutions in HCMC and to address design planning guidelines by found outcomes. In addition to the study of the historical development of urban planning of HCMC, this paper also performs the comparative analyses with other similar cities in the world. As results, this study analyzes the existing problems for HCMC, one of the most populous cities in Vietnam, draws its own characteristics of the urban society, and suggests clues for the future planning and design.
3:15 Spatial Organization of Korean Traditional Residence Based on Domestic Religion Towards Succession to the Modernized Hanok
Jong-Il Park and Seung-Hoon Han (Chonnam National University, Korea)
Korean traditional residences has been built with deep considerations for various values such as social, religious and cultural influences to be started 6000 years ago, and completed its form in late Chosun Dynasty, but its meaning is being vanished due to the different social environments these days. It is necessary, therefore, to grasp the meaning of the Korea traditional building and understand religious emotions of Korean people called domestic religion. The purpose of this study is to determine some reasons why the form of the traditional housing structure shows as connected to the domestic religion rooted deeply in Korea traditional architecture. For this research, a few analytical methods are utilized to analyze shamanistic values connected to residential spaces, to propose qualitative design factors of New-Hanok inherited from the traditional residential architecture, and to suggest sound guidelines for finding right directions towards succession to the future Hanok. As a result, this paper suggests how the domestic religions in Korea have affected the spatial configuration of the traditional dwellings.
3:30 Design Suggestions for Building Enclosures Towards Energy-Efficient Lit Office Environments
Han-Sol Jo and Seung-Hoon Han (Chonnam National University, Korea)
The purpose of this study is to analyze how the lighting system in office buildings affects the effectiveness of work environments and suggest the proper guidelines for designing energy-efficient lit office spaces. For this study, research targets have been chosen with building configurations for office buildings in the period of 1930s through today, and reorganized investigations through the classified redesign perspectives. As a result, this paper suggests for a research method to reveal the relationship between energy efficiency, design elements and spatial configuration with correlation analyses.
3:45 Trend Changes on Socio-Spatial Configuration by the Heating System Conversion in Korea
Mu-Jin Jo (Chonnam National University, Korea); Kyoung Hee Kim (University of North Carolina Charlotte, USA); Seung-Hoon Han (Chonnam National University, Korea)
The purpose of this study is to analyze how the heating system conversion affects the change of socio-spatial configuration to Korean housing systems and suggest the proper method based on quantitative data using simulation analyses. For this study, research targets have been chosen with plans from single-family houses and apartments in the period of 1950s through 1980s, and reorganized investigations through the classified space elements. As a result, this paper suggests for a research method to reveal the relationship between energy use, fuel types and spatial configuration with simulation techniques.
4:00 The Effect of Attitude and Understanding Towards GST Satisfaction Among Business Community in Malaysia
Saliza Abdul Aziz (Universiti Utara Malaysia & COLLEGE OF BUSINESS, Malaysia); Zainol Bidin and Munusamy Marimuthu (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
4:15 Challenges of Accurate Estimation in Preliminaries of Construction Projects
Abdul Aziz Abas (Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia); Zulhabri Ismail (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
Variation of price in the Bills of Quantities (BQ) has been the interest of many researches in the past decades and accuracy of tender remains as the prime objective. However, the specific discussion on variation in price of preliminary items may be scarce and brief. Truly that the award of tender depending on the qualitative and quantitative (price of materials) performances through a tedious tender evaluation process by the Engineers or Quantity Surveyors and generally the variation in price of preliminaries is taken as the contractor's risk. It is always high expectation of the client to obtain worth of investment and value for money from a construction project. The client entrusts the construction company to perform the required task and expect the project is within required Quality, Time and Cost. The client's satisfaction is crucial in the construction industry. With the satisfaction of the client, the construction companies would be able to differentiate themselves from other competitors and indirectly create business sustainability in the long run. The client is in fact a buyer of the services provided. The potential issues leading to the variations are identified in this paper. Contractor's common approach in the tender pricing for preliminaries is further discussed. Their understanding on the importance of preliminaries will result in accuracy of price and contributes value to the construction. This indirectly reduces the chance of construction to fail and ensures value for money of the construction project.
4:30 Structural Equation Modeling for Healthy Food Products Purchase Intentions
Sharifah Zannierah Syed Marzuki (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Roslilee Ab. Halim (Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor, Malaysia); Zulkifli Ab Ghani Hilmi (Universiti Teknologi MARA (Pahang), Malaysia); Maisarah Ishak (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between health concerns with attitude towards healthy food products, subjective norms, behavioral control and moral obligation which in turn may affect the purchase intention of healthy food products. The theoretical framework is based on Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Data was collected from 311 convenience sample using 7-points Likert scale items. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling were employed in the data analysis. The results indicate that health concerns have significant effect on the four constructs of the TPB which in turn have significant effect on purchase intentions of healthy food products.
4:45 Diabetes Friendly Logo: Determinants of the Purchase Intention
Maisarah Ishak and Sharifah Zannierah Syed Marzuki (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Zulkifli Ab Ghani Hilmi (Universiti Teknologi MARA (Pahang), Malaysia); Roslilee Ab. Halim (Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor, Malaysia)
This research is on the behavioural intention towards consumer products with diabetes friendly logo (DFL) that is based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). It is vital to conduct this research as the global prevalence of diabetes in 2002 was estimated to be 2.8% and is expected to rise 4.4% in 2030. The objective of this study is to find out whether consumers have the intention to purchase consumer products with DFL on it and to determine which attribute of DFL that influence the intention to purchase the said item. Self-administered questionnaires were used to gather data throught Malaysia using convenience sampling. The questionnaire included health concern, attitude towards products with DFL, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, perceived moral obligation and intention to purchase products with DFL which is the item adapted to fulfill the objectives of the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple regressions. The results of the regression indicated that the linear combination of the five predictors is significantly related to the intention of purchasing products with diabetes friendly logo. Attitude towards products with diabetes friendly logo is the most important predictor of purchase intention followed by subjective norms, perceived moral obligation and perceived behavioural control. However, health concern was found to be not significant in predicting purchase intention.

#### SOSHUM_DAY01_04: SOSHUM DAY ONE - SESSION 04

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chairs: Almodad Biduk Asmani (BINUS University, Indonesia), Nazneen Islam Rony (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia)
2:00 Decision Centric Knowledge Management System for Manufacturing SMEs: A Conceptual Framework
Nurshahida Binti Mohamad Razali (Graduate Research Assistant, Malaysia); Abdullah Al Mamun (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia); Mohd Nazri Bin Zakaria (Senior Lecturer, Malaysia); Chinnasamy Agamudai Nambi Malarvizhi Malarvizhi (Multimedia University, Malaysia); Noorshella Binti Che Nawi (Senior Lecturer, Malaysia)
Knowledge workers and their productivity has become the most crucial component for productivity and sustainability of SMEs all over the world. Decision-making is an integral part of the business process and one of the main responsibilities of knowledge workers. This study, therefore, focuses on developing a conceptual model to identify and evaluate the contribution of knowledge workers to the decision-making process and the mediating function of the knowledge management system. The proposed conceptual model illustrates the effect of cognitive skills, technical skills, and social skills of the knowledge workers on the knowledge management system (including information technology, human resource, and sharing behavior) and the decision-making process of manufacturing SMEs in Malaysia.
2:15 Innovation Among Manufacturing SMEs: A Cross-Industry Comparison
Abdullah Al Mamun (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia)
This study examines the level of innovation (i.e., product innovation, process innovation, consumer engagement, and service innovation) across industries (i.e., basic metal; chemicals and petroleum; electrical and electronics; fabricated metal; food, beverage and tobacco; machinery; manufacture of furniture; medical, precision, and optical instruments; non-metallic mineral; paper, printing, and publishing; plastic; recycling; rubber; textile, wearing apparel, and leather; transport; wood and wood products, including furniture; and others) among manufacturing SMEs in Malaysia. This study uses a cross-sectional design and complete data is collected from 360 randomly selected manufacturing enterprises through a structured interview. Findings of this study indicate that the level of product, process, and service innovation differs significantly across the industries. Future studies should focus on identifying the key factors contributing to the low level of innovation in selected industries. SMEs and the development program and policies should focus on providing a supportive platform to promote innovation across the industries in Malaysia.
2:30 Persuasion, Consumer Engagement, and Performance of Malaysian Manufacturing Enterprises
Abdullah Al Mamun (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia); Wan Mohd Nazdrol Bin Wan Mohd Nasir (Senior Lecturer, Malaysia); Mohamed Dahlan Ibrahim (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia); Rajennd Muniady (Graduate Research Assistant, Malaysia); Kumaraguru Sivageahnam (GRAduate Research Assistant, Malaysia)
This study focused on examining the effect of innovation persuasion (i.e. relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability, and observability) on consumer engagement and enterprise performance in Peninsular Malaysia. This study used a cross-sectional design and complete data was collected from 360 randomly selected manufacturing enterprises through a structured interview. Findings of this study indicated that relative advantage, complexity, and observability have a significant positive effect on the level of consumer engagement. Findings also highlighted that consumer engagement has a significant positive effect on the performance of manufacturing enterprises in Peninsular Malaysia. This study has provided several insights on the adoption of innovative consumer engagement methods by manufacturing enterprises. Manufacturing enterprises should therefore focus on designing an innovative consumer engagement system, which would ultimately improve financial performance.
2:45 Effect of Market and Interaction Orientations on Innovation Orientation and Enterprise Performance
Abdullah Al Mamun (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia); Wan Mohd Nazdrol Bin Wan Mohd Nasir (Senior Lecturer, Malaysia)
To minimize poverty and inequality, Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia (AIM) has been providing assistance for the development and growth of micro-enterprises over the last two decades. In order to reevaluate and elucidate 'what and where' to focus on while redesigning AIM's credit and training programs, this action research project was initiated to examine the role of strategic orientation (i.e., market and interaction orientations) on innovation orientation and the performance of women micro-entrepreneurs in Malaysia. Findings of this study revealed that market orientation and interaction orientation have a significant positive effect on innovation orientation. Findings also noted a positive and significant effect of innovation orientation on micro-enterprise performance. Micro-enterprises in Malaysia should therefore, adopt strategies in market orientation with appropriate marketing efforts and interaction orientation where the entrepreneur adopts a proactive stance to deal with customers.
3:00 Examining Factors to Retain Human Talent in Oil and Gas Industry
Nazneen Islam Rony, Norazah Mohd Suki and Iftekhar Chowdhury (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia)
Retaining qualified employees is one of the important arena that organizations need to consider as employees are the most crucial resources in today's world. Organizations are constantly taking up strategies to motivate and improve their manpower to improve service quality. This research aims to examine the factors that influences the employees attrition rate to create sustainable workplace job satisfaction within the Oil and Gas service providers in Federal Territory of Labuan, Malaysia, using the Berry (1981) Model and Dyala, Kamal, Petra, Sherrihan, and Suleiman (2013) Model as the guiding principle. While global oil price is falling, it might be an issue for employees to be warned for job retrenchment. This research discusses about implications of internal marketing tools such as employee extrinsic reward, employee intrinsic reward, leadership, training and development, and employee satisfaction to employee retention. Respondents are selected on the basis of simple random sampling to response the 48 items in the survey questionnaire.
3:15 A Proposed Framework in Ascertaining Success Factors of Mosque Cooperative
The paper aims to propose a framework that ascertains the success factors of mosque cooperatives in Malaysia. The paper starts with an explanation of the current state of cooperatives movement in Malaysia, with a specific reference to mosque cooperatives. Next, the paper explains the financial performance and non-financial performance indicators for mosque cooperatives. This is followed by a discussion on success factors of mosque cooperatives. Eventually, based on prior studies examined, the paper suggests a framework on the factors influencing financial and non-financial performance of mosque cooperatives. Six success factors are suggested as impacting the financial and non-financial performance of mosque cooperatives viz; organisational attributes, management and operational excellence, human capital capability, effective internal supervision and control, level of support, and spirituality.
3:30 Leadership Practices to Support TESOL Program for EFL Students - A Case Study At BINUS University
Almodad Biduk Asmani and Chandra Wiharja (Bina Nusantara University)
3:45 An Importance-Performance Matrix Analysis (IPMA) on the Relationship Between Knowledge Creation Abilities and Innovative Work Behavior
While studies on innovative work behavior (IWB) have been extensively reported in the literature, very few had attempted to explore in the context of government setting. In addition, there is also limited studies examining the effect of knowledge creation abilities on IWB. Drawing upon this research gap, a study was conducted with the aim of examining the influence of knowledge creation abilities on IWB. Using the survey research method with a questionnaire as the instrument, data was collected from administrative officers working with the Malaysian federal government. The population was sampled using the stratified random approach, and based on the 305 usable responses, the results of the analysis showed that the predictors of service innovation are processed innovators, externalization, combination and internalization. In addition, it was also found that the predictors of process innovation are socialization, combination and internalization. The findings should be of interest to both researchers and practitioners. As of the researcher, the empirical based framework developed in the study can be further tested in other work setting. As for the practitioners, the findings will help them identify the appropriate training that needs to be focused so as to increase the innovative work behavior among the employees.
4:00 Religiosity and Sustainable Development Among Youths
Azlina Abu Bakar (University Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia); R. Zirwatul Aida R. Ibrahim (UMT, Malaysia); Mazidah Mohd Dagang (Umt, Malaysia)
Sustainable and resilient development refers to sustained competent functioning despite severely challenging circumstances (Cabness, 2002). Resilience also implies effective coping, which includes thought and action as the person puts effort to restore or maintain equilibrium under certain threat. This paper attempts to test empirically the model of resiliency and the importance of religiosity in developing resilient youth by using structural equation modeling (SEM). The adolescents' conception of resiliency measures dimensions such as active skills, future orientation, risk taking and independence while religiosity is examined through one's ability to cope and involve in religious activities. This study was done on a total sample of 608 youths from the east-coast of peninsular Malaysia. Cross-validation was done using two sub-samples of 160 and 148 youths respectively. The Resiliency Belief Scales (Trammel, 2003) and Religiosity Scale (Boswell, 2003) were employed in this study. The instruments consisted of 53 items and the items were hypothesized to have non-zero loadings on all dimensions in the model. Analysis of the items resulted in a well-fitting model (χ²/df = 1.318; GFI = .967; CFI = .991; RMSEA = .02). The direction and magnitude of the factor loadings were substantial and statistically significant. This shows that the model fits with the sample of data in this study. Religiosity explains 65% of variance in resiliency.
4:15 The Readiness of QFD Theory Among the SME Apparel in Malaysia: A Review
Rohana Zur (Universiti Teknologi MARA (UITM), Malaysia); Sharifah Alwiah Syed Sahil (Faculty of Art & Design Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Syaimak Abdul Shukor (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia)
In order to penetrate the demands of customer requirements, the theory of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) has been identify as a distinguished strategy, which is responsible for converting customer requirements into product development or services. QFD has represented most of the major manufacture in Japan and United States which has been proven to cost reduction; reduce material waste and times production while improving the quality of product design. This shows that, the use of QFD can help SMEs entrepreneurs to improve their productivity and services in order to cater international markets. However, SMEs are facing challenges to implements the QFD integration due to some factors. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to give a snapshot review of the QFD readiness among the SMEs in Malaysia apparel industry which has very limited study directed towards the understanding of theory QFD. Survey and phone interviews were conducted to SMEs apparel which registered with SME Corp Malaysia, to examine their perception and level knowledge of QFD understanding. Summarized from the feedback was used to get the clarification as a first step in order to promote future QFD development in apparel Malaysia Industry.
4:30 Modernism in Sang Pencerah Film Directed by Hanung Bramantyo
Dyah Puspitasari (Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB)); Setiawan Sabana and Hafiz Ahmad (Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Indonesia); Hanny Wijaya (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
As a product of Modernism, film has an ideological power in constructing mentality and intellectuality of society. On the other hand, modernity is more focused on ratio as the core of civilisation and stressed on emotive aspect as subordinate point. Hanung Bramantyo's film Sang Pencerah is an ideological reflection of developing civilisation, which based on the classification of binary opposition between emotive aspect as darkness and ratio as enlightenment. Through the structural semiotics of Ferdinand de Saussure as a method, Sang Pencerah film will be studied in order to signify the classification of two opposite eras and their ideological contexts. From the analysis results, researchers found out that Sang Pencerah film was not just presenting a story of K.H. Ahmad Dahlan as a significant character of Islamic history in Indonesia, but far-reaching into a topic of modernism versus tradition in many aspects of life. Definition of the advancement in the film is a linear contrast compares to the Western modernism that emphasises more to ratio. Therefore, Sang Pencerah film is obviously a product of modernism. Hopefully, the outcomes of this research will be useful to enhance social studies in general society, especially in film.
4:45 Classification of Acute Leukemia Using HMLP Network Trained by Genetic Algorithm
Nor Hazlyna Harun (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Muhammad Khusairi Osman (Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Malaysia); Mohd Yusoff Mashor (UNIMAP, Malaysia); Rosline Hassan (School of Medical Sciences, USM Malaysia, Malaysia)
Leukemia is a type of cancer that can lead to death. The main problem with the leukemia diagnosis lies in the human error in reading the data analysis and the shortage of hematologists available, to perform the data analysis. Creating a computer-aided diagnosis system is one of the solutions where it can automatically interpret the data so that fast and accurate diagnosis of the disease can be conducted. Recently, most of the researches in the leukemia applied artificial neural network (ANN) for their system seek to classify the blood cells data into normal and abnormal. This study focuses on the automated detection of acute leukemia and it also attempts to classify the disease into Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). This research utilises a type of neural network (NN) namely Hybrid Multi-layered Perceptron (HMLP) and trained by Genetic Algorithm (GA) to diagnose the data. The data are obtained from blood cells and 31 features are extracted such as size, radius, perimeter, standard deviation (red, green and blue), the mean of the pixels of colour (red, blue, green), second order moments, third order moments and affine moments. These features are inserted into the algorithm to calculate and determine the neural network performance. For the analysis, the data is evaluated using the 5-fold cross validation technique. This research shows that HMLP trained with GA provides a better classification performance with 92.67%, 88.67% and 96.67% of the overall, AML and ALL accuracy respectively.

## Wednesday, April 20

### Wednesday, April 20, 08:00 - 10:30

#### I4CT_DAY02_01: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 01

Room: 001 - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1
Chairs: Somkeit Noamna (Chiang Mai University & Chiang Mai University, Thailand), Orawit Thinnukool (College of Arts, Media and Technology, Chiang Mai University, Thailand)
8:00 Application on Mobile Devices to Increase Efficiency Longan Production
Somkeit Noamna (Chiang Mai University & Chiang Mai University, Thailand)
This research aims to study and find ways to optimize the process of production of longan by agriculturists in Lamphun, Thailand. The focus is to increase the production by improving processes based on principles of industrial engineering. The in depth analysis of the longan trees cultivation process by using the diagram (Fish Bone Diagram) has determined what actions can be classified as NVA (no value added). The elimination and reduction of such processes when it comes to trimming branches and hedges was achieved through the use of information technology. The result of the experiment using an application that was developed and tested in pilot study with longan trees shows that it is possible to reduce processing time of longan trees trimming and increase longan production by up to 25 percent as shown in the results of the research (from 131.4 kg to 164.6 kg per tree on average).
8:15 Preliminary Design for Development for Non-Prescription Medicine Mobile Health Application
Orawit Thinnukool (College of Arts, Media and Technology, Chiang Mai University, Thailand)
Nowadays, technology like mobile phones or smart phones cannot be ignores because it serves basic needs of humans. The benefits of mobile phone devices, especially applications they contain, empower the end-user. Some applications are opened more than ten million times per day. The large number of applications available serves users in a variety of ways. The best application is the application that can satisfy the needs of the user. Application development starts from creativity; an idea formed that will, when developed, support the needs of the user. The purpose of this paper is to identify whether a mobile application can facilitate preliminary treatment of non-prescription medicine for sick individuals. It also addresses how to develop an appropriate mobile application to use in everyday life and how to ensure high level of user satisfaction. In this research, we designed and developed Non-Prescription Medicine Mobile Health Application (NMMHA) using freely available software which was operated on android platform. To confirm that the application can be used with high level of satisfaction by real users, statistical analysis based on two sample t-tests was used.
8:30 Master Data Definition and the Privacy Classification in Government Agencies: Case Studies of Local Government
Faizura Haneem and Mohd Nazri Kama (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Azri Azmi (Advanced Informatics School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Azizul Azizan (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia); Suriani Mohd Sam (University Technology Malaysia, Malaysia); Othman Mohd Yusop and Hafiza Abas (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
The Master Data Management (MDM) empowers government agencies to consolidate and integrate multiple master data sources to a single source of truth. With MDM, the master data from different agencies that are valuable across agencies, applications and services will be identified and managed in a central repository as a high quality enterprise master data. However, the MDM establishment usually hindered by a data policy where most of the government agencies are reluctant to share their master data due to widespread privacy concerns. Hence, this study aims to define master data and its privacy classification in each government agencies by using a qualitative and quantitative data analysis approach. It involves participative case studies from seven (7) Malaysia's local government agencies. The study identifies 36 sets of master data which generally grouped into three domains which are; 1) customers' profile, 2) services and products, and 3) service providers' profile. From these master datasets, 20 datasets (56%) are classified as open data. The result indicates that the government agency has a high potential to share these open master data to the centralized MDM platform with no worry of the privacy issues. This study presents a significant contribution to the MDM research area by clarifying master data definition and its privacy classification in government agencies.
8:45 Data Reconstruction Through Sequence Based Mapping in Secured Data Partitioning
Hazila Hasan and Suriayati Chuprat (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Haslina Md. Sarkan (University of Technology Malaysia, Malaysia); Othman Yusop (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Recent researches have proposed data partitioning technique with secret sharing to enhance the security in cloud computing. However, its complexity in reconstructing while preserving confidentiality has a limitation for practical use, specifically when it involves a large amount of data. In this paper, we explored the existing mapping technique called partition based indexing that is being used to reconstruct the shares. Nevertheless, we found that its efficiency has decreased when the amount of data increased. Thus, this has motivated us to propose a sequence based mapping to increase the efficiency of data reconstruction in secured data partitioning with secret sharing. The proposed technique has been evaluated through a series of simulation using 10000 data. The performance was evaluated based on the time taken to achieve data reconstruction for different number of shares. As a result, we proved that our proposal, which is named as a sequence based mapping technique has successfully improved more than 40 percent of the performance of data reconstruction compared to indexing technique. As such, we conclude that our proposal on sequence based mapping is an ideal technique for improving performance of data reconstruction in data-partitioning with secret sharing and preserving confidentiality of big data in cloud computing.
9:00 Evaluating Parallel Self-organizing Map Processing Using Graphic Processing Unit
Muhammad Firdaus Mustapha (Universiti Teknologi MARA & UiTM, Malaysia); Noor Elaiza Abd Khalid (UiTM, Malaysia); Mazani Manaf (University Teknology MARA, Malaysia); Azlan Ismail (UiTM, Malaysia)
Self-organizing map (SOM) is a very well-known and successfully clustering algorithm and data exploration. The SOM has a natural learning ability that able to constantly update information in order to improve the final results. The SOM algorithm consists of steps such as initialize neuron weights, find best matching unit (BMU), and update the weights. These steps involve complex calculations where the calculation of complexity depending on the circumstances. Meanwhile, graphic processing Unit (GPU) is currently a popular device in parallel architecture for executing general purpose programs. There are numbers of work found to implement SOM on GPU. However, these works discussed the computation time and quality measurements in separate manner. The resource utilization is the other main aspect to be considered in the implementations. The scope of this work is to employ parallel SOM algorithm using OpenCL platform. This paper evaluates the performance of parallel SOM algorithm in terms of three aspects; processing time, quality of the SOM map, and resource utilization. This is done by conducting a series of experiments with different dataset sizes and mapping sizes. Based on the experiment outcomes, this paper highlights the key factors in improving the parallel SOM processing.
9:15 The Requirement Model for Improved OpenID Single Sign-on (SSO) Authentication to Thwart Phishing Attack
Nur Haryani Zakaria and Nadia Mat Nayan (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Hatim MohamadTahir (Universiti Utara Malaysia & School of Computing, Malaysia); Norliza Katuk and Abubakar Mohammed (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
The problem of password memorability among users has led to the introduction of Single Sign-On (SSO) authentication. It enables users to login using a set of username and password which then allows an access into multiple websites without the hassle of repeating the same usernames and passwords. One of the most common SSO protocol is OpenID which is said to offer flexibility and security. Unfortunately, the existing OpenID model is prone to phishing attack whereby there is a lack of mechanism to ensure the authenticity of the OpenID provider. This scenario complicates the situation especially when there exists tools to generate phishing attacks are easily available without requiring much technical expertise. Moreover, users awareness are claimed to be insufficient to rely on since statistics of phishing attacks are shown to be increasing. Thus, this research attempts to propose page token as a mechanism to thwart phishing attack. This research produced and evaluated an improved requirement model that incorporates the page token as proposed mechanism. The outcomes show promising result towards the effort of thwarting phishing attacks.
9:30 A Framework for Preventing DDoS Attacks in Cloud Computing
Aws Naser Jaber, Mohamad Fadli Zolkipli and Shahid Anwar (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Mazlina Abdul Majid (Faculty of Computer Systems & Software Engineering Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia)
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) are attacks in networks that cause major performance disturbance. Intrusion prevention system (IPS) are tools for deployment and the correct placement of IDS/IPS systems on networks is of great importance for optimal monitoring and achieving maximum effect in protecting a system. In order to predict network anomalies, we propose using a PCA-preprocessing and covariance analysis to divide historical data of a network. Then, rough set-based rules are applied for predicting the behavior of future data in the network in order to best respond to predicted attack threats. The methods advanced are intended to be simple, allowing flexibility in how they are applied to networks and predicting attacks while limiting computational overhead.
9:45 A Dynamic Method of Detecting Malicious Scripts Using Classifiers
Nayeem Khan and J Abdullah (University Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); Adnan Shahid Khan (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia)
Due to the increasing importance of Internet in every aspect of our life, the World Wide Web which is accessed by end users through web browsers is becoming the next platform for criminal or individual with malicious intent to conduct malicious activities either for personal or economic gains. Malicious scripts work as a primary source of infection for malicious software or also known as malware. This paper proposes an efficient method of detecting malicious scripts by employing an interceptor on the client side by using a set of supervised and unsupervised classifiers. The proposed method will be implemented to achieve high detection rate with low false alarms and minimal performance overheads

#### I4CT_DAY02_02: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 02

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chair: Firman Arifin (Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia)
8:00 Designing the Network Topology of Feedforward Neural Network for Scene Illumination Classification
Mohammad Hesam Hesamian and Syamsiah Mashohor (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia); M Iqbal Saripan (UPM, Malaysia); Wan Azizun Wan Adnan (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
Determining the topology of network as one of the objectives of ANN systems, is not following any certain rules or algorithms but still there are several hints which help us to restrict the neural network architecture set. Hence, the process of testing structures will be the solution of finding most effective one among a limited set. This study aims to apply testing method on scene illumination classification system to find out the appropriate ANN structure. The results of this study apply on similar classification systems to avoid redoing the testing process.
8:15 The Effectiveness of an Online Abstract Checker Application
Dariush Saberi, Syamsiah Mashohor, Helen Tan and Ain Nadzimah Abdullah (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
Writing an abstract is difficult for students and they need a tool to check their abstracts against a confirmed framework. The current paper is a report on the usefulness of the online abstract checker application to the users. The application 'abstract checker 1.0' was developed based on Santos' (1996) Framework for writing a successful scientific abstract. The efficacy of the application was verified in a trial session which saw the participation of 32 postgraduate students from different faculties in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). During the session, participants were given instructions on how to use the tool and their feedback on the performance of the application was collected through a questionnaire and notes from mutual talks with the researchers. The special features of the application are the highlighting of the sentences according to the moves and the Abstract Quality Index (AQI) as an indicator of the level of quality of the submitted abstract. The usefulness of the software was analyzed based on a five point Likert scale and the obtained score showed that generally students found the application very useful. However, more importantly, the feedback received from the participants were invaluable information for the researchers to further fine tune the software for a more efficient and trustworthy application.
8:30 A Comparison Between Portal Based vs. Virtual World Learning Platform
Elin Eliana Abdul Rahim (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Nani Amalina Zulkanain (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia)
A comparison on the existing learning platforms for blended learning was conducted. The platforms are categorised into two: portal based and virtual worlds learning platform. Portal refers to the interface where the information could be exchanged among the users where virtual world refers to platform where users could interact among them on real time basis, in addition to exchanging information between them. The findings of the comparison suggest that virtual world platform is more preferable for the students compared to the portal based learning platformas it is more engaging and it provides students with the ability to interact among their peers and instructors.
8:45 Elaeis Guineensis Image Recognition and Analysis of Characterizing Nutrient Deficiency
The oil palm or scientifically known as Elaeis Guineensis Jacq. commonly suffers from three main nutritional deficiencies i.e. potassium, magnesium and nitrogen. The application of image processing is introduced to identify the difference between healthy and deficient oil palm according to the surface of the leaf. Recognizing the leaf's structures will lead to the automation of the manual inspection by the experts in agricultural disease. In addition, identification through computer algorithm is deemed as a non-destructive technique. The main objectives of the research are to enhance the leaf image and investigate the effect of color component in HSV(Hue, Saturation, Value) color space. Here, the color segmentation via multilevel thresholding technique and Wiener filter is also introduced. Algorithm is developed starting with the median filter which is used to confiscate unwanted noise prior to image segmentation. Then, HSV color space transformation from RGB (Red, Green, Blue) color is implemented as a method to pre-process the appearance of the deficiency patterns. The extraction of features based on color component i.e. area of red color pixel, including Gray-Level Co-Occurrence Matrix (GLCM) texture feature such as entropy and correlation, was extracted from the pixel number in the input image of the leaf. In order to enhance the image, Wiener filter was implemented to obtain smoother disease pattern on the leaf image. Results of image analysis are presented successfully, showing the desired pattern on the deficient leaf compared to the healthy leaf.
9:00 AMbient Intelligence Smart Home Automation (AMISHA) System
Justin Wei Kit Lim (University Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Manmeet Mahinderjit Singh (University Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia); Nurul Hashimah Ahamed Hassain Malim (Univerisiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
The soaring growth of the aged society, combined with the current advancements in technology, have led to the use of smart home technology to improve their quality of life and support their independent living. A prototype home control and monitoring system is being proposed to have their safety taken after, allowing the elderly to live independently as well as lessening the burden of caregivers. Caregivers will be able to monitor the daily lives of elderly citizens under their care effectively and in a noninvasive manner. In this work, we will be using Arduino and several other sensors, in an effort to provide around the clock monitoring of the elderly people. We have implement a smart home with prediction capability for aged society
9:15 Preliminary Study Results of Emotion Recognition by Using Facial Expression and Brainwave Signals
Radin Puteri Hazimah Radin Monawir (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Malaysia); Fairul Azni Jafar (Utsunomiya University, Japan); Zulhasnizam Hasan (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Malaysia)
Having a system that can recognize genuine emotion by using facial expression is quite a challenge emotion recognition studies. Most researchers only use fake emotion either in data base or testing phase since obtaining real emotion with spontaneous facial expression is very difficult. Therefore, in our pilot study, we aim to find optimum experimental set up and method to verified the authenticity of the facial expressions and obtaining spontaneous facial expression for our study. We use Emotiv Epoc, a brainwave detector to verify the authenticity of the facial expression produced. At the end of this pilot study, we successfully achieved our three objectives.
9:30 Faster Multicollisions Attack on Sponge Construction
Baraa Hammad (Universiti of Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Norziana Jamil (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, MALAYSIA, Malaysia); Mohammad Reza Z'aba (MIMOS Berhad, Malaysia); Mohd Ezanee Rusli (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Ismail Ahmed (University of Anbar, Iraq)
Multicollision attacks are sophisticated attacks that are analyzed in cryptographic hash functions. Previous works on multicollision report that the process of determining t-collisions where t > 2 is no more difficult than that of identifying 2-collisions. Kelsey and Schneier[17] improved the technique by using a fixed point to locate multicollision with the complexity 3 2n=2. However, this technique has been implemented only in the Merkle-Damgard construction. Moreover, no method has been applied to the sponge construction. In this paper, we revisit a recent multicollision attack on sponge construction and determine that sponge construction has no resistance against such attacks when c = n.
9:45 Extracting Value and Data Analytic of Social Network: Big Data Approach
Firman Arifin (Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia); Mochamad Hariadi (Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Tech. Surabaya, Indonesia); Muhammad Anshari (Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam)
The massive adoption of social networks and media have provided a means to extract value from the conversation taking place. Extracting value from social network enables organization to broaden their services beyond the usual practices, and thus provides a particular advantageous environment to achieve complex organization goals. The paper provides some of the empirical evidence about the potential impact of extracting value and data analytics from social networks using big data approach. Researchers have employed contents analysis for reviewing literatures in peer-reviewed journals and develop prototype for data analytics of users, topic, and time analytics. Regardless of the limitations of the study, the model and prototype have a great support for the capabilities of social networks in generating value for organization in understanding pattern or their potential users. The findings provide initial ideas and recommendation for a future direction of big data analytic focusing on social networks sources.

#### I4CT_DAY02_03: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 03

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chairs: Saiful Adli Ismail (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia), Mohd Hisyam Mohd Ariff (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia)
8:00 Energy Efficient Design of Optical DPSK Transmitter Using High Performance and High Range IO Standard
Bhagwan Das, Mohammad Faiz Liew Abdullah and Nor Shahida Mohd Shah (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia)
Optical transmitter is one of the key component in high-speed communication system. However, when optical transmitter is operated at high frequency, enormous power consumption and high leakage of power is incurred during transmission. This effect does not provide feasibility to realize optical transmitter in real time. In this work, energy efficient design optical Differential Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) transmitter is designed using High Performance (HP) and High Range (HR) IO Standards available on UltraScale Field Programming Gate Array (FPGA). The optical DPSK transmitter is operated at mid-infrared range of frequencies that includes 300 GHZ, 900 GHz, 15 THz and 30 THz. The proposed technique has reduced the overall, 97% power for optical DPSK transmitter at 300 GHz, 900 GHz, 15 THz and 30 THz mid-infrared range frequencies using High Speed Unterminated Logic (HSUL) IO Standard in comparison the power consumption of designed optical DPSK transmitter in Optisystem. Comparing power consumption with other IO Standards such as SSTL, HSTL and LVCMOS, HSUL is maximally reducing the power. When power consumption of HSUL based design of optical DPSK transmitter is compared with SSTL 96% power is reduced. In comparison, HSUL the power reduction is achieved for 90% and 36% in comparison HSTL IO and LVCMOS Standard respectively. The proposed design can be integrated with other components in optical communication system to provide green communication.
8:15 Authentication Mechanisms in a Control Grid Computing Environment Using Identity Based Identification (IBI)
Saiful Adli Ismail (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Md Asri Ngadi (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & UTM, Malaysia); Johan Sharif and Mohd Nazri Kama (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Highly critical authentication in Grid Computing systems required secured data transmission to be protected from unintended user and free from modification. The process of protecting data from unauthorized user known as cryptography while protecting the user data from modification can be achieved through verification process. However, most of the grid computing system is still using public key infrastructure (PKI) as an industry standard and certificate authority (CA) server to authenticate users to access the grid resources. Several works have been done enhancing RSA algorithm for grid authentication computing system. Though, none of the work has addressed specifically how to avoid the vulnerability. This paper proposed an alternative authentication mechanism using Identity based Identification (IBI) algorithm with a verification process to ensure the user identification, and carry out the experiment in the GridSim toolkit simulator.
8:30 Data Privacy Protection: A Study on Students Awareness of Personal Data Privacy Protection in an e-Health Environment
Fung Chen Lim (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Alif Aiman Seeni Mohamed (University Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia)
Investigating the underlying relationship between the existence of data protection framework in a country and its impact on e-health and how university students share and use personal information through an online medium. This research leads to the finding on the weakness that Malaysia PDPA 2010 have when it comes to the sharing of information in the electronic health sectors as well as the existence of the privacy paradox and its psychological influence on students when sharing personal information. Finding the weakness of PDPA 2010 in relation to the health industry would shed light on what is need to be done to remedy the problem. The analysis of the data from the research done on the students also measure student's awareness of the scope of data protection law in their country and their motivation in sharing their personal information on the internet. Results of the study will then be used to discuss and suggest improvements that are needed in the current iteration of data privacy law in Malaysia.
8:45 Adaptive Interest Packet Lifetime Due to Pending Interest Table Overflow
Raaid Alubady (Computer Science InterNetworks Research Laboratory, School of Computing & Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Suhaidi Hassan (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Adib Habbal (Universiti Utara Malaysia & School of Computing, Malaysia)
9:00 Radio Access Technology Selection for Future 5G Networks: A Context-aware Multi-Criteria Approach
Swetha Goudar (University Utara Malaysia & InterNetWorks Research Laboratory, Malaysia); Adib Habbal (Universiti Utara Malaysia & School of Computing, Malaysia); Suhaidi Hassan (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
Towards the Fifth Generation (5G) of wireless/mobile broadband, heterogeneity featured technology comprising of multi Radio Access Technologies (RAT) with stronger interplay for communication, computing and control. The mixed usage of the multi - RAT with different size cells and access points with diverse characteristics and technology creates a big challenge in RAT selection during the handover process from one technology to another. The traditional and legacy approach is based on the quality and strength of the signal. However, the research studies pioneering towards future 5G networks with the dense deployment of a base station and access points closely have revealed the single dimension of RAT selection is insufficient. Hence, this paper proposes a Context-aware Multi-Criteria approach for RAT selection. Also, few 5G scenarios are discussed where proposed approach can provide the best solution. This proposed conceptual approach aims to provide lesser delay and better throughput while utilizing the network resources and preserving user and network interest.
9:15 KLA-based Partitioning Mechanism for Inter-Domain Cost Minimization in Software Defined Networks
Shivaleela R Arlimatti (InterNetworks Research Laboratory, School of Computing & Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Suhaidi Hassan (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Adib Habbal (Universiti Utara Malaysia & School of Computing, Malaysia)
Software Defined Networking is an emerging paradigm in Internet communication world that increases the flexibility of today's networks by decoupling control plane and data plane of the network devices. The fundamental aim is to centralize the control to reduce the complexity of the networks. The communication medium between control and data plane is through OpenFlow protocol, an open standard network protocol designed to manage the network traffic by software programs. To increase the scalability and flexibility of controllers the OpenFlow controllers are distributed based on location and network types. However, most critical issue is minimizing the communication cost between the controller domains. In this paper, we study the Kernighan-Lin Algorithm based network Partitioning (KLAP) mechanism for inter-communication cost minimization between the controller domains. The implementation of the mechanism is under OMNeT++ simulation environment with INET framework and OpenFlow module. The obtained OMNeT++ results are evaluated using two network topologies such as Random and Abilene topology with the performance metrics average throughput and end-to-end delay.
9:30 Analysis Based on Dual Frequency Band Patch Antenna for RFID Readers
Mohd Hisyam Mohd Ariff (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Ismarani Ismail (University Technology MARA & UiTM, Malaysia)
This paper presents a development of microstrip patch antenna for handheld Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Reader Applications. The proposed antenna has a dual frequency of 921 MHz and 2450 MHz. Furthermore, this antenna design is made up on a rectangular patch with arms and partial ground plane which has size of 125 mm x 125 mm x 1.6 mm. Moreover, the substrate used in this project has thickness of 1.6 mm with dielectric constant of 4.7 and loss tangent of 0.019. Thus, it is easily embedded inside the handheld reader together with the characteristics of easy fabrication, low profile and simple structure. From the results, the antenna has the reflection coefficient (S11) less than -10dB along the bandwidth of 259 MHz (24%) for lower frequency region and 387 MHz (14%) for upper frequency regions.
9:45 Analysis Based on C Shaped Patch Antenna for UHF RFID Readers
Mohd Hisyam Mohd Ariff (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Ismarani Ismail (University Technology MARA & UiTM, Malaysia)
This paper presents a development of C shape patch antenna for Ultra High Frequency Identification (RFID) Reader Applications. The proposed antenna has simple structure, lightweight, low profile and easy for fabrication due to the used of FR-4 materials with thickness of 1.6 mm, dielectric constant of 4.7 and loss tangent of 0.019. It can be operated in UHF RFID system in Malaysia with the frequency allocated from 919 MHz to 923 MHz. The antenna simulation is analyzed by using CST Studio Suite 2013. From the results, the antenna has the reflection coefficient (S11) less than -10dB along with the bandwidth of 12.53 %. Furthermore, the result of antenna parameter such as radiation pattern, return loss, gain and voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) are also discussed. The overall size of the proposed antenna is 130 mm x 120 mm x 1.6 mm. Thus, it is suitable for handheld RFID reader applications

#### I4CT_DAY02_04: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 04

Room: 004 - ORKID ROOM
Chairs: Zulkifli Ahmad (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia), Badrul Mohamad (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & UniMAP, Malaysia)
8:00 Development of the Wireless Goniometer in Measuring Range of Motion for Lower Extremities
Zulkifli Ahmad (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Wong Fei Yong (UMP, Malaysia); Tan Choon Mong and Idris Mat Sahat (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Zakri Ghazalli (UMP, Malaysia)
Human range of motion (ROM) is a measurement of human movement capability in the kinesiology study. To measure ROM a device known as goniometer is used specifically in the joint angle measurement. However, the current measurement is manually measured in static condition was performed by the traditional goniometer device which operated in an analog scale. Therefore, the objective of this project is to develop a wearable electronic goniometer that integrates with Arduino microcontroller that sense and record the motion of patient's knee wirelessly. Device will display the motion of knee joint angle through Android mobile phone via Bluetooth module either in static or in dynamic conditions. In this case, potentiometer will act as a rotation sensor by interpreting the analog data obtained by Arduino. The potentiometer is attached to patient's leg will measure the knee joint angle as potentiometer rotated. The knee flexion angle was selected for analyses due to the importance of identifying the knee osteoarthritis problem in the lower extremities. In fact an experiment was conducted on the treadmill under walking condition with 1.5km/h speed. Results obtained from the device will be compared with the motion analysis data that will be recorded using high speed camera and Kinovea software specifically for angle measurement. It indicates that both methods can be used in determine ROM and the difference between data collected by both methods is just below than 3.4%. Hence, this study is potentially beneficial for the wireless monitoring system that can be applied in the sport and rehabilitation applications.
8:15 An Analysis of Performance for Commonly Used Interpolation Method
Badrul Mohamad (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & UniMAP, Malaysia); Shahrul Yaakob (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Rafikha Aliana Raof (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Amir Nazren Abdul Rahim (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Mohd Wafi Nasrudin (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
Interpolation is an imaging method that use to expand or reduced the number of pixels in a digital image. Basically, there are many way to perform an interpolation technique but in this research, only some method of interpolation techniques will be focus in order to acquire a high quality image after the image is enlarged. In this paper, nearest neighbor interpolation, bilinear interpolation and bicubic interpolation is analysed based on the image interpolation algorithms principle. The aim is to study the performance of these methods in term of quality image. Furthermore, the paper also provided some explanation for the methods as the concept that applied to calculate pixel value and how the image is magnified. At the end of the research, the performance of all interpolation algorithms is examined by making comparison based on the value of Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR) and visual inspection.
8:30 Model Development of Charge Equalization Controller for Lithium-Ion Battery
Md. Murshadul Hoque (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia); M A Hannan (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Azah Mohamed (National University of Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia)
The concept of electric vehicle (EV) has been developing as efficient and environ-friendly transportation by powering lithium-ion (li-ion) battery now-a-days. Although secondary li-ion batteries are highly attractive in EV energy storage application for their worthwhile features, their performances are degraded due to overcharge, undercharge and unequalization conditions when they are experienced with a number of charge-discharge cycles. To enhance the performance and to prevent the anomalies, the model development of charge equalization controller is necessary. This paper deals with the development of charge equalization controller model for li-ion battery with simple design and control using a bidirectional flyback DC-DC converter that protects the battery, and equalizes the batteries in series stack. The equalization results show the perfect equalization of battery with 15% SOC difference for overcharged and undercharged conditions.
8:45 A Rule-Based Mechanism for Detecting HTTP Denial of Service Attacks During Flash Crowd Event
Samer Al-saleem (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Selvakumar Manickam (Senior Lecturer, Malaysia); Mohammed Anbar and Ahmad Alnajjar (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Esraa Alomari (Wasit University & Wasit University, Iraq)
The Internet carries an expandable amount of information and services which lead to huge number of exchange traffic every day. This immoderate sociability brings some disturbance in the network. Flash Crowd attacks which is a DDoS-based attacks, that utilizing legitimate HTTP request to overwhelm victim resources considered a major disturbing attack to the online services users and providers. The attacker floods the victim with service requests that generated by (DDoS tools). The difficulty to detect the Flash Crowd attacks become more when Flash Event is also in present. For the reason of the a likeness of the two anomalies (Flash Crowd attack and the legitimate Flash Crowd) the attack can fly under the detection system. Our research aims to present a novel framework to detect Flash Crowd attacks that run in same time of Flash Crowd event. The purpose of this work is expected to improve the detection method of Flash Crowd Attacks and minimize the false positive and false negative requests.
9:00 Development of Dynamic Hypothesis of Tobacco Control Model for First Hand Smokers
Tisya Farida Abdul Halim (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Hasimah Sapiri (Universiti Utara Malaysia & College of Arts and Sciences, Malaysia); NorHaslinda Zainal Abidin (UUM, Malaysia)
This paper presents the development of a dynamic hypothesis of tobacco control model for first hand smokers in Malaysia. The hypothetical framework describing the main interacting variables and their relationship in influencing tobacco consumption was designed using subsystem diagram (SD). The tobacco control system involved six interrelated key variables, namely smoking population, influential factors of smoking, smoking-related diseases, smoking-related mortality, healthcare expenditure and tobacco control strategies. The framework highlighted the interconnections and feedback process embedded within the system that served as a basis in understanding the complexity of tobacco epidemic due to the interconnections of multiple variables that may range from biological to socioeconomic factors. This dynamic hypothesis was developed as a preliminary step towards the development of a dynamic simulation model that would enable the researcher as well as practitioners to gain insight about the complexity of the problem and to identify the dominant variables in assessing effective strategies in controlling tobacco consumption.
9:15 Implementation of Apriori Algorithm for a New Flood Area Prediction System
Nur Ashikin Harun (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia); Mokhairi Makhtar (University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia); Azwa Abdul Aziz and Mumtazimah Mohamad (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia); Zahratul Amani Zakaria (Universit Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia)
Frequent pattern mining, known as Apriori algorithm is a simple yet powerful mining algorithm that can be applied in databases to find the frequent itemsets. This paper implements the Apriori algorithm for predicting flood in the study area in Terengganu which contains 7 districts, each has attributes and instances that need to test. The attributes which are flood area, water level and flood status are supplied by the Malaysian Drainage and Irrigation Department from 2009 until 2014, for the month if November until March. The best rules generated from the datasets using Data Mining tools (WEKA) is then indicated to develop a new flood area prediction system. This research aims to help people especially in risky areas to get early warnings and save life and valuable belongings.
9:30 Dynamic Network Topology for Resource Discovery in Shared Computing Infrastructure
Massudi Mahmuddin (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Mowafaq Salem Alzboon (Universiti Utara Malaysia, InterNetworks Research Lab, School of Computing, Malaysia); Ahmad Suki Che Mohamed Arif (Universiti Utara Malaysia & InterNetWorks Research Lab, Malaysia)
We present a mechanis, namely a Self Resource Discovery Mechanism (SRDM) with the aim of offers scalable, decentralized resource discovery and load balancing for sharing computing via huge pools of various nodes. Primarily, SRDM hides the resources values for each node in the system in the configuration of the links linking the nodes. This distributed hiding or encoding is self-organized, where every node is controlling and managing its in-degree and restricted connectivity. Task of approaching employment node is with the most unused resources achieved. Simulations results show that our SRDM self-organized graph construction and extremely dynamic as well as have the ability to support load balance, heterogeneity in obtainable computing resources and maximum outburst in arriving query load.
9:45 Content Diversity in Information-Centric Network Caching
Ibrahim Abdullahi (InterNetworks Research Laboratory, School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia & 06010 UUM Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia); Ahmad Suki Che Mohamed Arif (Universiti Utara Malaysia & InterNetWorks Research Lab, Malaysia)
Internet as a dependent provider repository of saved information and resources is challenged through the request for heterogeneous content. This necessitated the need to lodge and save services and resources on different root servers. However, the semantics of the current Internet have given concern to Users diversifying their interest towards media driven data. These, along several issues generated the need for a new paradigm shift known as Information-centric networks. It has thus been submitted along its advantages, but predictor issues include excessive caching of similar contents resulting to low diversity in the entire network. This study used a mathematical formulation of graph-theory to palliate the aforementioned issue to improve the diversity of contents. The results obtained show our submitted PRECache approach outperformed the default approach to the mark of 80% against 20% and 49% for LCE and ProbCache respectively as the cache sizes varied.

#### I4CT_DAY02_05: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 05

Room: 005 - MELATI ROOM
Chairs: Salmi Abdul Ghani (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia), Nabilah Hamzah (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
8:00 Performance Comparison of Neural Network Parallelization Techniques and Its Application for Large Data Classification
Mumtazimah Mohamad (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia); Mokhairi Makhtar (University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia); Mohd Nordin Abd Rahman and Roslinda Muda (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia)
The parallelization of artificial neural network (ANN) classification for large data is still an open issue where the capability ANN is limited by the computing time and complexity rather than sample size. Training associated error usually get slower in order to find learning gradient direction that lead to time consumption and higher cost. Most of ANN parallelization focuses on application of physical or hardware strategy rather than the improvement of algorithm in order to optimize the classification. This paper proposes the enhancement of parallel ANN algorithm in order to obtain improved the performance classification and scalability. The classification task is enforced by individual cluster-based using partitioning method which represents a cluster of ANN classifiers. The classifier is developed based on back propagation ANN which adapts and test several training protocol of three different algorithms as a whole that gives variety of performances. Result shows significant improved of performance for speedup to more than 95% with complexity of O(n^k). The results also proved that the proposed technique of scalability is efficient for ANN generalization ability for large dataset.
8:15 Green Technology Wrist Band with Patient Identification Near Field Communication (NFC) or Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Security Features
Waidah Ismail (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia); Muhammad Mursyidan Mah Dahwi (Mr., Malaysia); Radhi Rafiee Afandi (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia); Azlan Husin (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Rosline Hassan (School of Medical Sciences, USM Malaysia, Malaysia); Mahadi Bahari (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Every now and then, our lives are influenced by the development of technologies and this had changed the perception of business in several ways. Now the world is focusing on wireless devices that can be developed to have exchange of data either using internet or not. Near Field Communication (NFC) is one of the devices that has the capability to securely exchange data with its paired devices and Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) is developed to broadcast a unique identifying number upon request. This paper concentrates on the security element in the NFC and RFID in the implementation of NFC technology in blood transfusion ; to solve the problems of human error and to avoid from transfusing different blood types than the ones actually needed by the patient. The information in the wrist tag should be synchronized with the current hospital system. This NFC technology is also for reducing the use of paper-based documents, consequently promoting green technology. As a result, choosing the NFC or RFID based on the security features is very important for patient identification as well as moving towards green technology.
8:30 Effect of Delay Requirement in MAC Protocol for WBAN Application
Rae Hyun Kim (Kyungpook National University & Advanced Dental Device Development Institute, Korea); Bangwon Seo (Kongju National University, Korea); Jeong Gon Kim (Korea Polytechnic University, Korea)
Recently, the application range of WBAN has been gradually expanding due to the advanced wireless telecommunication techniques and the activated ubiquitous environment. WBAN is a network environment in which various types of medical or non-medical signal created directly or indirectly in and out of the body are measured and processed for transmission to various mobile device nearby. The MAC protocol proposed in this paper is in form of TDMA based technique in CSMA/CA environment. The proposed scheme applies the maximum delay restriction to each type of data packets in order to deal with the delayed packets due to the collision from the transmission of two or more packets at the same time. We compare the packet delay with the random selection based scheme according to the variation of total offered data traffic. The effect to the packet delay is analyzed in case we consider the delay requirement and the adaptive scheme is needed to cope with the high and mixed data traffic in future WBAN based network environment.
8:45 Preliminary Investigation on Human Haptic Emotion for Robot Sensing Application
Shafiyah Abd Rashid (UTeM, Malaysia); Fairul Azni Jafar (Utsunomiya University, Japan)
Nowadays, most robots are nearly deaf and blind. Robots can't feel what they touch. Therefore, it makes difficulties for them to differentiate between structures of surfaces. Besides that, they cannot understand human feeling and emotion as well. One differentiator that's always differentiating humans from robots is our capability to sense vibration, temperature and feel the touching. Does everyone feel the same feeling when they touch the same surface? Thus, it will be further discussed in this research work by giving a questionnaire to selected participants. A questionnaire is constructed based on human reaction and feeling when they touching some certain surface of material. When the experiment is conducted, each participant will touch each type of sample without see the sample in order to get the consistent result. After the experiments complete, the data from each participant is compiled by producing a bar chart for visual aided in this research work. The study knowledge of feeling and emotion is needed because this research work would like to investigate the relationship between emotion and touching sensing for average human in conjunction to application on robots technology.
9:00 Classification of Normal and Stress Groups Among Females Based on EEG Signals by Using Artificial Neural Network
Nor Atiqah Thafa’i and Salmi Abdul Ghani (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Norliza Zaini (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia)
Stress is an emotional state that is common to each and every one of us. Moderate level of stress can lead to positive outcomes such as motivational boost but too much of stress may lead to negative effects that may harm our body. This study is conducted to explore an alternative method to identify the sign of stress among females by analyzing EEG signals between subjects with and without stress. Our research activities include collecting EEG data from subjects and performing classification on the EEG signals by using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classifier. Input data that was fed to this classifier is in the form of Energy Spectral Density (ESD) features extracted from the recorded EEG signals. The aim of this study is to determine whether ANN is able to perform classification by distinguishing EEG signals of females with and without stress. In addition, the significant of brain region features as inputs to the classifier is also studied. Based on the conducted analysis, it is shown that using whole brain region compared to only frontal region gave high accuracy measures in classifying females with and without stress; i.e. based on ESD feature as inputs.
9:15 Classification of EEG Signals by Using Support Vector Machine to Distinguish Different Hand Motor Movements
Nabilah Hamzah, Norazleen Zainal Abidin and M. Salehuddin Shafien (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Norliza Zaini and Maizura Mohd Sani (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia)
Brain Computer Interface (BCI) is a new emerging technology that provides an alternative medium for communication where human brain (via Electroencephalography signal) can communicate with computers or other electronic peripherals. Physical body activities such as lifting hands directly affect the EEG signals being generated by the brain. For different hand movements, different brainwave patterns can be detected. In this context, our research objective is to compare between Power Spectral Density (PSD) and Energy Spectral Density (ESD) features extracted from the EEG signals to be used as inputs in classifying the different patterns to distinguish different motor movement; i.e. lifting left and right hand. The classification will be done by using Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. Based on the analysis performed, the result shows that the classification done based on PSD data input has led to higher accuracy value when compared to classification based on ESD data as input.
9:30 Embedded System for Automatic Plant Irrigation Using Raspberry-Pi (APLIRasPi)
Mohd Jais (School of Computer and Communication Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP), Malaysia); Iszaidy Ismail (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Badlishah R Ahmad (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia); Shuhaizar Daud (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
Nowadays, an irrigation system in Malaysia mainly uses an irrigation system manually. With this method, water consumption is rather wasted because each soil requires different quantities of water. Similarly, in terms of working on high energy consumption. The purpose of this research work is to upgrade it to the automatic irrigation system using a single board computer (SBC) which is Raspberry-Pi (RasPi). Thus, by upgrading the irrigation system to automatic, there are various pros and recovery can be achieved. Using an automatic irrigation system, farmers can save time and cost. Farmers are also able to control irrigation pumps automatically or by using cell phones or other electronic devices anywhere and anytime through web based. The system also uses soil moisture sensor to detect the humidity of soil. Each soil has a certain moisture level.
9:45 A Review on Optimization of Control Strategy on Paralleled Connected Inverters in an Islanded Microgrids
Nurul Husna Abd. Wahab (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
Optimization in control method of microgrids attracted a great deal of attention of many researchers nowadays. In obtaining a robust controller that is able in improving the quality of load power sharing and reducing losses thus increasing the performance and reliability of microgrids especially in islanded mode, droop based method is seem to be a popular option in many ways. The optimization methods justify the level of performance of a microgrid by enabling a robust control in controlling active and reactive power in ensuring stability, voltage regulation, as well as prevent the occurrence of circulating current. This paper strives to bring to light the review of control strategies involved in paralleled connected inverters, obstruction in implementing droop method, and which optimization approaches were applied to empower the microgrid. An overview control in islanded microgrid is also presented.

### Wednesday, April 20, 11:00 - 13:00

#### SOSHUM_DAY02_01: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 01

Room: 001 - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1
Chairs: Musli Sahimi (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia), Germania Vayas (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Ecuador)
11:00 Workplace Happiness, Transformational Leadership and Affective Commitment
Ling Ying Leh, Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah and Chen Siew Peng (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
The aim of the study was to identify the influence of workplace happiness as mediator of the relationship between transformational leadership and affective commitment. A total of 835 teachers were randomly selected from 167 national secondary schools from three states in the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Kedah and Perlis). Research data was collected from respondents using a set of questionnaire consists of three sections. Questionnaire translated from Pryce-Jones (2010) was used to identify workplace happiness. Anandan (2010) questionnaire was used to measure transformational leadership while Tengku Ahmad (2010) questionnaire was used to measure affective commitment. The collected data was analysed using school analysis unit. Research findings showed that transformational leadership has direct influence towards workplace happiness as well as affective commitment. In addition, workplace happiness has successfully become significant predictor towards affective commitment. Research findings have also proved that workplace happiness was able to act as significant mediator in relationship between transformational leadership and affective commitment.
11:15 Motivating Factors Contributing to Young Social Entrepreneurs' Intention to Start Social Activities
Renne Pramila a/p Punadi Punadi (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Adriana Mohd Rizal Mohd Rizal (University Teknologi Malaysia); Suzilawati Kamarudin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia); Maizaitulaidawati Md Husin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Literature on entrepreneurship mainly focuses on business entrepreneurship than social entrepreneurship. In fact, most studies are centered on large-scale businesses and professional entrepreneurs to create social transformation in the community. Literature on entrepreneurship suggests that entrepreneurs' motivation to contribute to social wellbeing is influenced by internal and external factors. Research on entrepreneurial intention has received utmost attention by scholars. Nonetheless, research on intention of social entrepreneur is scant. This is important as social entrepreneurs' intentions are somewhat differing from business entrepreneurs' due to the objectives of the venture endeavor. The objective of this study is to review the social intention literature within the context of young social entrepreneur. This study also proposes a conceptual model to further understand the motivational factors contributing to young social entrepreneurs' intention to start social activities. This model, which enhances understanding of social intention among young social entrepreneurs, enriches the theories of social entrepreneurship.
11:30 The Role of Management Capabilities on Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Growth Relationship
Musli Sahimi (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia); Adriana Mohd. Rizal and Maizaitulaidawati Md Husin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Suzilawati Kamarudin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia)
The objective of this study is to review the literature on entrepreneurial orientation, firm growth and management capabilities within the context of university spin-off firms. The concept of firm orientation by Miller (1983) was expanded further by other scholars and gradually came to be known as entrepreneurial orientation. Despite its coverage and emphasis, the concept lacks theoretical basis and contextual study that could enhance its understanding. This study proposes a conceptual model to further realise the influence of managerial capabilities on firm growth n and entrepreneurial orientation relationship.
11:45 Family Firm Behavior and Resources, Exploration and Exploitation Strategies Toward Innovation in Family Business
Norshamsiah Ibrahim (University of Technology Malaysia, Malaysia); Adriana Mohd. Rizal and Maizaitulaidawati Md Husin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Suzilawati Kamarudin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia)
The importance of family firm innovation in the economic growth has led to the increasing of scholars' attention to the researches on innovation management in family firms. Despite the unique behaviour of family firms, which gives an advantage in becoming innovative, some of the family firms are reluctant to invest in innovation due to high commitment in human skills, financial resources, and high technology. A research on innovation in family firms is important in understanding the family firms' behaviour in innovation and improving their current strategy to sustain in the market. The objective of this study is to review the innovation literature in the family firms. This study also proposes a conceptual model to further understand the link between exploration and exploitation strategies with the family firm behaviour and resources for successful innovation.
12:00 Effective Sales Training in a Direct Selling Organization
Engku Badreena Engku Mohamad Zaki and Adriana Mohd. Rizal (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Suzilawati Kamarudin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia); Maizaitulaidawati Md Husin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Musli Sahimi (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia)
The study examined the effectiveness of sales training in a direct selling organization. Using a three stage model of effective training, sales managers determined the training needs assessment, transfer of training and training evaluation. Interview respondents consist of sales managers who are responsible to manage the sales force. When all three-assessment stages are applied to plan for an effective sales training, sales managers can take continuous actions to improve and increase the value of sales training. Based on the analysis, a one to one approach is very important in conducting training needs assessment and transfer of training. Training evaluation is not only able to measure unit sales but also gauge improved sales skills. This study also provides implications to management and the agenda for future research.
12:15 Behavior Characterization of Members of the Specialized Units of the National Police of Ecuador in Situations of Conflict
Germania Vayas (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Ecuador); Andrea Pico and Betsy Ilaja (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador Sede Ambato, Ecuador)
At different public or private institutions there are many types of occupational hazards, among them, psychosocial ones which affect the performance and that can be prevented with the application of different coping strategies. Additionally, those hazards can affect the collaborator's health and cause in them an intention to leave. The National Police consists of specialized units and because of the nature of their work, they are exposed to a higher rate of psychosocial risks which is why it is necessary for them to know coping techniques which are applied during stressful situations. This is why this work was developed with the Antinarcotics and Criminalistics units.
12:30 Commercial Potential of University Patents Through PCT Application
Petr Zdralek (University of Hradec Kralove, Faculty of Informatics and Management, Czech Republic); Růžena Štemberková (University of Hradec Králové & University of Hradec Králové, Czech Republic); Pavla Matulova (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic); Petra Maresova (University of Hradec Kralove, Faculty of Informatics and Management, Czech Republic); Kamil Kuca (University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
Technology transfer is the process of technologies developed by universities or by other government's institutions to ensure that scientific and technological developments are accessible to a wider range of users who can then further develop and exploit the technology into new products, processes, applications, materials or services. The best transferable results are patents. The aim of the study is to introduce new system of commercialization of patented inventions, where transferring inventions into marketable products could be more efficient than it is now. If technology transfer office manager determines that an invention has sufficient internationally commercial potential, university will probably choose to file a Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) application on an invention. This study try to evaluate commercial potential of university patenting through participation of PCT application in patent portfolio and a country's degree of concentration of PCT application filings.
12:45 Exploring Transparency, Trust and Social Media Towards Organization's Reputation Risks: A Conceptual Framework
Mohd Zailani Othman (Graduate School of Business & Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Salmi Mohd Isa (Graduate School of Business, Malaysia)
The rise of the social media is rapidly changing how organizations go about with their daily business. Reputation risk is one of the key business activities that all organizations need to deal with and it is an increasingly important area of concern in today's business world. Due to the existence of the social media, reputation risk has expanded and become more dynamic. It is currently the priority list in the organization's business risk. The consequences of the social media could affect the activities of an organization; and its stakeholder's trust and expectations. It is important for organizations to be attentive of what the stakeholders mention about them in the social media. The stakeholders are looking for the truth about the organization such as transparency and consistency. The aim of this conceptual paper is to discuss the elements of transparency and trust with regards to reputation risk between the organization and stakeholder relationship. This relationship predictably is mediated by the social media as one of the variables. Propositions to guide for further research are also developed.

#### SOSHUM_DAY02_02: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 02

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chairs: Moon-Soo Kim (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Korea), Ivana Simonova (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
11:00 On the Visit Rate to ESP Online Courses Enhancing Learners´ Grades
Ivana Simonova and Petra Poulova (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
The paper deals with the use of online courses for teaching/learning English for Specific Purposes. It particularly answers the question whether there exists any correlation between the visit rate to the course and students´ assessment (the grades after passing the courses). More than 500 technical and engineering students of IT study programmes from the Faculty of Informatics and Management (FIM), University of Hradec Kralove, participated in the research. The results detected rather strong correlation, which is one of criteria approving the use of online courses in foreign language learning.
11:15 Utilization of Social Applications as a Way of Students' Engagement Into a Learning Process
Miloslava Cerna (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
Social software applications have got firmly embedded in the process of education at all levels of the national educational system as they open the door to new channels of communication, conveying knowledge, developing, storing and sharing materials in the virtual space. Real world is being enriched with the virtual space. It is valued for creativity and innovations it enables and fosters. The paper contributes to the exploration of utilization of Web 2.0 phenomenon in the university setting with students of financial and information management. The goal of this paper is to map real situation relating to utilization of social applications with focus on students´ active cooperation. The sub-goal aims at identifying trends in utilization of social applications for studying languages at the beginning and at the end of the semester within the compulsory subject Professional English.
11:30 On Measurement of Multidisciplinarity Index in Engineering Education
Moon-Soo Kim (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Korea)
Although there have been lots of theoretical, empirical studies delved into the issue of technological convergence across industries with examining the measurement of the degree of such convergence, studies explored or exploring the concept of interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary convergence in disciplines of university are relatively few. Therefore, developing an indicator or index enabling the measurement of the degree of multidisciplinarity of educational courses in university would be the starting point toward theoretical or empirical studies on the pedagogy of university particularly facing the situation for students especially participating in capstone courses provided by engineering colleges in need of multidisciplinary knowledge for them to solve their real problems. Based on the existing studies examined indicators of technological convergence, we define the multidisciplinarity of the capstone design project team as integration of variety, balance, and disparity of disciplines and then propose the index enabling the measurement of the degree of multidisciplinarity. In addition, the index for the capstone design project team in industrial engineering is identified to present the applicability thereof in current capstone courses.
11:45 An Assessment of the Physical Factors That Influence Reading Habit Among Adult Group in Suburban Area of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Nurul Syafinaz Sulaiman (Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design & International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia); Mansor Ibrahim, Khairusy Syakirin Has-Yun Hashim and Ismail Jasmani (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia); Rahimi Md. Saad (University of Malaya, Malaysia)
12:00 Assessing Students' Performance: The Application of Operations Management Performance Spreadsheet (OMPS)
Mohd Aidil Riduan Awang Kader (Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Malaysia); Musramaini Mustapha (Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM Pahang), Malaysia); Mohd Faizal Che Harun (Lecturer, Malaysia); Nor Khairunnisa Mat Yunus (Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM) Pahang, Malaysia); Suhanom Mohd Zaki (Faculty of Business Management, Malaysia)
This paper proposed the Operations Management Performance Spreadsheet (OMPS) as a tool to assess students' performance in the course of Operations Management. Operations Management is one of challenging courses offered to diploma and degree level students of the Faculty of Business Management, UiTM. This is because students need to study both the business operation theories and calculations. Due to the course difficulty, OMPS was developed to improve students' understanding as well as their performances. From this study, the impact of OMPS application among diploma students at UiTM Pahang was explored and gathered. The findings showed a decrease on students' failure rate which was less than 3 percent in 2014. Furthermore, the use of OMPS in the course showed a positive outcome as it permitted students' and lecturer's opinions towards the application of OMPS, as the contract in fixing the passing rate by allowing lecturer's interventions wherever necessary and an alternative approach in Operations Management course. The proposed OMPS approach could be considered as a useful and effective assessment tool in providing feedback towards enhancing students' performance.
12:15 The Social Networking Services as Knowledge Sharing Tools A Study Among Post-Graduate Students
Irwan Kamaruddin Abd Kadir (UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA); Ap-azli Bunawan and Mohd Ridwan Seman (MARA University of Technology, Malaysia); Mohd Razilan Abdul Kadir (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
This paper has highlighted the level of social networking services (SNS) usage as part of knowledge sharing tool at Faculty of Information Management, University Technology MARA (UiTM). Social networking environment covered a wide range of functionalities and support of different sets of knowledge sharing activities. This is lead to the difficulties to identify the level of usage on social network services among the postgraduate student. Thus, it is also to proof the significant impact towards the knowledge sharing tools. Using questionnaires survey and data analysis, this paper has includes the aspect on demographic influences and level of social network usage in terms of knowledge sharing. Then, as a finding, level of social networking usage shows the social networking is part of knowledge sharing tools. As a conclusion, based on the findings and dimension driven in this study, it has show the social networking services has contribute to knowledge sharing activities.
12:30 Determining Factors Contributing to Road Traffic Accident in UiTM Pahang
Suhanom Mohd Zaki (Faculty of Business Management, Malaysia); Mohd Faizal Che Harun (Lecturer, Malaysia); Sharifah Norhuda Syed Wahid (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Noor Affeeda Ramli (Faculty of Business Management, Malaysia); Nor Khairunnisa Mat Yunus (Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM) Pahang, Malaysia)
Road traffic accidents is the leading cause of death by injury and the tenth leading cause of all deaths globally and now make up a surprisingly significant portion of the worldwide burden of ill health. These accidents involved not only in larger area, but also happened in the campus. Due to this situation, this study was conducted to identify most important factors that contribute to road accidents in the campus and also provide solutions that might help in reducing the road accidents. To meet the objectives of this study, 387 respondents were randomly selected among the students and staffs at Universiti Teknologi MARA (Pahang), focused on the main campus, Jengka. The SPSS 20.0 software used to analyze the data including frequency, descriptive and correlational analysis. From this study, a conclusion can be made that the high number of road accidents occurred in the campus are majorly caused by the current traffic system implied in the campus area. To overcome this problem, the recommended solutions are to implement more systematic road signage, two main gates and one way street.
12:45 Factors Influencing Entrepreneurial Intention and the Moderating Role of Entrepreneurship Education: A Conceptual Model
Siti Farhah Fazira Shamsudin and Abdullah Al Mamun (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia); Noorshella Binti Che Nawi, Noorul Azwin Binti Md Nasir and Mohd Nazri Bin Zakaria (Senior Lecturer, Malaysia)
Entrepreneurship is regarded as one of the key economic development strategies to advance a country's economic growth and to sustain its competitiveness in facing the increasing trends of globalization. Entrepreneurship education is then considered one of the key instruments that increase the entrepreneurial attitudes of potential entrepreneurs. Since entrepreneurial intention has been proven to be one of the primary and highest predictors of entrepreneurial behavior, exploring the causes behind students' entrepreneurial intentions should be given special consideration. This paper therefore aims to review factors that influence entrepreneurial intention namely entrepreneurial traits, family background, supportive environment, and entrepreneurship barrier. In addition, it also aims to review the moderating role of entrepreneurship education on the relationship between entrepreneurial traits and entrepreneurial intention. Finally, a conceptual model is proposed based on the review.

#### SOSHUM_DAY02_03: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 03

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chairs: Intan Baizura A. Ghani (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia), Siti Norfariza Sunari (Mrs, Malaysia)
11:00 Assessing Challenges Among University Undergraduates: A Case of Universiti Sains Malaysia
Ahmad Zamri Khairani (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Mohd Effendi Ewan Mohd Matore (Politeknik Sultan Azlan Shah, Malaysia)
The purpose of this study is to assess challenges faced by Malaysian university students in four aspects, namely, academics, personal, social and career as well as university's infrastructure. 237 second year students from a local public university provide responses for this study. A 30-item questionnaire based on Mooney Problem Check List was developed to gauge the responses. Results show that academic challenges are the most pressing (M=2.66, SD=.458) compared followed by social and career challenges (M=2.65, SD=.473) and university's infrastructure (M=2.30, SD=.279). The students seem to acknowledge that they have less personal challenges (M=2.22, SD=.411). While most of the challenges are also documented by other previous studies, the present study is able to unearth some new challenges for the undergraduates.
11:15 Entrepreneurship Education and Students' Career Choice
Abdullah Al Mamun and Shaw Pui Fong (Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia); Noorshella Binti Che Nawi (Senior Lecturer, Malaysia)
Entrepreneurship is regarded as one of the key economic development strategies to advance a country's economic growth and to sustain its competitiveness in facing the increasing trends of globalization. This study aimed to explore the effects of entrepreneurship education on the development of self-confidence and students' career choice as an entrepreneur. Findings of this study noted a positive significant effect of the entrepreneurial curriculum and content, and entrepreneurial internship programs on student's self-confidence. Findings also noted a positive and significant effect of the university's role in promoting entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial internship programs, and self-confidence on students' career choice as an entrepreneur. Findings of this study therefore provide a clear indication to academicians and academic policy makers about the effectiveness of the current entrepreneurial education programs designed and practiced by public universities in Malaysia.
11:30 A Review on the Development of Algebraic Thinking Through Technology
Algebraic thinking is about the ability of students to analyze, make generalizations, solve problems, predict, justify, and prove as well as modelling some situations. Many contemporary educators encourage the teaching and learning of algebraic thinking with technology as an alternative to non-computer approaches. This research paper discussed the effects of developing algebraic thinking through technology at the school and tertiary levels. Finally, it was recommended that, a further study on developing algebraic thinking through technology be conducted in-depth to include the characteristics of algebraic thinking.
11:45 Rationale for the Performance-Based Research Fund At Malaysian Higher Education Institutions
Abd Rahman Ahmad and Ng Kim-Soon (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Siti Norfariza Sunari (Mrs, Malaysia); Alan Farley (Victoria University, Australia); Russayani Ismail (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
Research environment in higher education institutions has undergo some changes in recent years and performance-based research funding system (PBRF) is one of the system that have been introduced in few countries. Methods of the system that introduced in each countries were different eventually, however the research funding system's nature is same that it will be based on performance basis. In Malaysia, the government plans to introduce performance-based research funding with purpose to make public universities to become more competitive in order to get external funds as a benchmark of quality in their research programs. In line with enhancement of R&D in Malaysia and trends shown in academic system internationally, the shift toward the system in funding to the HEIs could be more focus on performance of quality research outputs
12:00 Illuminative Approach in Evaluation of Curriculum of Chinese Literature Department
Yi Ying Liem (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia); Tirta Mursitama (BINUS University, Indonesia)
This paper describes the evaluation of curriculum of Chinese Literature major at Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia. This curriculum is a combination of the face-to-face and distance learning by relying on IT in the delivery of education called Multi Channel Learning (MCL). Curriculum evaluation is based on the Illuminative method. In this paper, the authors describe the advantages and disadvantages of the Chinese Literature major curriculum. The collection of information is done by observation and interviews from February 2014 to February 2015. The authors conclude that not all subjects can be done in virtual or 'off class'. The conversation class, reading and grammar should be done face to face because students need the guidance of a lecturer to correct the error tone and pronunciation when communicating and reading as well as in composing a sentence that is related to Chinese grammar. In addition, new technology in teaching Chinese language for foreign students should be introduced to overcome this problem.
12:15 Effects of Concept Mapping in Laboratory Learning Activities to Generate Students' Higher Order Thinking Skills in Electrolysis
Intan Baizura A. Ghani, Noraffandy Yahaya and Nor Hasniza Ibrahim (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Mohamed Noor Hasan (UTM, Malaysia); Johari Surif (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & UTM, Malaysia)
Concept maps are one of the medium with potentials to stimulate students' higher order thinking skills in learning process. Therefore, this study was carried out to identify the impact of the use of concept maps as an alternative assessment tool in laboratory learning activities towards students' achievement in answering higher order questions of Electrolysis. A total of 32 secondary school students were involved in this study. Data were collected using comprehension test of Electrolysis, comprising four highest level of cognitive dimension in Revised Taxonomy Bloom. The results of the study showed that, the use of concept maps as an alternative assessment tool in laboratory activities could improve students' higher order thinking skills. In addition, students and teachers involved gave positive feedback to the use of concept maps as an alternative assessment tool in the laboratory learning activities.
12:30 Student's Higher Order Thinking Skills and Its Relationship to Problem Posing Ability
The purposes of this study were, to identify students' higher order thinking skills and their problem posing ability, as well as to ascertain relationships between them. The study, comprising a total of 28 secondary school students as respondents, used two instruments, namely, A Higher Order Thinking Skills Test and A Mathematical Problem Posing Instrument. The results of the study revealed that, students' achievements in both higher order thinking skills and their ability in posing mathematics problem were moderate with a mean score of 49.46 (s.d 12.64) and 48.57 (s.d 35.45) respectively, while the relationships between these two variables were also moderately correlated, with r= 0.515 (p <0.05).
12:45 Comparative Study Between Flipped Learning and Flex Model in ESL Classroom
Farah Idayu Mohd Salleh (University of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia); Harmi Izzuan Baharum (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Sarimah Shamsudin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
This conceptual paper describes the comparison between flipped learning and flex model in the classroom. It is different from traditional approach where teachers/lecturers give the lecture first followed by exercises in the classroom. This paper has been divided into several categories such as flipped learning, flex model, the advantages and disadvantages of flipped learning, the advantages and disadvantages of flex model, how to learn English using flipped and flex model and followed by conclusion. By doing the comparison, this paper shows the most comprehensive teaching style where it would help the teachers/lecturers to implement in their teaching. From the comparative study, it can be seen that flipped model is suitable to use in ESL classroom as the students are not necessarily go to the Language Lab to learn English. Activities also can be done in the classroom itself. Students watch the video prior to the lesson and discuss about the lesson or do some activities in the classroom according to the topic given. It will save time both teachers and students as they can focus more on problem-solving activities rather than listening to the lecture. Teachers can monitor students' performance during class activities and they can also facilitate and help the weak students. As this research not covering all 4 main models of blended learning, future research can be focused at the whole model of blended learning from various aspects.

#### SOSHUM_DAY02_04: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 04

Room: 004 - ORKID ROOM
Chairs: Ferdinal Asmin (Bogor Agricultural University & West Sumatra Forestry Agency, Indonesia), Changsong Wang (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
11:00 Elaborating the Attributes of Local Ecological Knowledge: A Case Study of Parak and Rimbo Practices in Koto Malintang Village
Ferdinal Asmin (Bogor Agricultural University & West Sumatra Forestry Agency, Indonesia); Dudung Darusman, Iin Ichwandi and Didik Suharjito (Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia)
Research on local ecological knowledge (LEK) or traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) has been getting a lot of attention from researchers, but there are many discourses in terms of epistemology and methodology which can cause the delegitimation of community knowledge in forestry policies. We assessed the importance of elaborating the attributes of LEK and TEK as a way to describe a community knowledge comprehensively and holistically. This research uses case study methods to describe the practices and existences of parak and rimbo in Koto Malintang Village, West Sumatra Province. We collected data and information by conducting unstructured interviews, observations, and documents selection which were analysed with categorization and codification and were complemented with history analysis, spatial analysis, and related document analysis. The results showed that community knowledge can be categorized in the attributes of LEK and TEK as a unified whole of local knowledge on natural resources management and suggest 2 ways to improve the national and local forestry policies, especially the social forestry strategies, by promoting village spatial planning and encouraging participatory institutions.
11:15 The Cinematic Portrayal of Cultural Identity in the Malaysian Top-grossing Movie - The Journey
Changsong Wang (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Yiming Chen (Jinan University, P.R. China)
This research investigates how multiculturalism interacts with sub-state nationalism as portrayed in the Malaysian top-grossing film The Journey directed by Chiu Keng Guan in 2014. It inevitably gives attention to particular Malaysian cultural norms and nuances. The nature of Malaysian society and its colonial history might suggest that cultural interaction among its three major races is a norm, but this study argues that the culture of these three major races as portrayed in the fictional film is made up of "systems of representations"; such systems of representations do not reflect the intentions of the subjects, but rather, actively construct meanings as conditions and instruments, signifying practice in reality. The application of in-depth interviews (e.g., the film director and the screenplay writer) discovered cultural identity depicted in the film as always having a specific 'positionality' within their representation, and the ideological struggle of multicultural nationalism embedded in the film is considered 'non-subjective'. The authors believe that every culture is local, but no culture is autochthonous, and cultural identity illustrated in the film can be regarded as 'uniqueness of the soil'.
11:30 A Comparative Study on Viewers' Perceptions of the Portrait of the MH370 Incident by the Social Media in Malaysia and China
Changsong Wang (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Yiming Chen (Jinan University, P.R. China); Jamilah Hj Ahmad (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Jinsheng Zhang (Jinan University, P.R. China)
The MH370 incident demonstrated an unprecedented international humanitarian response from the technology sector. This study attempted to have a deep insight about online users' perceptions towards the portrait of this incident by the social media in Malaysia and China. Social networking sites such as Facebook (in Malaysia), Weibo (in China) and Wechat (in China), become the public opinion field that illustrates sorts of openness and negotiation in Malaysia and China. This study argued the technical and social knowledge to work with social media represents a steep learning curve for crisis managers who are used to working with traditional new media, as there is a significant relationship between empowerment of social media and effectiveness of crisis communication. The result of survey indicated different level of engagement with the content posted on social media in these two countries. This study proposes social media strategies that will be an integral part of any organization's plan to respond to an accident or major incident.
11:45 Challenges to Effective Implementation of Statutory Adjudication in Malaysia
Nur Ilylia Iryani Mohamed Nasir, Zulhabri Ismail and Nasyairi Mat Nasir (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
Consistent, accurate and timely payment are really important to the construction industry. Cashflow, taken as the 'lifeblood' of a construction project distinguishes the project's development and achievements. In recent years, there has been a growing number of disputes arose in a project, many which are issues related to securing payment when its due. Alternative dispute resolutions have gained their importance as counter measures to these disputes, which includes adjudication procedures. Malaysia is the latest addition in legislating adjudication in the construction industry within Commonwealth countries with the enactment of CIPAA in 2014. Upholding the same principles to allow for better cashflow in a construction project, CIPAA is seen to be the answer to this long lost battle by deprived claimants. This paper is a review of the background of statutory adjudication in Malaysia, the challenges that is currently faced and its effect to the implementation of statutory adjudication in Malaysia in achieving its core objectives.
12:00 Disclosure of Executive Directors' Remuneration From Multiple Theoretical Lenses and Cultural Perspective
Siti Seri Delima Abdul Malak (School of Accountancy & UUM, Malaysia); Nor Afifah Shabani and Ooi Sue Chern (UUM, Malaysia)
This study examines the disclosure of executive directors' remuneration in Malaysian from agency theory, legitimacy and cultural perspective during the years of 2000, 2001, 2008 and 2011, a period of regulatory reforms. From an agency perspective, the result shows that family owners continued to be a major obstacle in ensuring adequate disclosure. However, government ownership is found to encourage transparency. The results also pinpoint or lean towards weaknesses in the strength and independence of corporate governance mechanisms in the Malaysian market. Consistent with legitimacy theory, bigger companies disclose more on executive directors' remuneration. From a cultural perspective, the results supported the notion that Malay executive directors being Muslim would promote greater transparency compared to the Chinese directors.
12:15 The Impact of Work Family Conflict on Wellbeing Among Male Employees
R. Zirwatul Aida R. Ibrahim (UMT, Malaysia); Azlina Abu Bakar (University Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia); Mazidah Mohd Dagang (Umt, Malaysia)
Concerns about the detrimental effect of work family conflict on wellbeing have been raised widely by Western researchers but a few research in Eastern collectivistic societies particularly Malaysia. The current study investigates the association of work family conflict on employees' wellbeing (job satisfaction and family satisfaction). A survey approach was used as a method of quantitative data collection involving 95 responded to the questionnaires. The results of multiple regression analysis revealed that family to work conflict (FWC) was the salient predictor of male wellbeing that significantly correlated with job satisfaction and life satisfaction. This study contributes to the corpus of literature on employee wellbeing as well as the practical implication to the organisations.
12:30 Financial Liberalization and Divisia Money Demand in Indonesia
R Sianturi and A Tanjung (Universitas Prima Indonesia, Indonesia); C. Leong (Technology College Sarawak, Malaysia); Chin-Hong Puah (Faculty of Economics and Business, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); R Brahmana (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia)
Money demand function that turns out to be unstable due to the financial liberalization has affected the effectiveness of monetary policy that utilizes monetary targeting as policy target. Thus, Divisia monetary aggregate that is consistent with the economic theory has been used to examine the money demand function in Indonesia. Monetization is also included as a determinant of money demand to measure the financial deepening. A stable M2 money demand has been identified via the use of Divisia M2 money and the inclusion of monetization variable. Monetary targeting can serve as alternative policy target for Indonesia and there is a possibility for a return to monetary targeting in Indonesia.
12:45 Macroeconomic Determinants of Indonesian Tourism Demand in Malaysia
Ahmad Tanjung (Universitas Prima Indonesia, Indonesia); Fung Thai Thien (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); Chin-Hong Puah (Faculty of Economics and Business, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); R Brahmana (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); R Sianturi (Universitas Prima Indonesia, Indonesia)
Indonesia is Malaysia's second tourist generating country after Singapore, therefore it is important to look at the macroeconomic determinants of Indonesia tourism demand in Malaysia in order to maintain and sustain the significant Indonesian tourist inflows into Malaysia. This study employed quarterly data from 2000Q1 to 2014Q4 to estimate Indonesian tourism demand with the explanatory variables of real income, travel cost and exchange rate. The empirical findings suggest that there is a long-run equilibrium relationship between Indonesian tourism demand and the specified determinants. In summary, higher Indonesian real income, higher travel cost and stronger Indonesian currency will encourage more Indonesian visitors visiting Malaysia.

#### SOSHUM_DAY02_05: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 05

Room: 005 - MELATI ROOM
Chairs: Mohd Faizal Che Harun (Lecturer, Malaysia), Ishak Ramli (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
11:00 Predicting Customer Recommendation Towards Homestay At West Pahang Region
Mohd Faizal Che Harun (Lecturer, Malaysia); Halil Paino (Universiti Teknologi MARA & Accounting Research Institute, Malaysia); Mohamad Ridhuan Mat Dangi, Faizan Abd Jabar and Sharifah Norhuda Syed Wahid (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
Homestay is a potential economic activity in tourism sector. The Homestay concept is quite new in the tourism sector, which could contribute to the economic growth of the country. Surprisingly, this concept is gaining high demand from time to time. It opens business opportunities to the locals yet bring more tourists to know Malaysia deeper and closer. This "win-win" situation should wake the government up as agency to manage and give full blast in this sector properly and remain intact. The resilience of Homestay concept should be highlighted from many aspects such as the facilities, promotion, services and hospitality, etc. Therefore the objectives of this study are 1) predicting the best model of customers' recommendations towards Homestay and 2) to know the significant factors contributing to customers' recommendations. The questionnaires taken from the Tourism Malaysia website have been distributed to 500 Homestay's customers in the West Pahang region. This study is analyzed by using descriptive and binary logistic regression with IBM SPSS 20.0 to predict the best model of the Homestay to be recommended with three predictor variables; services, facilities and promotion tool. The findings show that on the average, Homestay hosts provided poor services and moderate facilities, also internet becomes the most effective tools to promote the Homestays. Additionally, internet and facilities factors are significant in developing the best recommended model with positive relationship towards customers' satisfaction. Therefore, hopefully this study could contribute the ideas to the related parties in an effort to improve Homestay operations in order to satisfy the tourists yet could create opportunities to attract more new tourists in the future.
11:15 Measuring Satisfaction of Engineering Technology Students in Malaysian Public Universities
Rosmah Ali (UniversitiTeknologiMalaysia, Malaysia); Noor Hamizah Hussain (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Kamsiah Ismail (UIA, Malaysia); Kamilah Radin Salim, Habibah Norehan Haron, Norhayati Mohamed Nor, Morina Abdullah, Normah Mulop, Zainai Mohamed and Rozita Juliana (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
This paper reports the results of a study on Engineering Technology student satisfaction at Malaysian public universities. Engineering Technology undergraduate programs are relatively new in Malaysia. The programs aim to produce highly-skilled human resources to meet the industry requirements. The level of student satisfaction will affect future student enrolment in the programs, and thus will subsequently affect the quantity and quality of future graduates. It is therefore important to measure student satisfaction with their experience in the programs to support institutional strategic planning and decision making to improve the programs. A survey questionnaire was designed and administered to 487 students from three public universities offering engineering technology programs in Malaysia. Survey items were subdivided into three main groups, namely teaching and learning experience, facilities provided, and the programs as a whole. Statistical analysis was conducted using PASW Statistics. Findings show that students were highly satisfied with their learning experience, the facilities provided, and the overall programs.
11:30 Programming Tutoring Systems and Motivation Assessment Model
Rajermani Thinakaran (Nilai University, Malaysia); Rosmah Ali (UniversitiTeknologiMalaysia, Malaysia)
Writing computer programs is a challenging feat for most undergraduate students although it is one of the core subjects that they are expected to master. Due to the rapid increase in the use of computers and Internet in education a large number of Programming Tutoring Systems have been developed to reduce the obstacles to programming. Motivation has been shown to be one of the most important issues for student success in learning. Yet, most of these Programming Tutoring Systems do not take into consideration motivation as a factor in their system. Hence more research is needed in this area. This paper presents a review of previous research on motivation assessment models in eLearning environment. These models can be integrated into Programming Tutoring Systems to assess student motivation in learning programming.
11:45 The Joint Roles of the Executive Governmental Functionaries in Enhancing the Islamic Economics System
Mohd Zakhiri Md Nor (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
One of the important components of the administration of the State is the executive governmental functionaries. These functionaries execute and implement the rules and regulations prescribed upon them, either by the written rules or customary law. This paper provides an account for the structural executive governmental functionaries and their major roles in enhancing the Islamic economics system in carefully chosen case studies for the purpose of this paper: Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Sudan as comparative analysis. The methodology used in this paper is doctrinal which is library-based in nature. This paper highlights that the joint roles of these functionaries, albeit the different country backgrounds and legal framework, all work in unison towards enhancing the Islamic economics system in the respective jurisdictions.
12:00 Visual Art From the Perspectives of Islamic Shariah: A Proposed Model
Ishak Ramli, Mohamad Noorman Masrek and Muhamad Abdul Aziz Ab Gani (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); D'zul Haimi Md Zain (Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, Malaysia)
Islam places restrictions and limitation to the creation and ownership of visual art. Not all forms of visual arts are permissible in Islam. However, guidance on the creation and ownership of visual arts is not made plain and clear not only to the Islamic followers but also to the art community. Given this gap, this study attempts to develop a conceptual framework that will guide artist and art collectors on what constitute to valid and acceptable through the Islamic perspective.

### Wednesday, April 20, 14:00 - 17:00

#### I4CT_DAY02_06: I4CT DAY TWO - SESSION 06

Room: 001 - RAFFLESIA BALLROOM 1
Chairs: Maky H Abdulraheem (University Utara Malaysia, Malaysia), Mas Rina Mustaffa (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
2:00 The Implementation of Constructive Heuristic Algorithm for Frequency Assignment Task in Wireless Communications
Saiful Izwan Suliman (Universiti Teknologi MARA & University of Nottingham, Malaysia); Ismail Musirin (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Shah Alam, Malaysia); Rozi Rifin (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Muhammad Rajaei Dzulkifli (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia)
This paper presents a constructive heuristic for the minimum span frequency assignment problem in wireless communication networks. The task is to find the minimum number of frequencies to satisfy demands for each cell in a particular network, without violating constraints in order to avoid interference between calls. The proposed constructive heuristic is able to find optimal solutions for most of the instances in very short times, typically under a second. As not all of the solutions produced are optimal but close to the optimality, this method is suitable for use in generating initial solutions for population-based meta-heuristics such as Genetic Algorithms and Artificial Immune System. Good initial solutions are important for later search methods to return good quality solutions. The proposed method was tested on the standard frequency assignment benchmark instances and from the results obtained, it shows that this constructive heuristic is also capable of acting as a standalone algorithm as it manages to produce optimal solutions for most of the instances tested.
2:15 A Security Framework Utilizing the Harmony Search Algorithm for Preventing Attacks on MANETs
Ahmed Mohammed Fahad (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Sameer Hussein (UKM, Malaysia)
Prior studies on security issues such as black hole attacks on Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) largely focused on reactive protocol methods such as Ad Hoc on DSR. Very little attention has been given towards the subject of using reactive and proactive protocols that have far reaching effects on black hole attacks that can interfere with the function of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. The main aim is to propose and to maximize the ratio of detecting and preventing malicious nodes launching gray hole/collaborative black hole attacks in a network. Therefore, in this study framework we propose an HSA for cooperative bait detection scheme (CBDS).
2:30 Enhanced Relative Humidity Sensing Based on A Tapered Fiber Bragg Grating with Zinc Oxide Nanostructure-Embedded Coatings
Aisyah Mohamad Aris (Universiti Teknologi Mara & Photonics Research Centre, University of Malaya, Malaysia); Husna Abdul Rahman (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Ninik Irawati (University of Malaya, Malaysia); Sulaiman Wadi Harun (Uni Malaya, Malaysia); Kok-Sing Lim and Irma Zulaykha Mohamad Ahad (University of Malaya, Malaysia)
A novel concept for an intrinsic relative humidity (RH) sensor that uses a tapered fiber Bragg grating (FBG) with zinc oxide nanostructure-embedded coatings is presented. Tests in a controlled environment indicate that the sensor has a linear and stable response behavior at 55% to 80% RH. The tapered FBG is fabricated using a chemical etching method followed by the coating of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures onto the surface of the taper. Experimental results show that the ZnO coated FBG produced a better sensitivity of 2.51 pm/% in comparison to only 1.36 pm/% for the uncoated FBG in terms of its Bragg wavelength shift. The performance of the humidity sensor in regards to the reflected output power is also presented, showing a significant improvement in sensitivity from 0.0012 dBm/% for bare tapered fiber to 0.089 dBm/% with the ZnO coating. These results indicate the potential of ZnO nanostructures coating in enhancing the performance of the sensor for relative humidity sensing.
2:45 Detection of Honey Adulteration by Addition of Glucose Via a Microfiber Coupler
Ahmad Haziq Rosol (Universiti Teknologi Mara & Shah Alam, Malaysia); Naimah Mat Isa (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Ninik Irawati (University of Malaya, Malaysia); Husna Abdul Rahman (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Sulaiman Wadi Harun (Uni Malaya, Malaysia)
Honey adulteration has become more attractive to producers owing to the limited production levels in recent years and the relative high price of honey. Therefore, the need for more effective and accessible methods aiming at detecting honey adulteration has increased. The present research presents a simple and rapid method to detect adulteration in honey falsified by intentional addition of different concentrations of glucose, using a microfiber coupler (MFC). Different percentage ratios of adulterated honey were prepared; namely 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 5% and 6%.The sensor was fabricated by flame brushing technique for detection of glucose in adulteration honey. The proposed sensor furnished acceptable results with a sensitivity of 0.9011µW/%.
3:00 An Analysis of Opinion Variation of Social Text in the Trusted Social Node Identification
Yap Hock Yeow and Tong Ming Lim (Sunway University, Malaysia)
Being involved in a competitive market it is always important to listen, analyse and understand feedbacks or thoughts generated by the internet users thus allowing an organization to provide insights of the market movements and adapt themselves with latest market trends. Using social networking websites the public are able exchange thoughts, activities, and to express insights towards something they experience in the form of text contents. Analysing posted contents allow organizations to identify key promoters and detractors that will either positively or negatively influence activities of organizations. Determine who to be trusted and what to believe within large contents is important but the process of uncovering creditability is hard. This experiment is carried out base on the previous work on opinion scoring, introducing consistency index and discrepancy analysis using certainty factor to group analyse user generated contents. It is hypothesize that it is possible to uncover the most trusted seed node within a social networking environment and to use the most trusted social node for further influential maximization.
3:15 Employing a Knowledge Base in the Decision Making in E-government
Maky H Abdulraheem (University Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Shafiz Affendi Mohd. Yusof (Universiti Utara Malaysia & School of Computing, Malaysia)
Knowledge Base is a strategic approach to enhance transparency in establishing electronic government initiatives to curb corruption and strengthen government's integrity and relationship with the citizens. Nevertheless, electronic government application is facing various issues which potentially may impede its application. One of these issues is the gap between the citizens and decision making in the e-government. This study gives is intended to elicit the imperative role of knowledge base and the decision making in e-government citizen better. This paper focuses on three focal points. The first point is the gap between the citizens and the decision making; the second point is engaging citizens by using the knowledge base in decision making; and the third point is employing the citizen's self knowledge to support decision making model in e-government initiative. This research attempts to discuss and suggest possible solutions to enhance the decision making model in electronic government by depending on the citizens' self knowledge, which is generated from the knowledge base.
3:30 Silica Microfiber Sensor for the Detection of Honey Adulteration
Naimah Mat Isa (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Ninik Irawati (University of Malaya, Malaysia); Mohd Hanapiah Mohd Yusoff (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Naim Nani Fadzlina (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia); Ahmad Haziq Rosol (Universiti Teknologi Mara & Shah Alam, Malaysia); Husna Abdul Rahman and Wan Iryani Wan Ismail (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
A silica microfiber sensor is proposed and demonstrated for detecting different concentration of glucose in adulterated honey samples. The output signal of pure and adulterated honey samples with different additions of glucose percentage were measured. Six different honey samples were adulterated with different percentage of glucose ranging from 1% to 6%. Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) was used as the light source for the silica microfiber sensor. As the concentration of glucose in honey is varied from 1% to 6%, the output power of the sensor decreased linearly from 14 dBm to 6 dBm. The sensitivity of the sensor to the adulterated honey is 1.37 dB / ppm and the slope shows a good linearity of 97.9%. This study can be concluded that silica microfiber sensor has high potential to detect adulteration of glucose in honey.
3:45 IP Over Radio: a Performance Evaluation for IoT System with Various Data Transmission Technique
Setiyo Budiyanto (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
IoT (Internet of Things) system is a trend in today's Internet technology as it is connecting various things via Internet. One way to transmitting IP, which is the base of IoT system, is through radio. In this paper we evaluate the performance of various data transmission technique on IP over Radio, namely 100 Mega Full Duplex, 100 Mega Half Duplex, and Auto-Negotiation. Quality of Service (QoS) parameters, such as delay and packet loss ratio, of those techniques are measured and compared in order to determine which data transmission that is the best for supporting the IoT system. The ITU-T standard of delay and packet loss is used to determine the quality of each technique. The results from this research shown that the 100 Mega Full Duplex is the best technique to transmit IP over Radio as it has the lowest delay, with maximum average delay of 5 ms, and the lowest packet loss ratio, with 0 % packet loss.
4:00 Integration of Double Layered Sequence Logo with Cognitive Informatics-based EHR
Sim-Hui Tee and Sin Liang Lim (Multimedia University, Malaysia)
Medical images consist of a critical part of information in an Electronic Health Record (EHR) system in a hospital. One of the modalities of medical images is sequence logo, which was used to represent the gene expression of patients. This paper proposes the use of double-layered sequence logo to enhance the cognitive informatics aspect of an EHR. The proposed approach provides a convenient way for the biomedical images to be readily examined by the biomedical practitioners at ease.
4:15 A Spherical Simplex Unscented Rauch-Tung-Striebel Smoother for a Vehicle Localization Problem
Saifudin Razali (UMP, Malaysia)
The unscented Kalman filter (UKF) has become relatively a new technique used in a number of nonlinear estimation problems to overcome the limitation of Taylor series linearization. It uses a deterministic sampling approach known as sigma points to propagate nonlinear systems and has been discussed in many literature. However, a nonlinear smoothing problem has received less attention than the filtering problem. Therefore, in this article an unscented smoother based on Rauch-Tung-Striebel form is examined for discrete-time dynamic systems. It has advantages available in unscented transformation over approximation by Taylor expansion as well as its benefit in derivative free. In addition, new sampling technique known as a spherical simplex has been introduced and evaluated. To show the effectiveness of the proposed method, the unscented smoother is implemented and evaluated through a vehicle localization problem
4:30 Impact of Non-Identically Distributed Channels on Diversity Performance of Relay Selection Systems
Junsu Kim, Chung Jin Lee and Su Min Kim (Korea Polytechnic University, Korea)
In this paper, we evaluate the outage performance of the relay selection networks with non-identically distributed channel statistics. We propose a piecewise linear outage probability model to show that an opportunistic relay selection with the best end-to-end signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) among M relays between a source and a destination without direct source-destination path always achieves a diversity order M regardless of the distribution of the end-to-end SNR under Rayleigh fading. Moreover, we also show that non-identical channel statistics may change the coding gain such that the outage probability curve is shifted horizontally in a log-log scale.
4:45 WDM-MDM for MMF in Access Networks
Yousef Fazea (Researcher at Optical Computing and Technology Laboratory, University Utara Malaysia & Researcher at Internetworks Research Laboratory, University Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Angela Amphawan (University Utara Malaysia, Kedah & Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Malaysia); Hussein Abualrejal (Senior Lecturer at Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
Wavelength Division Multiplexing is being widely considered as a means to implement fiber-to-the- home (FTTH) and deliver broadband access to business and home users. However, due to the continuous demands of the end-user of having triple play services (audio, video, and data) in addition to multi-hungry bandwidth application, researchers have to look for another technique to accommodate those demands. Mode Division multiplexing (MDM) is a promising technique to alleviate the traffic and meet user's demands. This paper analyzes the performance of a hybrid 25-channel WDM-MDM. A transmission speed of 30Gbps is achieved over a distance of 800 meters, at a central wavelength of 1550.12 nm.

#### PHILOTIS_DAY02_01 : PHILOTIS DAY TWO - SESSION 01

Room: 005 - MELATI ROOM
Chairs: Azhar Bin Abdul Rahman (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia), Athapol Ruangkanjanases (Chulalongkorn University, Thailand)
2:00 A Review of Prophetic Nutraceutical Foods: Issues and Challenges
The utilization of Halal, prophetic nutraceutical food products is increasing in Malaysia. Despite the high consumption of health-based products, the rate of non-communicable diseases especially heart diseases and cancer are increasing. In Malaysia, there are no specific regulations to control the sale of nutraceutical products which may contain dangerous substances. Every producer of prophetic based products claim that their product offer a lot of health benefits through testimonials and Quranic verses without showing any scientific evidence. This study will focus on the issues and challenges in this industry with the aim of improving the public's understanding and perception towards prophetic nutraceutical products. This understanding is essential in building better quality of life from the science and Islamic perspective
2:15 The Thematic Study of Asceticism in the Perspective of Islam and Buddhism
Azhar Bin Abdul Rahman (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohd Nizam Sahad (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Azri Bhari (UITM, Malaysia); Nor Azira Mohd Radzi (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Abd Aziz Harjin (UITM, Malaysia)
Soul purifying exists in every religion including Islam and Buddhism. Asceticism is a method known in both religions in purifying the devotees' souls. There are also some commonalities and differences in both religions. If not understood well, they can be a cause of frictions and arguments in many ways. Thus, this study aims to examine the commonalities and differences of the asceticism concept in both Islam and Buddhism. Library research is applied by only studying the holy Quran and its interpretation, Buddhist scriptures, and relevant books related to the asceticism. The findings indicate the similarities that exist between them are not just common concepts of asceticism but much deeper. The significant difference of the two is the theological concept that has not been given attention by Buddhism.
2:30 The Important Development of Executing of Waqf Irsod in Contemporary Malaysia
Azri Bhari and Mohd Afandi Mat Rani (UITM, Malaysia); Azhar Bin Abdul Rahman and Nor Azira Mohd Radzi (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Baharuddin Sayin and Muhammad Hamizan Ab Hamid (UITM, Malaysia); Luqman Abdullah and Muhammad Ikhlas Rosele (Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya, Malaysia)
The study aims to investigate the significance of the executing of 'waqf irsod' in Malaysia. In general, the implementation of 'waqf irsod' occurs when the 'Baitulmal' or local authority donates for the construction of important infrastructures for the benefit of Muslims. The issue here is, on the slow progress of 'waqf irsod' practiced in Malaysia although its importance is in immediate need to the context of thinking development and infrastructure of the contemporary Islamic societies. A qualitative study using library research methods in collecting relevant data. The data were generated through the inductive, deductive and comparative methods. The study found that 'waqf irsod' plays a big role in sustaining the development of Muslims in Malaysia in view of the current market's price of lands is too expensive. Therefore, the authorities and non-governmental organizations must work closely to deliver the system to promote the implementation of the 'waqf irsod'
2:45 The Rights of Muslim Women:Between Feminism and Islamic Justice
Roshimah Shamsudin (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
The feminist groups claim that women in Islam are not given equal rights as men and thus concluded that Muslim women are marginalized and oppressed at the same time. This demonstrates that Islam is unjust in upholding the rights of women.This statement is contrary to the authorities found in al-Quran and the al-hadiths which illustrate that Muslim women get their rights accordingly.This writing aims at examining the views of the feminists groups in light of the rights of women in Islam as well as presenting the Islamic points of views on the matter.This study found that Islam does not discriminate against women in terms of their rights; in fact on the contrary Islam is a religion that recognizes their rights compared to other religions.
3:00 Redefining Islamic Counseling According to the Perspective of Malaysian Muslim Counselors
Norazlina Zakaria and Shakirah Mat Akhir (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
There are arguments by some Malaysian counselors whether Islamic counseling really exists in Malaysia due to the unapparent definition of Islamic counseling. This study was conducted to identify the definition of Islamic counseling among Malaysian Muslim counselors. This qualitative study employed the Grounded Theory methodology and the data was collected through a semi-structured interview from respondents in the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. The results of the study demonstrate there were some disagreements among the respondents regarding on the use of the 'Islamic Counseling' term. Conclusively, Malaysian Muslim counselors defined Islamic Counseling in three dimensions; firstly, traditional Islamic Counseling, secondly, modified or Islamized mainstream (Western) counseling and thirdly, integrated Islamic Counseling.
3:15 Visual Inspection of Historical Buildings Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV): A Case Study of Sultan Abu Bakar Mosque, Johor
Masiri Kaamin (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Misbahul Muneer Abd Rahman (University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia); Norhayati Ngadiman (UTHM, Malaysia); Aslila Kadir, Ahmad Hakimi Mat Nor, Nor Baizura Hamid and Mardiha Mokhtar (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
Historical building means building that has attractive architectural features, unique elements and have an esthetic value. These features should be conserved for future generations stand to inherit, see and enjoy it. Conservation is the process of maintaining and managing change on historical building in a way that sustains the historical. To determine the defect and damages of the building, dilapidation study will be conducted. It is a process of documenting the defect and damages by using visual inspection. The work of conservation of historical buildings should be carried out carefully to minimize disturbance to the structure and fabric of the building. Nowadays, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) not only as a hobby but also can be used as a tools in visual inspection during dilapidation study. This paper presents a study on the use of technology (UAV) in a visual inspection at Masjid Sultan Abu Bakar, Johor. The use of UAV providing clear image of defects and damages occurs to the building without interruption of the building.
3:30 Towards Resolving the Challenge in Halal Industry Through Qur'anic Thematic Analysis: A Preliminary Study on Halal Supply Chain Constraints
Mohd Dasuqkhi Mohd Sirajuddin (Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia); Muhamad Osman (ACIS UiTM, Malaysia); Harlina Jaafar (Malaysia Institute of Transport MITRANS, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohd. Yakub @ Zulkifli Bin Mohd. Yusoff (Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, Malaysia)
Halal in the context of operation deals with values, ethics, and integrity, whereby the quality of the products is certified as permissible to be consumed. Halal industries, therefore, needs it's own characteristics to face the challenge of numerous negative issues caused by the current technological and operational activities across the entire of the production chain. This paper hence, tries to illustrate how the Qur'an and a few fiqh theories offer its view towards resolving these challenges for both conceptual and operational constraints. It is done through the Qur'anic thematic analysis (QTA), to refine the existing halal conceptual understanding, and a few fiqh theories to cater a few issues on the operational part. With a special attention been paid to the constraints of halal supply chain operations, this article try to suggest a conceptual and operational solutions both with QTA and a few fiqh theories to deal with the reality of the global halal demand and the halal supply chain constraints.
3:45 Mechanisms and Enforcement of Quality Control on the Translation of Qur'an in Malaysia
Idris Mansor (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Kasyfullah Abd Kadir (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia)
There is considerable freedom in translation activities. Translators and publishers are free to produce translations according to their needs or preferences. However, when translations involve highly sensitive materials such as the Qur'an, this freedom becomes worrying. Therefore, all activities related to translation of the Qur'an needs to be properly regulated in order to preserve the accuracy and completeness of meaning of the source text. Hence, this study was carried out to examine the forms of quality control employed by the Malaysian government in its effort to regulate all activities related to translation of the Qur'an, and data collection were made through document research and interviews. The study has identified two statutes regulating the translation, printing and publication of the Qur'an; Act 301 and Act 326. These two statutes are supported by several guidelines and Islamic legal rulings issued by the National Fatwa Council. The enforcement of the statutes can be seen in the form of temporary ban, prohibition, orders to recall products from the market and seizure.
4:00 Translating Concept of al-Hakimiyya (Sovereignty) Into Practice: A Study on the Implementation of Islamic Law During the First Muslim Conquest of Islamicjerusalem (Bayt al-Maqdis)
Aminurraasyid Yatiban, Salwani Arbak and Ummu Atiyah Ahmad Zakuan (University Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
An investigation on the Muslim concept of al-Hakimiyya (sovereignty) highlights judicial aspect as among the important one. Therefore, this research attempts to examine approaches taken by Muslim rulers in translating concept of al-Hakimiyya by choosing one of the most conflicting region, namely Islamicjerusalem (Bayt al-Maqdis). By investigating the implementation of Islamic law in Islamicjerusalem during the early Muslim period particularly after the first Muslim conquest of this region, this paper affirms that Muslims had strategically and successfully translated al-Hakimiyya concept into practice by gradually implementing Islamic law in Islamicjerusalem since the early Muslim conquest led by cUmar Ibn al-Khattāb.
4:15 The People of Rungus Sabah: The Wedding Customs and Beliefs
Badaruddin Mohamed, Sulisa Mohd Paisar and Salasiah Che Lah (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
Known as the 'Land below the Wind' and is the second largest state in Malaysia; Sabah is blessed with the richness of natural resource, the magnificent landscapes, and beautiful nature. Sabah is well-known for its diversity in distinctive cultural identities and ethnicity of its people with various cultures and customs. In Sabah alone, there are about 33 indigenous groups that communicate in over 50 languages and 80 dialects (Sabah State Government, 2010). Rungus is among the indigenous groups of Sabah which, after decades, still practices its traditional customs to preserve its cultural aspects and promote its preservation among the younger generation. In any culture, the family constitution is a virtue. Thus, the act of matrimony can be considered as a necessity to one when the time is right. It is a sacred ceremony to unite two souls as a mutual agreement to stay together. Wedding ceremony might vary depending on one's belief and customs. Therefore, this paper will discuss the customs and beliefs practiced by the Rungus ethnic such as the pre-engagements process, the engagements process, the wedding dowry and the ceremony involved.
4:30 The Administration of Fatwa in Malaysia
Badruddin Hj Ibrahim, Azizah Mohd and Siti Zainab Abd Rashid (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia)
The outstanding ability of Islamic law to respond to changes and development has been accomplished through the institution of fatwa. Due to the multiplicity of ethnic and culture in Malaysia, the role of this institution became imperative with regards to the rapid changes and progress by means of globalization. Therefore, fatwa has been institutionalized and utilized in all aspects of administration and activities. This comes into existence by way of codified law concerning the administration of Islamic Religious Affairs, specifically the fatwa institution. This article aims to highlight the administration of fatwa in Malaysia. For this purpose, the law and regulations that govern the fatwa, as well as the institution as the main authority in fatwa issuance will be highlighted.

#### SOSHUM_DAY02_06: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 06

Room: 004 - ORKID ROOM
Chairs: Lai Fong Lee (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia), Zuraina Dato Mansor (Faculty of Economics and Management & UPM, Malaysia)
2:00 Moral Effect of Workers After Reinstatement
Zuraina Dato Mansor (Faculty of Economics and Management & UPM, Malaysia); Samsudin Yaacob (UPM, Malaysia); Nor Siah Jaharuddin (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
Terminating employees should be performed in the most ethical and professional manner to avoid the business from potential litigation arising from the termination. It is irrelevant whether the terminated employee was good or bad worker. What is concerned, the employer must be able to justify the dismissal is with good cause and the reasons shall be notified to the employee. However, in any case, employee may still file claim for reinstatement against the company whenever they are unhappy. The study aimed to explore the moral effect of employees after the reinstatement. Interviews were conducted with 7 reinstated employees who were identified from the Department of Industrial Relation. The result shown that majority of workers whom precede their complaints under Section 20 of the IRA 1967 returned to work. Some have confirmed that they received similar treatment while another few said there was a different.
2:15 Analysis Balanced Scorecard in Tour Travel Agency in Indonesia
Lim Sanny (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
In a growing company that runs in the tourism industry, the performance measurement is needed to maintain its sustainability. The problem arises when the company is lack of knowledge about what application method to measure its performance and the details as well. The purpose of this research is to provide a balanced scorecard as an application method to measure the aspects of the company so that the company will be able to determine those aspects that have not run maximally in the company more easily. The method used in this research is quantitative method with a descriptive approach. Using analytical hierarchy process as the data processing method to determine the weight that is calculated on the balanced scorecard, the result found that company needs to improve its quality of service by repairing all matters relating to any outside party or consumers. The company also needs to pay attention to the work disciplinary that can be formed directly by regulation, training and the establishment of a conducive working environment. Increasing the work discipline will improve the quality of service of the parties within company to their customers.
2:30 Cognitive Writing Strategies of ESL Students in Higher Education: A Sociocultural Perspective
Lai Fong Lee, Geethanjali Narayanan, Sian Hoon Teoh and Yuen Fook Chan (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Gurnam Kaur Sidhu (Faculty of Education SEGi University Kota Damansara Malaysia, Malaysia)
This study examined the cognitive strategies used in academic writing by ESL students in relation to their participation in the community of academic writing in higher education. This study was based on sociocultural theory and concept of community of practice. 80 students from a local public university were the sample for this study. The instrument used to collect data was a questionnaire which looked into cognitive strategies students used in academic writing. The results showed that the cognitive strategies used more by the students in academic writing were those related to information for writing while those that were lesser used were related to revising. There were also different emphases of use for different speculations within the same cognitive strategies. The results indicated that to an extent, the students showed awareness of cognitive strategies. This study has implications for instruction in academic writing in L2 context in that students' awareness and use of cognitive strategies should be promoted to enhance their writing proficiency and participation in the community of writing in higher education
2:45 The Performance of SECI Model Implementation by Binus Students in the Environmental Awareness Socialization Final Project
Murty Pane, Johannes Rumeser and Hari Sriyanto (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Environmental matters is one of the big problems in Jakarta as the capital city. That is the reason why Binus University took part with a project called 'environmental awareness socialization' as an action to educate the society around Binus and the students as well. Before educating the society around Binus, who were done by several groups of the students, the students, called The Cleanliness Ambassador Program, must have the values of environmental awareness first. To have the values internalized, the students had to do this project using the SECI (Socialization, Externalization, Combination, Internalization) model, to transfer their knowledge about clean environmenat each other effectively as well as strengthen their teamwork. This study aimed to find the performance of the students while doing the project using the SECI model. Participants of this study were 100 undergraduate students who took CB-Spiritual Development subject (Binusian 2017) with this particular final project. This study taken using convenience sampling technique and used quantitative method by using the measurement of frequency for managing and interpreting the data. This study found that the performance of SECI model done for the stage S, E, C, and I, the highest is 77%, medium is 18%, and the lowest score is 6%.
3:00 Students' Perspectives on Postgraduate Supervisory Practices
Gurnam Kaur Sidhu (Faculty of Education SEGi University Kota Damansara Malaysia, Malaysia); Sarjit Kaur (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Peck Choo Lim, Yuen Fook Chan and Lai Fong Lee (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
The main aim of this study was to investigate postgraduate students' perspectives of their supervisors' supervisory practices in terms of ethics, personal commitments and positive climate. The study employed a descriptive research design and involved a total of 209 postgraduate students from two local public universities in Malaysia. Data were collected through the use of a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews with eight students. The findings revealed that on the whole, postgraduate students perceived their supervisors as displaying moderate supervisory practices in terms of ethics, personal commitments and positive climate during the supervision process. The findings also revealed that there were no significant differences in the students' perceptions with regards to gender and discipline but a significant difference was recorded with regards to locality. Interview sessions, however, revealed that some students felt uneasy with regards to confidentiality of information kept by their supervisors whilst others highlighted that they would appreciate more prompt and constructive feedback from their supervisors. Students also pointed out that they looked for a nurturing and positive climate during supervision as some supervisors often made the supervision session rather intimidating. The findings imply that supervisors need to work together with their students and facilitate the supervision process in a positive and nurturing climate so that students can complete their thesis on time and develop as confident members of their learning communities.
3:15 An Educationist's View of Blended Learning-Cognitive Apprenticeship Complementarity: A Shakespearean Classroom Experience
Seriaznita Mat Said (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Raj Ali Zahid Elley (International Islamic University College Selangor, Malaysia); Sarimah Shamsudin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia); Nor Hazwani Munirah Lateh (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur & Universiti Kelantan Malaysia, Malaysia)
Blended learning is becoming increasingly popular at higher education due to its adaptability features. One of the notable critiques is that blended learning researchers seem to focus more on classroom delivery while neglecting to understand the underpinning educational theories. In addressing the gap between pedagogical and theoretical considerations, this report which is based on an exploratory case study attempts to examine the linkage between blended learning and cognitive apprenticeship instructional approaches in a literature classroom. In the present study, it is construed that blended learning and cognitive apprenticeship principles are complementary. The fundamentals facilitating teaching and learning in blended face-to-face and online method as outlined by Staker and Horn and Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) have been utilised to structure the process of analysing the complementarity of blended learning and cognitive apprenticeship in literature classroom instruction. The findings revealed that blended learning classroom instructional approaches complement the Method domain of cognitive apprenticeship which consists of modelling, scaffolding, fading, coaching, articulation, reflection and exploration. The study concludes that the role of educational theory underpinned is to enrich the educational experience through collaboration with peers and instructor in any blended learning models.
3:30 Student Readiness for Postgraduate Study in Terms of Research and Conceptual Skills: Perspectives From Supervisors
Sarjit Kaur (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Gurnam Kaur Sidhu (Faculty of Education SEGi University Kota Damansara Malaysia, Malaysia); Sian Hoon Teoh and Leele Jamian (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
The main aim of this study was to examine supervisors' perspectives of their postgraduate students' competency in terms of research and conceptual skills. The study employed a quantitative research design which was conducted in two local public universities involving 121 postgraduate supervisors. Data for the study were collected using a questionnaire. The findings revealed that on the whole, supervisors felt that their students possessed moderate readiness in terms of research skills and limited readiness in terms of conceptual skills. Inferential statistics involving the use of t-tests further revealed that there was no significant differences in supervisors' perceptions based on discipline but there was a significant difference in their perceptions based on locality. The findings of the study suggest that institutes of graduate studies need to provide help in the form of short courses to help equip postgraduate students with the required competencies for postgraduate study. Likewise, supervisors need to work together with their students and facilitate their development of critical literary and research skills so that they can graduate on time.

#### SOSHUM_DAY02_07: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 07

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chairs: Nor Hazana Abdullah (Universiti Tun Hussien Onn Malaysia, Malaysia), Mohamad Ghozali Hassan (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
2:00 Towards Sustainable Streetscape in Georgetown, Penang
Elma Dewiyana Ismail and Md Najib Ibrahim (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia); Shahrul Yani Said (MARA University of Technology, Malaysia); Nur Hajar (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia)
Sustainable streetscapes play a vital part in creating the appearance of sustainable cities, create a lively environment, and is a key factor for a successful city and tourist attraction. Although Penang is famous, it lacks a streetscape and will eventually disturb the appearance of the city. From this perspective, this study aims to trigger a sustainable streetscape as an initiative to deliver a captivating and secure sustainable urban environment, especially for Georgetown as heritage city. Observation and analytical study focused on Clarke, Hutton, and Transfer lane, located at the heart of Georgetown. These lanes were used to unfold and generate the streetscape. This study identifies the vital of application of a sustainable streetscape in Georgetown to lead to sustainable city development.
2:15 Measuring Environmental Performance Awareness: A Qualitative Approach
Nennie Trianna Rosli (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Fauziah Sheikh Ahmad (University Technology Malaysia, Malaysia); Farzana Quoquab (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Zarina Salam (IBS-UTM, Malaysia)
Due to its enormous importance, in recent years environmental performance has received significant research attention among academicians and practitioners. The implementation of environmental regulations and developments in environmental technology are critical factors in stimulating environmental performance as well as creating sustainable future of a country. As such, the concept of environmental performance index emerged. The insight of organization environmental performance and the environmental performance index do not reach the customers' sensitivity. Customers are expected to monitor their shopping practice and performing the positive behavior. However, in reality, customers may take for granted on the environmental issues. It gives the rise of the idea that, it is very crucial to increase the awareness among mass consumers regarding environmental performance in order to foster nation's sustainability. Nonetheless, there is no readily available scale to measure the Environmental Performance Awareness (EPA) scale. This study attempts to fill this gap in the existing literature by conceptualizing the EPA construct, proposed its dimensionality and generate items to measure the construct. In doing this, existing relevant literature is reviewed exhaustively. Additionally, focus group interview has been conducted to generate the items to measure EPA. The results from qualitative analysis suggest for a three dimensional construct which includes Human Health, Ecosystem Vitality, and Socioeconomic Sustainability. It is expected that, the present study will contribute to the existing literature by establishing a scale to measure EPA construct and eventually will further the knowledge from consumer perspective.
2:30 Market Orientation and Innovative Performance: Comparing Service and Manufacturing Firms
Nor Hazana Abdullah (Universiti Tun Hussien Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Nor Aziati Abdul Hamid (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Alina Shamsuddin (Universiti Tun Hussien Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Eta Wahab (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
Innovation has been claimed to be the future driver long term organizational competitiveness and sustainability. In a similar vein, Malaysian companies need to be innovative as the competition rises globally and customers become more discerning. However, the National R&D Survey in the year 2012 indicates that Malaysia's Gross Expenditure on R&D per GDP, even though steadily increased, is only 1.13% in 2012. Moreover, recent National Survey of Innovation reported that majority of manufacturing firms was classified as non-innovator compared to those in the service sector. One of the factors that are claimed to affect innovative performance is market orientation, yet very limited study is done in this area. Therefore, this paper aimed to investigate whether innovative performance and market orientation between manufacturing and service firms are different and whether there is a link between market orientation and firms' innovative performance. Fifty firms were selected using convenience sampling as their participation was voluntary. Descriptively, the means for manufacturing firms for both innovative performance (Mean=5.050) and market orientation (Mean=5.507) are higher compared to service firms. However, t-test results indicate that there is no significant difference of both constructs between manufacturing and service firms. Consistent with previous studies, market orientation accounted for 46.2% of variance in firms' innovative performance. This finding indicates competitive marketing strategies are equally important to different types of firms and the ability of firms to inculcate customer-focused culture would help to stimulate their innovative performance.
2:45 Relationship Between Relational Capability and Supply Chain Technology Adoption
Khai Loon Lee, Mohamad Ghozali Hassan and Zulkifli M. Udin (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
3:00 A Dynamic Capabilities Perspective of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises' Internationalization: A Conceptual Model
Hazem Ahmed Ragab Ali (UCSI University & UCSI University, Malaysia); Ganeshsree Selvachandran (UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Recognizing the rapid rate of internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) today, the significance of relevant theories and models that investigate internationalization phenomenon has increased. While the internationalization literature presents several approaches to internationalization of SMEs, previous studies are considered to be incomplete as they do not emphasize the dynamic capabilities possessed by owners/managers of SMEs. This study proposes a dynamic capabilities model focusing on internationalization of SMEs with an emphasis on the moderating effect of environmental dynamism.
3:15 The Determinants of Taiwan Outward Foreign Direct Investment in ASEAN: Market, Regulative and Normative Dimensions
Kui Ming Tiong (MALAYSIA & UTAR, Malaysia)
The announcement of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2003, to transform ASEAN into the AEC single market and production base of free flow of goods; services; investment; capital; and skilled labour. A huge market size of AEC could be attractive for an even larger amount OFDI investment from Taiwan. However, Taiwan facing the shrink of the economic growth rate from 2000 onwards. It is thus important to identity the factors attracting Taiwan OFDI in ASEAN. This paper aims to study the determinants of Taiwan OFDI in ASEAN. A panel of six ASEAN economies of Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand are selected from the year 2001 to 2012. Using the pooled ordinary least squares (POLS) method, the results shown that the economic determinants of market size and trade openness, and the institutional determinants of economic freedom, rule of law, and cultural distance are significantly attracting the Taiwan OFDI.
3:30 Identifying the Elements for Quality Behaviour - Based Safety for Safety Improvement
Norfashiha Hashim, Faridah Binti Ismail and Norazian Mohamad Yusuwan (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
Behaviour-based safety (BBS) is an approach associated with safety management system, aimed towards bringing about improvement in safety and health performances. In application, BBS is a bottom-up approach where the primary attention is directed at specific safety-related behaviours typically performed by frontline employees. BBS is commonly implemented in the oil and gas industry in Malaysia and has also currently attracted attention in other industry. However, the challenge to achieve persistent and improved quality in BBS performance is greater in the oil and gas industry. Although it typically starts off with a promising outlook, in the end the results are found to be unable to sustain changes. Hence, the objective of this paper is to identify the elements of quality BBS implemented in oil and gas companies. For this purpose, three oil and gas companies were selected as case studies. The data was collected through survey questionnaires distributed amongst the production level personnel in these companies. Descriptive statistics used in data analysis, elements of personal behaviour, organisational management, the working environment, the process of BBS, and the method of data collection have all been identified as elements embedded in quality BBS. The findings reveal that personal behaviour is the highest rated element contributing to the quality of BBS. Personal behaviour consists of (i) built attitude and skills, (ii) trust on behavioural safety intervention, (iii) buy-in program, (iv) mandatory participation, and (v) voluntary participation. Future research can be done to assess whether these elements of quality BBS are also applicable in other industry settings.
3:45 The Influence of Personal Engagement and TimeMmanagement on Employees' Job Performance
Khatijah Omar, Azizul Yadi Yaakop, Marhana Mohamed Anuar, Madzli Harun and Mohd Abi Sofian Abdul Halim (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia); Tan Chi Hau (Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia)
Job performance is a never ending research topic since many believe that it determines the sustainability of a business. In fact, there are past research findings support that organization's success depends very much on its employees' performance. Until now, many studies on job performance have been conducted and numerous factors were found to contribute to job performance. However, this paper aims to analyze the role of personal engagement and time management and their relationship with employees' performance. Some previous research revealed that time management and personal engagement determined employee job performance in most companies. There are also a number of studies explained with evidence that time management and personal engagement play important roles in job performance respectively. This study was a quantitative study whereby the data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Questionnaires were distributed to selected organizations from four different sectors (manufacturing, education, hospitality and health) in the Peninsular Malaysia. There were 198 returned questionnaires but only 182 were usable. The results of this study show that there is a significant effect of personal engagement on employee performance; although the effect is quite weak. The study also revealed that time management has a significant effect on employee performance.
4:00 ASEAN-China Trade Flow: A Study on Intra-Industry Trade in Manufacturing Sector
Day Yin Tan and Mui-Yin Chin (Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Malaysia)
Recent development of international trade has given rise to a new trade theory known as intra-industry trade whereby nations simultaneously import and export of similar goods in the same industry. This study is aim to identify the significant of intra-industry trade between ASEAN-5 and China specifically focus on manufacturing sector. This study first examines the intra-industry trade relation between ASEAN-5 and China in manufacturing sector using trade value from SITC 5 to SITC 8 at four digits from 1993-2012. This study continues by identifying the determinants of intra-industry trade between ASEAN-5 and China in manufacturing sector using static panel model. The findings from this study indicated that intra-industry trade between ASEAN-5 and China in manufacturing sector increased during the study period. Besides, this research also found that intra-industry trade increased along with the growth in average market size and foreign direct investment while intra-industry trade is negatively related to the differences in income level.
4:15 Green "Eco-Label" or "Greenwashing"? Building Awareness About Environmental Claims of Marketers
Ruzanna Shahrin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia); Farzana Quoquab (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Rossilah Jamil (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & International Business School, Malaysia); Nomahaza Mahadi (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Jihad Mohammad, Zarina Salam and Nazimah Hussin (IBS-UTM, Malaysia)
In order to enrich more pro-environmental behaviour among consumer, present paper aims to enlighten on the "greenwashing" issue. Such deceptive practice leads to lure consumers to believe they are offering environmental friendly product. As such, this is necessary to make consumers aware about the issue concerning "greenwashing". Considering this, the present paper aims to answer the following questions; (1) Why pro-environmental behaviour in the forefront? (2) Does eco-label will ensure the genuineness of environmental-friendly product? (3) Why greenwashing is a problem? (4) How to differentiate between the greenwashed and the real deal products? And (5) What is the role of marketers in this regard? Relevant literatures are reviewed to respond to the research questions. Since environmentally concerned consumers became a profitable market segment in recent years, many companies are moving towards eco-label. However, not all eco-friendly claims are genuine. Therefore, the increase of greenwashing, with deficiency of enforcements, contributes to consumer disbelief of all green claims. With that, it weakens the value of consumers as an inspiration to influence companies toward environmental friendly determination for industrial practices and business operations. It is expected that, the present study will contribute significantly to the existing body of knowledge in regard to existing falls environmental claims regarding eco-labels.

#### SOSHUM_DAY02_08: SOSHUM DAY TWO - SESSION 08

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chairs: Clara Herlina Karjo (BINUS University, Indonesia), Mahadthon Prutkajonchai (Technopreneurship and Innovation Management Program, Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand)
2:00 Homophone Based Metaphors in Chinese
Clara Herlina Karjo (Bina Nusantara University); Yi Ying Liem (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia); Criscentia Jessica Setiadi (Binus University, Indonesia)
The source domain of metaphor is usually taken from the concept that has similar nature with the target domain. However in Chinese, there are metaphors which are drawn from the similarity of sounds between the source and target concepts. This study discussed 30 words which form 15 homophone-based metaphors along with their cultural background underlying the formation of such metaphors in the Chinese community. Research revealed that all metaphors were established in accordance with the Chinese five values of life (fu, lu, shou, xi, and chai). Thus metaphorical objects which concede to these values are considered auspicious, and those which are contrary to these values are considered inauspicious or taboo.
2:15 Clustering Alkire Foster-oriented Quantification in Measuring Multidimensional Poverty Indicators by Using Intelligent ANFIS
Noor Hidayah Zakaria and Rohayanti Hassan (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Razib M. Othman (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & Laboratory of Computation Intelligence & Biotechnology, Malaysia); Hishammuddin Asmuni (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Malaysia is a developing country which relies on the monetary approach when it comes to poverty measurement. The current monetary approach is simpler to measure; however, it is insensitive towards changes of the poor in multiple dimensions especially in urban area. Based on household survey data on urban province in Malaysia, this study proposes on a multidimensional poverty measurement framework, which predicts on the prominent deprived indicators based on multidimensional urban poor measurement, replacing the conventional money-metric measure. This study highlights on integration between Alkire-Foster approaches in quantification of multidimensional urban poor with Adaptive Neural Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS). By addressing the deprived indicator in urban area, the combination of Alkire Foster and ANFIS approach could efficiently resolve on the issue of misfit urban poor in the country. In this study, Alkire Foster approach is proven to have promising results in improving the determination of the urban poor in Malaysia. In future, this study aims in addressing the particular combination of indicator that causes the urban poverty in Malaysia.
2:30 Addressing the Importance of the Sensory Aspect in Tourism Studies - A Literature Review
Nur Hidayah Abd Rahman, Zainab Khalifah and Hairul Nizam Ismail (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Although sensory aspects has been discovered as one of the most important areas in tourist experience, reviewing the previous literature on the importance of the sensory aspects in tourism studies is still in the limelight. This review paper examines two major areas in tourism studies which discusses the influence of sensory aspect towards the tourist experience, namely, in the area of tourism marketing and tourism geographies. Based on the key research gaps which have been identified, it is concluded that there are the needs of sensory aspect studies in relation to the tourist experience in developing a positive impact of the quality of tourist experience in tourism literature.
2:45 Is Receptive Vocabulary Knowledge a Predictor of ESL Learners' Level of Speaking Performance?
Sarimah Shamsudin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia); Nor Hazwani Munirah Lateh (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur & Universiti Kelantan Malaysia, Malaysia); Seriaznita Mat Said (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Manvender Kaur Sarjit Singh (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
Research studies from a few decades ago have explored relationship between learners' vocabulary knowledge and language skills namely speaking, writing, listening and reading. However, there is hardly any study which examines the link between receptive vocabulary knowledge and speaking proficiency of Malaysian learners of English as a second language (ESL). This paper therefore aims to present a study which was conducted to systematically investigate how well receptive vocabulary knowledge predicts the speaking performance of ESL students studying at pre-university level. Seventy Malaysian ESL pre-university students participated in the study. In order to collect the data, the Vocabulary Levels Test (VLT) and a MUET-like speaking assessment were administered. The result reveals that there is no statistically significant correlation between the students' receptive vocabulary knowledge level and their speaking performance. This study thus concludes that receptive vocabulary knowledge is not a significant predictor of speaking performance of ESL pre-university students.
3:00 Frequency Analysis of Academic Words in Malaysian Secondary School ESL Textbooks: A Corpus Study
Sarimah Shamsudin (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia); Alia Dzafrina Noorizan (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Manvender Kaur Sarjit Singh (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Amerrudin Abd Manan (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
3:15 An Integrated Model of Perceived Quality in the Brand Performance of Higher Education Institution
Moong Shue Chua and Mohammad Falahat (Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia)
In Malaysia, higher education is facing dynamic changes due to the government's focus in making Malaysia as a leading education hub in the region. As all programmes are under the purview of the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA), the syllabus across institutions are required to strictly adhere to the standards outlined by MQA. Having similar programmes offered by various universities makes it difficult to be differentiated from one to the other. Thus UniBrand performance has become an important strategy for universities. The purpose is to study relationships between perceived service quality, student satisfaction, student loyalty and UniBrand performance; hypothesizing positive relationships between perceived service quality and UniBrand performance, student satisfaction and UniBrand performance and between student loyalty and UniBrand performance. Perceived service quality as the antecedent of student satisfaction and student loyalty is also included in this study.
3:30 Contemporary Video Arts in Malaysia: A New Framework
Mohamad Fadly Sabran (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia); Izaddin Matrahah (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Anwar Fikri Abdullah (Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perak), Malaysia); Ishak Ramli (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
This paper has aimed to study the development of Video Arts in Malaysian Contemporary Arts. Referring to this study, the definition of the video arts category has hardly been defined. This is the crucial reason why contemporary art practitioners amongst Malaysian artists have not involved in video arts. Employing the content analysis approach as the main research method, the study has developed successfully, categories for 4 types of video arts with certain characteristics, which are Sculpture/Installation Video, Guerilla Video, Video & Theatre and Video & Computer Technologies. This paper has collected 5 electronic art exhibitions in Malaysia from 1997 until 2012, which include 10 video artists being studied. This study has found out that video sculpture & installation are the most practiced in Malaysian Contemporary Video Arts. It is useful for the subject 'Time-Based Media Art', which can help the students and young emerging artists to develop their understanding towards the making of video works in the context of Malaysian Contemporary Visual Arts.
3:45 Understanding the Cultural and Religious Insights of Indonesia Through "Drupadi Pandawa Diva" the Masterpieces of F. Widayanto
Hanny Wijaya (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
The development of ceramic art in Indonesia has been increasing progressively for years. This paper will focus on F. Widayanto's latest works "Drupadi Pandawa Diva" that has surprised the Indonesian art-loving community. As one of the most prominent ceramicist in Indonesia, F. Widayanto has verified his existence in the art fields for more than thirty years. In his 15th solo exhibition, F. Widayanto decided to choose Draupadi - one of the unique and strong characters from the grand epic Mahabharata - as his main subject. Even though epic of Mahabharata was originally come from ancient India, actually there are many versions of this epic around the world. One of the epic adaptations is come from Javanese Wayang (shadow puppet) play. This epic version was influenced by Islamic philosophy that was introduced in Java, Indonesia around the 13th century. Draupadi is a symbol of perfect womanhood: a strong woman who dares to challenge the strength and power of men. Her beautiful figure has inspired F. Widayanto to interpret and explore Draupadi's character. F. Widayanto merged the original Indian version with Javanese Wayang version in order to produce his own Draupadi character. As a result, he managed to express his understanding and represented 'figures' of Draupadi that are lifted out of traditional art. These masterpieces are unique and can be interpreted in a variety of ways depend on the viewers' perspective. By applying direct observation and literature review as her method, researcher intended to present the significance of ceramic art as an instrument to deliver Indonesian cultural and religious insights in contemporary way. Thus, this research is a case study of aesthetic project that can be used as a reference for future artists, ceramicists, and art connoisseurs in Indonesia and other countries.
4:00 Speed of Adjustment and Macro Economic Growth
Hafezali Iqbal Hussain (Universiti Kuala Lumpur Business Schoo, Malaysia)
In this paper, we estimate the speed of adjustment for firm level data. We introduce an extrinsic limitation to the model to test the impact on rate of adjustment. We find that extrinsic limitations have a significant impact on rate of adjustment.
4:15 Students' Interpretation and Commitment of Conservation Contents Based on School Context
Elver Fazly Charlie (Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS), Malaysia); Fiffy Saikim (Supervisor, Malaysia); Muhammad Taat (Co-Supervisor, Malaysia)
The deteriorating of our environmental conditions is caused by human behavior. The exploitation, destruction and exploration of our environment happened in order to fulfill the expectations of human being for comfortable lifestyles. In order to have a better future, healthy lifestyles and maintain environmental sustainability, the human behavior towards conservation must be change. This research involved tertiary students' in order to identify and explore the difference, correlation and influence and direct and indirect relationship on students' interpretation, commitment, knowledge and behavior towards a lifelong attitude of pro-conservation behavior. The sample consists of 1000 students from selected rural and urban secondary schools in Sabah, Malaysia. Questionnaire developed by the researcher is the tool used to collect the data. Descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson coefficient of correlation, multiple regressions, path analysis via AMOS are the techniques used to analyze the data. The results revealed that there was significance difference based on demographic aspects from the data collected in the rural and urban schools. Significance influence was found between students' commitment on lifelong attitude of pro-conservation behavior with 30.1 percent variance changes from the data collected in the rural schools and 23.6 percent variance changes from the data collected in the urban schools. The research findings revealed that the students' interpretation, commitment, nature conservation knowledge and their behavior were important and needed more attention from various parties in order to develop their lifelong attitude towards environment and biodiversity conservation. Therefore, the environmental organizations need to be designed and organized a lot of conservation programmes in schools in order to promote conservation and build positive impact on the students' behavior towards environment and biodiversity conservation.

## Thursday, April 21

### Thursday, April 21, 08:00 - 10:30

#### SOSHUM_DAY03_01: SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 01

Room: 005 - MELATI ROOM
Chairs: Ng Kim-Soon (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia), Yao Feng Tan (Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Malaysia)
8:00 Revisiting the Role of Public Debt in Economic Growth: The Case of Malaysia
Yao Feng Tan and Mui-Yin Chin (Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Malaysia)
The European sovereign debt crisis stroked the global economy when countries such as Greece, which had been maintaining high levels of debt and fiscal deficit, faced the risk of insolvency on public debt. Besides, rising debt level of Malaysia have raised the concern of policymakers and academician in discussion of whether Malaysia would face a similar public debt crisis. This had raised the interest and a motivation to conduct an empirical analysis to determine the long run relationship between public debt and economic growth for Malaysia. Using annual data spanning from 1980-2012, the long run relationships of the variables were determined by estimating an equation using Johansen and Juselius Cointegration estimate. Besides that, Granger causality relationship between public debt and economic growth was also determined from the result of Granger causality test. Based on the findings of the empirical analysis, there is evidence that led to the conclusion that debt ratio positively affects economic growth in the long run consistent with what was found in the literature. Nonetheless, the result also shows economic growth is significantly granger causing public debt in Malaysia.
8:15 Creating Industry Driven Sustainable Technical Graduates: A Case From Malaysia
Jegatheesan Rajadurai (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Salina Daud (UNITEN, Malaysia); Noraina Mazuin Sapuan (Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia); Nurazariah Abidin (UNITEN, Malaysia)
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are faced with several challenges in producing marketable technical graduates given the present highly competitive and volatile employment market. Employers have expressed concerns that these graduates lack the relevant academic qualifications, skills, abilities and attitudes. The main aim of this study, therefore, is to investigate the gap between industry expectations for these graduates and their actual performance when employed by industry. Industry expectations and graduate performances were investigated in four dimensions, namely knowledge, skills, abilities and personalities (KSAP). The study involved focus group discussion (FGDs), a pilot study and the distribution of questionnaires. Importance-performance analysis (IPA) was used to assess the managers' perceptions of these graduates. It was determined that HEIs producing technical graduates should target the improvement of implicit and tacit knowledge of technical students, maintain their (HEI"s) current efforts to provide them with hard skills, soft skills, intellectual abilities and personality development. They should also reduce their current efforts to improve the physical abilities of technical students when relating the relevance of the existing technical education curriculum to current market needs. Producing sustainable technical graduates through this innovative industry driven approach will improve perceived problem areas in the technical education curriculum encompassing the four dimensions.
8:30 Enhanced Global Score Test for Multivariate Survival Analysis of Recurrent Events Data
Zakiyah Zain (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Nazrina Aziz (Universiti Utara Malaysia & UUM, Malaysia); Yuhaniz Ahmad (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
Multiple event times or endpoints often arise in survival data and this complicates analysis especially when all endpoints are of equal interest. However, to conclude on the overall treatment advantage of a new drug, a single statistic is required. The cumulative treatment advantage is often measured by the score statistic for each endpoint. This study is to enhance the methodology for combining multiple endpoints within a single statistical analysis. The correlations for three endpoints are determined and overall treatment advantage is evaluated. Comparison of the enhanced global score test method with that of the Wei, Lin and Weissfeld proves its suitability and adequacy as marginal model alternative solution.
8:45 Mediating Roles of Attitude on Intention to Use M-Learning Among Students At Malaysian Technical Universities
Mohamud Ahmed Ibrahim, Ng Kim-Soon and Abd Rahman Ahmad (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Ng Mei Xin Sirisa (University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia)
Mobile technology is changing the learning platform. Learning using mobile devices via m-learning can occur anywhere and at any place without the face to face traditional learning. Higher education institutions around the world will need to consider how to make the most of these new opportunities to be competitive in the marketplace. Researchers advocated that there is a need to investigate students' attitudes towards m-Learning. Thus, this study has been carried out to investigate the mediating role of attitude on intention to use m-learning. Technology acceptance model (TAM) was adopted the research framework. A total of 400 duly completed survey questionnaires was collected via purposeful structured random sampling and self-administrated survey questionnaire. The level of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and attitude towards the intention to use m-learning were all rated at high level. The hypotheses formulated were tested using SPSS AMOS. It was found that perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use have significant influence with user attitude to use m-learning, however, both of these variables do not influence on the behavioral intention to use m-learning. User attitude was to have significant influence behavioral intention to use m-learning. Finally, it was found that perceived usefulness and user attitude fully mediated on both the relationships between perceived usefulness and perceived ease with behavioral intention to use m-learning.
9:00 Improving SMEs Financing for Stronger Financial and Non-financial Performance
Ng Kim-Soon, Abd Rahman Ahmad and Yau Chau Poh (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
SMEs play a vital role in the economy of Malaysia. Microfinance provides small loans to the SMEs to enhance their businesses. With the SMEs representing 97.3% (645,136 establishments) of the total business establishments in Malaysia, it is crucial to have continual investigation on the effects of microfinance have on these enterprises performance. This can expose viable areas of improvement needed for micro-financing activities. This research is aimed to investigate the relationship of microfinance with SMEs performance. The respondents are the SMEs from a district located in the state of Johor, Malaysia. Data were collected using the structured convenient sampling and analyzed with SPSS software. It was found that there is a strong positive relationship between microfinance with both the financial and non-financial SMEs performance (p<0.001). Higher loan amount is significantly related to SMEs performance. It implies that regulators and policy makers should increase the loan amount limit of microfinance to finance the SMEs and in response, these microfinance institutions should increase their loan amount to further enhance SMEs performance.
9:15 An Integrated Technical and Marketing Approach to E- Banking Customer Satisfaction
Ng Kim-Soon, Abd Rahman Ahmad and Abu Aziz Nur Samhana Binti (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
The use of e-banking services has increased competition for on-line customer satisfaction. Previous research works were done basically in terms of customer satisfaction from either the marketing or technical perspective. While each viewpoint has helped to improve understanding of online customer satisfaction, a framework to unify these views is lacking from the current literature. This study explore customer satisfaction of e-bank service via the integrated technical and marketing perspectives. The data collected from a total of 150 on-line e-bank customers were analyzed to test the hypotheses formulated using SPSS statistical package. Reliability analysis, descriptive and regression analysis were performed. There are seven main variables of marketing and technical factors. The results indicated that although these factors do have a tremendous influence on customer satisfaction, however, not all of them exert the same effect. Therefore, it is very important for researchers to take an integrative approach to determine customer satisfaction with e-bank online. The results of this study offer ideas on further enhancing e-bank customer satisfaction by improving technical and marketing factors of customer service.
9:30 Turning Industrial Visit Into Rich Learning Experiences
Ng Kim-Soon, Wahid Razzaly, Abd Rahman Ahmad and Lau Kum Shen (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
Industrial visit provides graduate with added advantage of gaining better understanding of the key elements implicitly emphasized in the production and operations management course. It enables student to relate their theoretical knowledge with practical aspects of their study covering the curriculum related to operations management of a competitive industrial unit operations, capacity, process technology, design concepts, supply chain, and other operations management aspects like safety, health, environment, society, and its relations with operations performance. This research is on the assessment and evaluation of student's experiences and learning gains from their industrial visit. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in this research. Assessment of the students learning experience and different skills they gained throughout industrial visit were analyzed. Result shows that the levels of learning experiences, learning gains and student satisfaction with their study visit were all rated high. Exposure of students to study visit equips them with relevant industry knowledge, skills and conceptual learning. With enough insights and awareness of an actual working setting upon graduated to work in an industrial environment, students will be able to quickly adjust to real situation upon joining the workforce.
9:45 Information System Key Success Factors and Student Behavioral Intention to Use M-Learning
Mohamud Ahmed Ibrahim, Ng Kim-Soon and Abd Rahman Ahmad (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Ng Mei Xin Sirisa (University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia)
Key success factor is a planning tool use in designing information system that meet the need of user. Mobile technologies for learning is an emerging tools in education evolution where the learning process occurs through integration of electronic learning and mobile technologies. Higher education institutions around the world will need to consider how to make the most of these new opportunities to be competitive in the market. Most previous studies have been focusing on social factors that influence behavioral intention to use m-learning while there is a lacking on finding technological factors such as system quality and information quality on behavioral intention to use m-learning. Thus, the current study was carried out to investigate technological factors that influence behavioral intention to use m-learning among students at the Malaysian technical universities. The research model was formulated using the constructs used in IS success model. A total of 400 duly completed survey questionnaires was collected via purposeful structured random sampling and self-administrated survey questionnaire. The hypotheses formulated were then tested using SPSS AMOS. The result revealed that the mean tendency of perceived usability, information quality, system quality, learning interaction was scored at high levels. Perceived usability and learning interaction have positive influence on behavioral intention to use m-learning, while information quality and system quality indicated negative relationship towards behavioral intention to use m-learning. Findings of this study add new understanding as regard to technological factors of m-learning and the level that it influences student learning behavioral intention to use m-learning among higher education students.
10:00 The Implementation of Activity-Based Costing in Malaysian Small and Medium-sized Firms
Kamilah Ahmad (UniversitiTun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Neoh Wan Teng (UTHM, Malaysia); Shafie Mohamed Zabri (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
Research related to Activity-Based Costing within SMEs sector is very little. Therefore this research attempts to investigate the implementation of Activity-Based Costing in SMEs, its success factors and barriers to adoption. A questionnaire survey was conducted among Malaysian SMEs from manufacturing sector and a total of 108 completed responses were received. The result indicates that just 17% of respondents have implemented this technique. Most Activity-Based Costing's users are at the adaptation stage. The success of this system is contributed by the level of the complexity of manufacturing environment and strong support from top management. Meanwhile, lack of resources, expertise, and cost factor are the main reasons for the rejection of ABC system in SMEs. This research suggests that ABC is more beneficial for firms within complex environment with high top management support. However the inherent difficulties of this system has hindered its wide acceptance within SMEs. This research adds a new empirical evidence on Activity-Based Costing related issues from the perspective of small businesses.

#### SOSHUM_DAY03_02: SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 02

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chairs: Hasnah Kamardin (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia), Siti Noraini Mohd Tobi (Univerisiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
8:00 Sustainable Campus Strategies Through University Governance Approach
Norhayati Ngadiman and Mohd Hasril Amiruddin (UTHM, Malaysia); Masiri Kaamin, Ismail Rahman and Abdul Mutalib Leman (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
Moving towards sustainability, university need to establish governance structures and practices that can foster, guide and coordinate positive work for successful transition process. However, due to knowledge and commitment gaps caused weakness in the process of integration sustainability in the university. The purpose of this paper aims to identify strategies for sustainable campus using university governance approach. An online questionnaire survey approach was conduct a total of 35 experts responded to the questionnaire. The results of the Rasch model analysis using Winstep software, four items have been dropped from the total 23 items. This study provides the sustainable campus strategies that can be practiced by the Malaysian universities through university governance roles.
8:15 Human Resource Outsourcing Practicing: Does Cost Reduction and Business Strategy Affect Government Link Companies (GLCs)?
Mohd Fitri Mansor (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Noor Hidayah Abu (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Intan Maizura Abdul Rashid and Sa'aban Syahira (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
Growing trend in Human Resource Management in recent years has seen a steady increase in Human Resource Outsourcing (HRO) practices. Many companies outsource some HR activities and becoming a new engine of growth to the organization. By engaging human resource outsourcing activities the organization so called gained flexibility, competitiveness and profitability. Intriguing facts that, many studies conducted on this issue found negative light; lead to job lost, risk to the organization i.e. reduces organization capability across functional synergies and reduce creativity. Hence, the study on this subject is inconsistent and inconclusive, not extensive as well as still at the seminal stage. Therefore, the aim of study is to investigate the effect of cost reduction and business strategy on human resource outsourcing practices. Meanwhile, the specific objectives are to analyze the relationship between cost reduction and business strategy towards human resource outsourcing practicing. The result revealed that, both variables are supported and affected the HRO practices. The findings of the study may provide a systematic guideline and could be used by the government to consider whether this exercise is worth it or otherwise. The study may serves as guideline to the government in formulating the manpower policy in Malaysian Government Link Companies (GLCs).
8:30 The Moderating Role of User Attitude on the Relationship Between Perceived Ease of Use and E-Recruitment Adoption in Nigerian Civil Service: A Proposed Conceptual Framework
Aminu Ibrahim Tangaza and Mohd Fitri Mansor (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Noor Hidayah Abu (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Hussen Nasir (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
E-Recruitment is increasingly gaining position within working organizations and many of its adherents assume and express its advantages. A quite number of studies were conducted to assess perception on e-recruitment adoption; most of these studies concentrated on the perception of job seekers or third party and came up with inconclusive results. This paper is a conceptual in nature that works towards the assessment of an organizational perception not the job seeker's perspective on e-recruitment adoption, by proposing framework that predicts the role of user attitude as potential moderator on the relationship between organizational perceptions toward ease of using e-recruitment system in the selecting of qualified personnel. The propose model will have important policy implication to an organization for their recruitment decision making.
8:45 Incremental or Radical Product Innovation: Overview of Food and Beverage Sector SMEs in Malaysia
Noor Hidayah Abu (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia); Mohd Fitri Mansor and Hussen Nasir (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Amlus Ibrahim (Lecturer, Malaysia)
The objective of this paper is to present a profile of product innovation in the food and beverage SMEs in Malaysia. Besides that this paper aim to explore specific product innovation activities employed in the SMEs. A survey questionnaire was developed and sent to 700 Malaysian food and beverage manufacturing SMEs. Further, only 373 respondents that having better performance in new product development will be selected and analyzed using SPSS. This is to ensure the main objective of this study (to present a profile, activities and types of product innovation among food and beverage sector SMEs in Malaysia) can achieve. Most of the respondents that active in product innovation activities is medium-size organization and the organization has been established more than ten years. Although they realized the importance of producing new product continually, but they still show a slightly lower level investment in R&D. Food and beverage sector SMEs in Malaysia are more focused on incremental product innovation as opposed to radical product innovation. Although the food and beverage sector play an important role within Malaysia economy, product innovation in food and beverage sector SMEs has received little previous attention especially on study that concentrate on food and beverage sector SMEs in Malaysia. This paper contribute by present organization profile, product development activities and types of product innovation employee in food and beverage sector SMEs in Malaysia. The findings can be used in the development of public policy aimed at supporting and encouraging innovation among the food and beverage sector SMEs in Malaysia.
9:00 Intellectual Capital Disclosure: The Effect of Family and Non-Executive Directors on Board
Hasnah Kamardin, Robiah Abu Bakar and Rokiah Ishak (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
The study examines the effect of corporate governance characteristics on the intellectual capital (IC) disclosure in public listed companies in Malaysia. Samples of the companies are 55 companies from the top 100 companies in 2006 based on market capitalization. Data are collected for 2 years (2006 and 2011). The t-test analysis shows that IC disclosure is found more in big size companies, high leverage companies, government-link companies (GLC), and high-tech companies. Results from the regression analysis show that family members on board are negatively related to IC disclosure. This finding is consistent with previous studies that family firms prefer less voluntary disclosure. Further analysis with each component of IC shows that foreign ownership is positively related to structural capital and non-executive directors are positively related to human capital disclosure. This result somehow supports the important role of non-executive directors and foreign ownership to reduce the information asymmetry between managers and shareholders.
9:15 Determinants of Consumer Impulse Buying Behaviour in Context of Footwear Industry
Mohammad Falahat (Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia); Melissa Migin (Multimedia University (MMU), Malaysia); Shyue Chong and Sia Bik Kai (Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia)
In recent times, the women's footwear industry has increased its dominance in the fashion world that results in a large pool of competitors who are eyeing the same target market. With that in view, women's footwear companies need to constantly entice women to purchase shoes in an impulsive manner. This study investigates the complex interrelationships between hedonic consumption, product involvement and emotion on impulse buying tendency on footwear. Findings from the survey show that both hedonic consumption and emotion are found to influence impulse buying. Finally, the article discusses the implications of this research, its limitations and future research.
9:30 Own Price and Income Elasticities of Food in Malaysia
Bee Chen Ooi (University Tunku Abdul Rahman & Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia); Khalid Abdul Rahim, Alias Radam and Norashidah Mohamed Nor (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
Food consumption in Malaysia has shifted away from carbs diet to move toward high protein diet when increasing in income (Mitchell, Ingco and Duncan, 1997; Lee and Kennedy 2006). The main objective of this paper is to outline the framework to analyses the elasticities of demand of food in Peninsular Malaysia. This study is adopting cross-sectional household data from the Household Expenditure Survey (HES), conducted by the Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Generally, the expenditure elasticites for most of the all food groups are positive and less than one , except for cereal, fish, milk, vegetables and beverages indicating that food groups are normal and necessary goods, and there are no inferior foods. The uncompensated own-price elasticities for most the selected food groups are much lower than the total income elasticities. The largest absolute value of uncompensated own-price elasticity is the other food commodity group (-1.117). This implies that demand reacts elastically to changes in prices of other groups commodities while the lowest elasticities is sugar (-0.480) where demand reacts least to price changes.
9:45 Healthcare Portals and the Usage Trends in Malaysia
Siti Noraini Mohd Tobi (Univerisiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Sharipah Alwiah Syed Abd Rahaman (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
This paper addresses concerning healthcare portals by discussing several of its meaning while describing further on what it can offer as well as the benefits individuals can gain from the service. The main contribution of this paper, it highlights several examples of trusted healthcare portals around the world which are also at the same time provide hints on the portals' health information supplier. Apart of that, this paper also shed its light on Malaysia primary healthcare portal, known as MyHEALTH Portal followed with a discussion on recent studies found with regards to Malaysian online health information seeking. This is an attempt to understand the state of local health consumers towards health information searching in Malaysia with regards to online health information.
10:00 MyHEALTH Portal: Malaysia National Web-Based Health Information Service for the Public Well-being
Siti Noraini Mohd Tobi (Univerisiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Sharipah Alwiah Syed Abd Rahaman (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
The purpose of this article is to highlights on Malaysia's recognized Web-based health information service which is aimed for the public well-being through providing access to quality healthcare services. MyHEALTH Portal has been created particularly to educate local health consumers regarding health issues and to empower them in making wise decision making within the health context. The main contribution of this paper is, it sheds light on the significant development of MyHEALTH Portal in the country which is rarely been discussed within the field of study. Additionally, the paper is also expecting to contribute to the health portal's literature through the milestones of MyHEALTH Portal development and the healthcare scenario highlighted. Finally, the paper is also of its value by pointing out valuable recommendations from the internal key player with regard to the long term of the portal.
10:15 Need Analysis for Service Quality as a Proponent in Medical Tourism Industry
Kristianus Oktriono (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia); Wendy Tarigan (Binus University, Indonesia)
The aim of the study is to analyze service quality as a proponent in medical tourism industry in Jakarta. The study focused on service quality as a prominent issue in the era of competition. The study also provided the service process design characteristics (SPDCs) and priorities for service solutions. The data collection is conducted in Jakarta based on the inpatients and outpatients population. Quality Function Deployment (QFD) is utilized to transliterate the customer's needs into technical responses. House of Quality, as the tool, espoused service characteristics identification into requirements spesification. The method prioritized SPDCs research endeavors and elucidated the significance of service quality management for providing better service. The result signified that two comprehensive sets of customer's requirements and SPDCs were developed, which in turn supported by House of Quality Analysis.

#### SOSHUM_DAY03_03: SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 03

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chairs: Vitria Ariani (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia), Mardiana Idris (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
8:00 C Programming: Relevant Exercises for Engineering Students Using Bloom's Taxonomy
Teh Faradilla Abdul Rahman (UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA)
A program is a set of instructions that tell the computers how to accomplish a given task. C is one of the high-level programming languages that is mostly used for system programming to write embedded system software that interact with hardware4. Past assessments and random interviews showed that students from Foundation Engineering Program, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia face some difficulties in learning the concept of C programming. Therefore, this study was conducted to help the students in learning C programming. The objective of this paper is to frame out a set of C programming exercise using blooms taxonomy that suite with the students' level. A quantitative research was carried out where as many as 105 students were involved in answering questionnaires and creating their own set of questions on a specific chapter given. From the set of questions created by the students, it showed that most of the questions fall under the first four levels of bloom's taxonomy which is remember, understanding, application and analysis. Thus, a set of exercise was framed out by implementing Bloom's Taxonomy that accord with the student's level. The new set of exercise was then answered by 82 students and their performance was evaluated to see whether the exercises are relevant to their level or not. Findings revealed that 75% of the scores fall above the first quartile (score = 59.64) which means the set of exercises is relevant to the students' level because most of them were able to answer the exercises.
8:15 The Role of Family Businesses in Building Entrepreneurial Leadership Talent Among University Students
Yusri Arshad (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia); Sharifah Norhafiza Syed Ibrahim (Universiti Teknologi Mara Malaysia, Malaysia); Siti Fatimah Zakaria (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia)
Family business is an organization in which a decision making is influenced by family members through leadership or ownership. Thus, the aim for this research is to study the role of family business in developing entrepreneurial leadership among university students. A detail of survey has been conducted to identify the role of family business among university students. Results show that succession and continuity, continuous involvement and the family have significant value towards entrepreneurial leadership of university students. This research is useful for family business and academia to study further on the relationship between the roles of family business and entrepreneurial leadership of university students. Recommendation for future research is family can carefully planned and monitored developments process of learning students in their family.
8:30 CEFR Rating Scale: Scaling Its Functionality Through ESL Learners' Self- And Peer Assessments
Mardiana Idris and Abdul Halim Abdul Raof (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) was empirically derived from experienced teachers' intuitive judgements and although it may seem adequate, assessment theorists argue on the absence of performance data-driven approach in structuring its rating scale. Therefore, the objective of this study was to gauge rating scale functioning of five CEFR oral assessment criteria (overall impression, range, accuracy, fluency and coherence), based on ratings awarded by intermediate ESL learners during self- and peer assessments of their speaking skills. Before learners embarked on awarding ratings to their own performance as well as their peers', they were trained to understand and apply the criteria and the corresponding ratings based on the benchmarked videos provided on the CEFR official website. Findings on rater measurement report suggest that learners were within productive measurement range based on their infit and outfit mean-squares and reliability of their ratings was reported at 0.91. However, only four out of six rating categories were utilized in all five CEFR oral assessment criteria and this was illustrated through category probability curve for each criterion. The implications of the findings are discussed in view of learner performance and classroom instruction.
8:45 Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism: A Case Study Desa Tugu Puncak
Vitria Ariani (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Tourism is a social phenomenon that has a cultural impact on all the social dimensions of life in a tourist destination. Desa Tugu Puncak area is a very popular tourist destination for the Middle East countries, especially Saudi Arabia. Tourism in Desa Tugu increased rapidly and became a significant in the development of the region with routines and intensity of visitors that dominated by Arabs. Influence of rapid tourism development is the social and cultural changes that occur in traditional societies of Desa Tugu. Social changes in rural communities result from the cultural penetration. The penetration is adamant to the local community due the factors relating to the economic needs and the preservation of the local culture of their own. This research aim is mapping the negative of cultural and social impact in Desa Tugu. Phenomenological as a qualitative method performed on groups or individuals, refers to procedures and related research with descriptive data of human behavior. The significance of this study lies in the analysis of the social, cultural negative impact of sex tourism in Desa Tugu area that will be the ground research for the revitalization of culture and local wisdom
9:00 Neuro Research Method: A Syhnthesis Between Hermeneutic and Positivism
Frederikus Fios, Sasmoko Sasmoko and Antonius Gea (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
In the history of philosophy, we know that hermeneutics and positivism are two main currents paradigms which have always contradicted in an effort to find the truth of science. Hermeneutics priority to the principle of interpretation of a text studied. While quantitative positivism path to get to the truth. Hermeneutics applying qualitative elements, while positivism apply quantitative elements in studied. The question is whether these two methods can be synthesized? Neuroresearch assumed to reconcile between the hermeneutic perspective (qualitative) and positivism (quantitative). Neuroresearch done by taking three (3) main processes, namely: exploration research (qualitative), then explanatory research (quantitative) and finally confirmatory studies (quantitative). This method can be applied to search for scientific truth for the social sciences humanities. This paper is a philosophical reflection on neuroresearch methods being developed at several universities in Indonesia, especially at Bina Nusantara University of Jakarta, Indonesia.
9:15 Information Needs, Information Sources and Satisfaction of Migrant Workers in Malaysia: An Exploratory Study
Inspired by the dearth of study focusing on the information needs of migrant workers in Malaysia, this study was undertaken with the aim to address this gap. A research framework connecting the information needs, information sources being used and personal satisfaction was developed and tested using the data collected through a questionnaire. Based on the analysis of 188 responses, the results showed that the information needs are significantly correlated information sources being used, namely, family, workplace, Internet and service provider. Out of these four sources, the workplace and the internet source are found to have a profound effect on the satisfaction of their information needs. The findings should capture the interest of the authorities concerned to devise strategies for assisting migrant workers in fulfilling their information needs.
9:30 Individual Differences and Information Needs: An Exploratory Study of Migrant Workers in Malaysia
Mohammad Fazli Baharuddin and Mohamad Noorman Masrek (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohd Shamsul Mohd Shoid (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia)
Human nature and human needs are equal in every culture and throughout every period, and living in this information age, information is very crucial to the fulfillment of human basic needs. Migrant workers, just like any other individuals, also engage in information seeking so as to lead them towards satisfying their basic human needs. However, the extant literature on the information needs of migrant works in the context of Malaysia is still very limited and in an attempt to fill this gap, a study was undertaken involving 188 migrant workers. Using the survey research method with a questionnaire as the data collection technique, the results indicate that the information needs of migrant workers are similar irrespective of their individual differences. The information that was most sought after was mainly related to employment opportunity and immigration requirements. The findings further strengthened the human needs theory and also implies the importance of devising strategies for assisting migrant workers for the fulfillment of their information needs.
9:45 The Essential of Induction, Training & Development Program for the Boards in Indonesian State-Owned Enterprises
Synthia Sari (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Board is important in organization, particularly for enterprise that not expose to external control such as state-owned enterprises (SOEs). As the most efficient internal control mechanism, board need to be professional. Thus managing the board is crucial for the board effectiveness. Induction, training and development as the first step on boards' management process also play important part to achieve board effectiveness. However studies on induction, training & development for the board still limited, particularly for state-owned enterprises. Based on this gap of knowledge, the objective of this study is to explore on the extent of induction, training & development program impact the boards' performance in SOEs. To achieve that, this study use Indonesian SOEs as context of the study. Qualitative methodology with semi-structured interview is applied in order to explore the extent induction, training and development impact on boards' performance. Finding in this study shows that induction, training and development have very significant impact on the boards' performance. Induction process is the foundation to develop proper training and development program as the process is a front gate to recognize the weakness and capability of board member. This study makes a significant contribution to several fields; the human resource management, corporate governance, and Southeast studies by addressing the basic research gaps of induction, training & development program in Indonesian SOEs. The gap is addressed by providing a more coherent framework for effective induction, training & development system which reflects more clearly the real experiences of those actually involved at board level.
10:00 Public Librarians' Personal Integrity: Implications on Job Satisfaction
Mad Khir Abdulah Sani (Universiti Teknologi MARa, Malaysia); Mohamad Noorman Masrek, Noor Zaidi Sahid and Jamiah Baba (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohd Endin (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia); Yamin Kamis (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
This study was conducted to determine whether there is a relationship between components of personal integrity such as commitment, consistency, responsibility, self-discipline, self-motivation and trustworthiness and job satisfaction (JS) of professional librarians in public libraries. The respondents were 180 professional librarians in public libraries selected using the stratified sampling technique. The instrument used was the Job Descriptive Index (JDI) and other instruments of integrity. The data were analyzed using a structural equation modeling analysis using the Smart PLS (Partial Least Simple) software. The results show that integrity can influence work satisfaction. The t-value of 6.392 suggests that integrity is an important predictor of JS. Hence, in the absence of integrity, the public librarians will not be satisfied with their job. In terms of theoretical implications, the results of this study have provided a strong support to the theory of suitability of individual integrity in describing aspects of JS in the organization, especially in public libraries. More specifically, the results obtained provide a better understanding of predictor of public librarians' JS. Addressing the integrity factor that contributes to librarian satisfaction can have a significant impact on recruitment, retention and users' outcomes. Training and courses related to integrity must be strengthened in order to increase librarians' JS, leading to increased productivity.
10:15 Influential Dynamic Capabilities in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises' Internationalization
Hazem Ahmed Ragab Ali (UCSI University & UCSI University, Malaysia); Ganeshsree Selvachandran (UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Recent research has emphasized the importance of dynamic capabilities (DCs) in gaining and sustaining competitive advantages. However, research on DCs within firm internationalization; in particular within SMEs context along with conducting empirical studies is still striking. This study intended to investigate the impact of DCs namely, sensing, networking and re-configuring capabilities on SMEs internationalization process. The study employed a survey instrument for a sample consists of 300 SME owners/managers in Malaysia who are involved in international market. The findings showed that DCs have a significant positive relationship with SME' internationalization. Implications and suggested ideas for further research are discussed.

### Thursday, April 21, 11:00 - 13:00

#### I4CT_DAY03_01: I4CT DAY THREE- SESSION 01

Room: 005 - MELATI ROOM
Chairs: Yohanssen Pratama (Del Institute of Technology, Indonesia), Fauziah Zainuddin (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia)
11:00 Development of Automatic Attendances System Using RFID Technology
Albert Sagala (University of Leeds, United Kingdom (Great Britain)); Tobby Sembiring, Titus Nainggolan and Daniel Sitorus (Del Institute of Technology, Indonesia)
Student attendance at lectures is very important to be recorded. On institution, lecturer requires the student's presence e.g 80% to be able to follow the final exams. Currently, student attendance was recapitulated manually through the sheets paper signed by the students. These studies develop a pilot project in automated detection of student attendance by implementing RFID technology. The Business processes were based on campus attendance done manually. We propose the detection students presence by RFID, web-based online reporting to Lecturer, Academic Coordinators and students.
11:15 Hotel Centralized Room Appliances Control System with Quick Response Code
Wei-Khai Ng, Jia-Sern Lee, Chun-Kit Lai, Soon-Nyean Cheong and Chee Pun Ooi (Multimedia University, Malaysia)
Identifying and finding the correct switches and controls for appliances in a hotel room at times can be cumbersome for hotel guests. Although smartphone applications are able to control appliances in a home environment, it might not work well in a hotel environment because there is way to ensure only authorized guests can control the appliances within a hotel room. Therefore, a cost effective hotel centralized Room Appliances Control (RAC) system is implemented through Android smartphone and with Quick Response (QR) code to ensure personal access right for individual guest. Unique QR activation code is digitally transmitted to guests when they booked their room though online booking system. The QR activation code provides unique configuration for the smartphone application, allowing guests to control their room appliances conveniently and intuitively. RAC set top box (STB) was implemented using Raspberry Pi (RPI) to receive control messages from smartphone wirelessly and send the corresponding control message to the room appliances via infrared (IR) signals The evaluation was conducted and the result indicates that the proposed system is convenient and intuitive. The proposed system provides a reference implementation for future researchers and hoteliers in using smartphone to enhance their services to guests.
11:30 Enhance Digital Lifestyle of Elderly with NFC Assistive Button
Thivenesh Thamil Murasoo, Choon Yeak Heng and Soon-Nyean Cheong (Multimedia University, Malaysia); Wen Jiun Yap (Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, Malaysia); Chee Pun Ooi (Multimedia University, Malaysia)
Information and communication technologies (ICT) have revolutionized digital lifestyle of the younger generations but not so to the elderly. This is because most of the elderly find it difficult to operate existing ICT devices. NFC assistive button is proposed to provide a feasible experience for the elderly society without worrying about the complex interface design or operating it through a small display. Elderly can easily make a Skype call, view favourite photo slideshow, watch video, monitor surveillance IP camera etc. on a large TV display through tap-to-connect interaction on NFC assistive button. TV display is utilized to provide a better vision for the elderly and has a more satisfying experience. The function of the NFC assistive button can be effortlessly changed by slotting in a different NFC assistive card. A prototype of NFC assistive button was implemented and tested by a group of participants staying at old fork home. Initial responses from the participants indicate that it was easy to use, useful and they intend to use it in the future. The proposed NFC assistive button can be utilized as a reference implementation for future researchers or developers to design more assistive tools to improve elderly digital lifestyle.
11:45 Addition Impact Factor on ID3 Algorithm That Used to Classify Road Traffic Density
Yohanssen Pratama (Del Institute of Technology, Indonesia)
Congestion is increasingly elongated in major cities of Indonesia as a result of the increasing number of vehicle volume. This problem need to be solved as soon as possible and there are many ways that can be done to overcome the congestion. One of the solution is to develop ITS (Intelligent Transport System). Intelligent Transport System (ITS) is a system to control a traffic which is done through information technology where the data is collected directly from the field using sensor. After we collected the data, the data will be processed and returned to the road users as an useful information. In this study we will discuss about the methods that we used to process the traffic data into a form of road traffic density information. To process the traffic data, we used a machine learning method by using id3 algorithm that has been adjusted for the specific road condition.
12:00 The Detection of Signal on Digital Audio Synthesizer Based-on Propeller
Ferry Wahyu Wibowo (Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
It has been done a design of circuits and propeller starter kit based programming enabling to process voice data and outputted on the speaker as audio output and monitor as graphic display. Processing the input data is buffer of data processed using a filtering principle, the results observed through sound and graphic. The data processing is done by the propeller starter kit programmed using assembly language of spin interpreter by applying methods of synthesizing and filtering.
12:15 Assessing Attention and Meditation Levels in Learning Process Using Brain Computer Interface
Rahmah Mokhtar (FSKKP & Universiy Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia)
Attention and meditation influence the students while receiving knowledge in teaching and learning process. This research focuses on recognition of human brainwave electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, to detect the changes of attention and meditation level signal. A non-invasive brain-computer interfaces (BCI) is used to record the brain signals. These signals are acquired directly using an Android software (EEG Analyzer) and transmitted to a computer for further data processing and analysis. The objectives of this paper are to measure and identify brainwave patterns related to respondent's attention and meditation level while perceive learning. The experiment has been done to eight primary school student aged seven to twelve years old. The result shows that the EEG can be measured and the pattern of EEG can be identified attention and meditation changes in students learning acceptance.
12:30 Human Factor of Formal Engineering Methods in Validating Requirement Specification
Fauziah Zainuddin (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Ruzaini Abdullah Arshah (Universitiy Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Rozlina Mohamed (Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia); Rahmah Mokhtar (FSKKP & Universiy Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia)
The target of the study is to apply the success of engineering psychology to the area of Formal Engineering Methods, concentrating on validating the requirement specification at system analysis phase of a system development process. This paper presents a systematic approach to integrating specification animation into the process of writing requirements specification. The informal specification animation is used to enhance comprehensible interactions in obtaining feedbacks from the user for the purpose of specification validation, which also improve the current specification. A case study for a travel agent system is used to proof the practicality of the proposed approach. An empirical experiment on the approach is also presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach.
12:45 Improvement of Router Casing for Enhancement of WIFI Coverage in Public Area
This paper investigates the transmission characteristic of WIFI signals through a metal casing of Aruba AP 105. The metal casing deteriorates the WIFI signal from the router at certain angle. FSS slots are inserted on each sides of the metal casing in order to permit the WIFI signals at 5.0 GHz propagate through the modified version of router casing. The prototype of FSS is simulated by using Computer Simulator Technology Microwave Studio (CST MWS). Later, the performance of the modified router casing with FSS slots was measured inside the anechoic chamber. The modified router casing with FSS structure was proven able to improve the WIFI signals up to 20% at particular angle

#### I4CT_DAY03_02: I4CT DAY THREE- SESSION 02

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chairs: Mohamad Nazim Jambli (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia), Mohd Hafizuddin Mat (Centre for Diploma Studies, Malaysia)
11:00 Face Detection and Tracking System Using Hybrid Technique- A Design Implementation on DRiT
Muralindran Mariappan, PEng, Manimehala Nadarajan and Rosalyn R Porle (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia); Norfarariyanti Binti Parimon (Universiti Malaysia Sabah & Faculty of Engineering, Malaysia); Jong Chia Sing (Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia)
Face detection and tracking using image processing technique is a progressive research in the last few years. This technology revolutionizes many industries like robotics, surveillance and security due to the need of having a robust system operating in a real-time environment. Despite the advancement of this technology, it remains as a challenging field of study as it requires solving many aspects like pose, illumination, scale and background. To circumvent this problem, a real-time face identification and tracking system (DRiT) was developed for telepresence robot. The DRiT system does not only detects a person but ultimately recognize and tracks a face. The system consists of several modules designed with hybrid algorithms. A comprehensive algorithm design is discussed in this paper for face detection module integrating two frame differencing and skin color segmentation method. A new approach using circle detection method was introduced to increase the detection rate. The module was tested on DRiT system with a set of experiments and it demonstrates a good accuracy.
11:15 A Dynamic Energy Savvy Routing Algorithm for Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Networks
Mohamad Nazim Jambli (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); Halikul Lenando (University Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); Johari Abdullah (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak & Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Malaysia); Sinarwati Mohamad Suhaili (Centre for Pre University Studies & Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia); Adnan Shahid Khan (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia)
Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Networks (MASNETs) are energy constrained networks which have been the focus of many recent research and development efforts. In MASNETs, the network topologies are frequently change due to the moving sensor nodes that have low radio frequency coverage which make the design and implementation of a routing protocol in this networks very challenging. Thus, the Dynamic Energy Savvy (DES-AODV) routing algorithm is proposed to enhance the performance of Ad-hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV) by changing the routing metric from hop count to estimated distance that is based on the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) values. The performance of DES-AODV is evaluated and compared with the existing AODV in terms of the average percentage of packet loss and energy consumption with the density of mobile nodes. The simulation results show that the proposed DES-AODV outperforms the existing AODV in both percentage of packet loss and energy consumption.
11:30 Feasibility Study on RF Energy Harvesting in Malaysia
Ismahayati Adam and Mohd Najib Mohd Yasin (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Mohd Fareq Abdul Malek (University of Wollongong in Dubai, Malaysia); Hasliza A Rahim (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & Bioelectromagnetics Research Group, Malaysia); Mohammad Shahrazel Razalli (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Shakhirul Mat Salleh (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
Worlds are looking for a renewable energy to replace current energy sources. Solar and wind renewable energy has been deployed for some years as one renewable energy in a few countries in a large scale. For a small scale renewable energy, the development of electromagnetic energy harvesting has good potential as one of the sources of renewable energy since the electromagnetic energy is available all the time and everywhere, unlike other renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal and ocean wave). First step of feasibility of scavenging an RF energy is investigated through power density measurement in urban and semi-urban area. An average power of -13.33 dBm (UMTS band) in urban environment

#### I4CT_DAY03_03: I4CT DAY THREE- SESSION 03

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chairs: Mohammed Taih Gatte (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & School of Computer and Communication, Malaysia), Shakhirul Mat Salleh (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
11:00 Parametric Analysis on the Effect of Open Circuit Stub Resonator Towards the Performance of Ultra-Wideband Stepped Impedance Low Pass Filter
Nur Baya M Hashim (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Mohammad Shahrazel Razalli and Mohd Zaizu Ilyas (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Hasliza A Rahim (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & Bioelectromagnetics Research Group, Malaysia); Siti Zuraidah Ibrahim (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Mohd Jais (School of Computer and Communication Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP), Malaysia)
This paper presents parametric effect studies of open circuit stub resonator (OCSR) towards the performance of Chebyshev Ultra-wideband Stepped Impedance Low Pass Filter (SILPF). The SILPF is realized by loading OCSR to the high impedance line of the main design in order to overcome the drawback of conventional SILPF. The filter can produce sharp transition band and also wide stopband bandwidth. The design of SILPF is based on 5th order Chebyshev with 0.1dB ripple. The filter is designed to operate at cut-off frequency 7.43 GHz. By investigating the effect of varying dimension of OSCR's selected parameters, this paper is able to highlight the susceptibility of modifying cut-off frequency, fc and also transmission zeroes frequency, fz in order to be used for different applications. Thus, the combination of SILPF and OCSR and also rectangular patch combined feed-line structure exhibits wide rejection bandwidth better than -20dB from 8.20 GHz up to 20.38 GHz with transition band equal to 0.67 GHz. The filter design is simulated on Roger 4003 with relative dielectric constant, εr of 3.38 and also the substrate thickness, h of 0.508. This proposed simulated filter design has shown promising result and could be further analyzed for experimental works and fabrication. Therefore, the filter is beneficial for communication and radar systems particularly to avoid the interference and harmonic as well as the spurious response signals.
11:15 Improvement of a Millimeter-Wave Hexagonal Patch Antenna Using Doped Graphene
Mohammed Taih Gatte (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & School of Computer and Communication, Malaysia); Ping Jack Soh (Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP) & Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Malaysia); Hasliza A Rahim (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & Bioelectromagnetics Research Group, Malaysia); Badlishah R Ahmad (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Malaysia); Fareq Malek (University of Wollongong in Dubai, Malaysia)
The unique properties of graphene have widened its use for antenna applications in the recent years. However, most of previous studies are more focused on using graphene in the Tera Hertz (THz) band due to their favorable surface properties (conductivity or impedance) for antennas. This work investigates the improvement of a graphene-based millimeter wave (mm-wave) microstrip hexagonal patch antenna, its performance is known to be comparable to a conventional copper based version. As expected, the utilizing of non-doped graphene instead of conventional metal, did not has a significant improvement to the antenna performance except for its reflection coefficient in addition to a little reduction in the dielectric loss of antenna. Furthermore, it also leads to increasing in metal losses of antenna structure compared to copper. However, the biasing of the graphene layer is observed to reduce antenna metal losses considerably, besides improving other antenna performance parameters such as radiated power, radiated efficiency and gain.
11:30 Analysis Reconfigurable Frequency Textile Antenna in Bending Condition
Shakhirul Mat Salleh (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Muzammil Jusoh (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & School of Computer and Communiction Engineering, Malaysia); Abdul Hafiizh Ismail (UniMAP, Malaysia); Muhammad Ramlee Kamarudin (Cranfield University, United Kingdom (Great Britain)); Hasliza A Rahim (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & Bioelectromagnetics Research Group, Malaysia); Herwansyah bin Lago (Universiti Malaysia Perlis UniMAP, Malaysia)
In this paper, the analysis of reconfigurable frequency textile antenna in bending conditions is presented. The antenna consists of a truncated rectangular patch and slotted ground plane made by ShieldIt Super. Felt fabric is used as an antenna substrate. The proposed antenna is capable to reconfigure at seven different states frequencies by using three PIN diodes. The Circular Polarization (CP) is achieved at the GPS operating frequency. Meanwhile, the proposed antenna operates as a Linear Polarization (LP) at high operating frequencies. The performances of antenna in bending conditions is analyze since the textile antenna usually attached on the body will easily bend due to the human body structures. Details of the simulation results for antenna in bending condition are discussed.
11:45 Single Feed Circularly Polarized Antenna with Switchable Beam Ability
Muzammil Jusoh (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & School of Computer and Communiction Engineering, Malaysia); Thennarasan Sabapathy (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Hasliza A Rahim (Universiti Malaysia Perlis & Bioelectromagnetics Research Group, Malaysia); Shakhirul Mat Salleh (University Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Mohd Najib Mohd Yasin (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Abdul Rahman Kram (Optical Research Group, Malaysia)
A single feed circularly polarized antenna with the ability to steer the beam has been presented. The presented antenna has successfully achieved circular polarization by ensuring the axial ratio (AR) factor value of less than 3 for 2.4 GHz application. Moreover, by integrating four ideal p-i-n diode switches, the antennas radiation pattern can be directed to the desired direction while suppressing the antenna gain at the unwanted angle without influencing the antennas impedance bandwidth. This antenna is managed to steer the beam with certain p-i-n diode configuration at nine distinguished angle directions. Such microstrip antenna with a simple circular shape is designed on the Taconic substrate with the compact size of 100 mm square. A fully functional antenna design has been developed and tested using CST Microwave Studio. The proposed antenna could be useful for advanced and smart radio application such as 5G and cognitive radio (CR).

### Thursday, April 21, 14:00 - 17:00

#### I4CT_DAY03_04 : I4CT DAY THREE- SESSION 04

Room: 005 - MELATI ROOM
Chairs: R. N. Farah (Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia), Wan Azani Wan Mustafa (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia)
2:00 A New Degree Six Modified Chordal Ring Network Topology
R. N. Farah and S. E. (Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia); Mohamed Othman (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)
The performance of a parallel or distributed network depends on the design of its interconnection topology. One good network interconnection topology that has been the focus of various researchers is the chordal ring. In this paper, a new degree six modified chordal ring is presented, the optimised degree six 3-modified chordal ring (〖CHR6o〗_3), with the aim of comparing its performance parameters in terms of optimal diameter and optimal average path length to existing degree six chordal rings. Formulae to generate the data for each different chordal ring were derived from its corresponding tree visualisation or used from previous work. Network sizes tested were from 1200 to 12000 nodes. Large networks of 〖CHR6o〗_3 were shown to perform better than those of previous degree six chordal rings. This gives CHR6o_3 an added advantage for its implementation in large distributive networks, such as Fibre to the Home (FTTH) networks, since it offers redundancies at higher network layers.
2:15 Contrast and Luminosity Correction Based on Statistical Region Information
Wan Azani Wan Mustafa (Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia); Haniza Yazid (UniMAP, Malaysia)
Recently, numerous methods had been proposed in order to normalize the luminosity and contrast variation. In this study, a new method based on statistical data was proposed. Firstly, the mean and standard deviation were calculated and image divided into three regions; background, foreground and noise (luminosity & contrast). Finally, the Signal Noise Ratio (SNR) and Global Contrast Factor (GCF) were calculated and demonstrate an effective and efficient result in order to normalize the luminosity and contrast problem
2:30 Distributed Quad-tree Overlay for Resource Discovery in Shared Computing Infrastructure
Ahmad Suki Che Mohamed Arif (Universiti Utara Malaysia & InterNetWorks Research Lab, Malaysia); Mowafaq Salem Alzboon (Universiti Utara Malaysia, InterNetworks Research Lab, School of Computing, Malaysia); Massudi Mahmuddin (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia)
Internet-based distributed systems allow extensively distributed resources to be cooperatively employed and shared in a supportive way to achieve exceptional choice measure supercomputing capabilities. Resource discovery is an essential part of any distributed and resource sharing infrastructure, like Grid and Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks. Several resource discovery methods have been recommended to support and accomplish this goal. To discover a multi-attribute resource, maximum approaches employ numerous messages with each message for an attribute, ending to high overhead. The additional technique can decrease multi-attribute to one index, but it is not practically successful in an environment with a large number of different resource attributes. Also, few methods are capable of finding resources geographically near to the requesters, which is a serious matter for support dynamicity and system performance, load balancing and little response time. To address these challenges, we presented an in-network querying organization, namely Distributed Quadtree Overlay (DQTO) organization. DQTO satisfies effective in-network resources values storage in addition to distance aware querying. The cost of responding a query for a certain resources value at maximum is a steady factor of the distance "d" to the nearby resources in the network. DQTO building is local and does not require any communication. Moreover, due to its minimalist organization and stateless environment, DQT appeared gracefully elastic in the time of failure.
2:45 Utilization of Mobile Phone Sensors for Complex Human Activity Recognition
Mohammed Wahdeen (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia); Suriayati Chuprat (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Teddy Mantoro (Sampoerna University, Indonesia); Azizul Azizan (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia)
Activity recognition is a significant part of pervasive computing as it can be employed in a wide range of fields which include eldercare and healthcare. While previous efforts have proven to be successful in identifying simple human activities, the means for identifying complex human activities remains an on-going effort. It has been established that more often than not, in an actual circumstance, human activities are conducted in an intricate mode. The objectives of this study are (a) to examine the utilization of solely the sensors of a mobile phone to distinguish complex human activities and (b) to enhance the complex activities recognition capacity of mobile phones through the application of multiple or other forms of sensors. This endeavour reassesses earlier studies on mobile phone utilization for complex activity recognition with the emphasis on schemes directed at smart home applications. An overall configuration for a human activity recognition (HAR) scheme, as well as an analysis of the latest investigations related to the use of mobile phones for complex activity recognition is also included in this paper. We conclude with a discussion on the results obtained and the forwarding of our proposals.
3:00 Analysis on Energy and Coverage Problem in Wireless Sensor Network
Nurul Halim and Azmi Awang Md Isa (Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia); Ida Syafiza (UTeM, Malaysia)
Two major fundamental issues in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) are energy efficiency and coverage. Energy efficiency is the way of managing and restraining the growth in energy consumption. A method is defined as energy efficient if it gives more services for the same amount of energy input. Coverage efficiency is the measurement of how well and for how long the sensors are able to monitor a targeted area. Therefore, maximizing the coverage as well as reducing the energy consumption is needed to be achieved. Our paper presents the potential of Derivative Harmon Search Algorithm (DHSA) in a k-covered and connected WSN to achieve a deployment of node that can cover the optimal area and at the same time gives low energy consumption.

#### SOSHUM_DAY03_04: SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 04

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 1
Chairs: Rui Wei Ng (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia), Azri Usman (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
2:00 The Nexus of Capital Flows, Real Interest Rate and Stock Price Performance: Evidence From Malaysia
You Hui Li (University College Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia)
The stock market is widely known as an essential market in fostering capital formation to sustain economic growth. Higher levels of internationalisation of the stock market will lead to a positive economic growth in the country. The growth of stock market is of vital importance to Malaysia, an emerging economy, in the process of transforming its economic structure into a high-income-and-high-growth economy and thus realising its Vision 2020 of becoming a developed nation. Using VAR model of Johansen-Juselius multivariate cointegration procedures and multivariate Granger-Causality test, this paper examines both short-run dynamic and long-run relationship between the capital flows, both short term and long term, and stock performance in the presence of changes in real interest rate in Malaysia. Our empirical result denotes that there is a negative relationship between stock price and real interest rate in the long run. Besides, it is also found that the stock price is positively related to the net portfolio investment and private long-term investment. There is strong evidence of a bi-directional short-run causality between stock price and real interest rate as well as real interest rate and portfolio investment flows in Malaysia. This suggests that the stability in the stock market is closely linked to the interest rate stability. The fluctuation in real interest rate creates uncertainty for investors and hence affecting the capital flows into Malaysia and investors' decision making in Malaysian stock market. It is therefore recommended that a forward-looking monetary policy is the necessity for economic stability as well as strengthening the functionality of stock market, which is fundamental for a country to reach high growth and high income by Year 2020.
2:15 Organizational Challenges and Opportunities in the Case of Foxconn Trading Group
Rui Wei Ng and Azri Usman (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
This paper examines the organizational behavior challenges faced in managing employee well being at work and creating a positive work environment in Foxconn Trading Group. The effect and responses to those challenges are also discussed from an organizational point of view. This paper also present the overview of the approaches made in overcoming the challenges.
2:30 Perception of Sustainable Efforts Towards Event Greening
Nor Lela Ahmad (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia); Wan Edura Wan Rashid (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Noor Azlina Mohamed Yunus (Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia); Nik Hasnaa Nik Mahmood (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Shuhana Shamsuddin (Universiti Technology, Malaysia City Campus, Malaysia)
The issue of sustainability is a growing concern in the global society. Despite many green campaigns and seminars carried out, the green concept is still very new, especially in the Asian countries. There is only a little knowledge about the consumers' perception towards the green concept and going green in Malaysia. Efforts have been taken by the government and NGOs to increase awareness on environmental issues. However, there is no precise indication whether Malaysian consumers know about the green concept and their perception towards going green, especially in the event management field of study. Therefore, there is lack of focus on this issue in Malaysia which warrants a study to understand the depth of event attendees' perception on sustainable efforts towards event greening. The aim of this study is to explore event attendees' perception of sustainable efforts towards event greening. In this research, the focus is on event management and the efforts from event organizers to implement sustainable practices. The researcher investigates from the perspective of event attendees. The research findings are critical for the researcher to evaluate the situation and recommend appropriate green event management guidelines for event organizers to remain competitive by implementing sustainable practices for long-term survival in the event industry. The research methodology is a quantitative method using survey. The survey data will be collected from event attendees of environmental themed carnivals. The data analysis is carried out using the application of structural equation modelling (SEM) design.
2:45 Assessing the Green Tourism Indicators: A Partial Least Squares Approach
Mohammad Rahmdzey Roly (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia & Malaysia, Malaysia); Chamhuri Siwar (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia); Shaharuddin Mohamad Ismail and Norlida Hanim Mohd Salleh (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia)
One of the main challenges in the development of the tourism industry is to preserve the environmental sustainability of the country; so it can continuously become a tourist attraction and choices. In the management of the environment, the authority frequently evaluates the actual and potential impact of environment towards the ecosystem. Hence, the development of green tourism is important in order to attain sustainable environment for the benefit of the tourism industry. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of economic and social culture indicators on green tourism from experts' viewpoint. The survey was distributed to various experts that involved in the tourism sector, such as academicians, government officers, resort operators, community leaders, non-governmental organizations and local communities. This study will utilize Partial Least Squares-Structured Equation Model (PLS-SEM) to analyze the data. The findings show that the economic and social-cultural indicators have a positive relationship with green tourism.
3:00 Ethnic Tolerance in Urban Malaysia
Mohd Azmir Mohd Nizah (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia); Ku Hasnita Ku Samsu (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia); Muhammad Shamshinor Abdul Azzis (Universiti Selangor, Malaysia); Afi Roshezry Abu Bakar (Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia)
This article is aimed at examined the level of ethnic tolerance in Malaysia, with specific reference to the Johor Bahru and Shah Alam parliamentary. This article also aimed at identified the significance difference of ethnic tolerance in research areas. Using quantitative approach with self-administered set of questionnaire, 434 respondents were involved in this study. The result showed that the people of Johor Bahru are more tolerant than Shah Alam. Both Johor Bahru and Shah Alam can be categorized as having a medium level of ethnic tolerance as attitude and perceptions are more important than the issue of party politics and ethnicity. It also concluded that urban voters of mixed majority constituencies are not bounds with ethnicity and racial issue as they used to previously. It is hoped that this particular study contributed to the current body of knowledge. It is significant where ethnic politics perceived as most important matter, and tolerance or Wasatiyyah has become increasingly Malaysia national agenda in managing multi-diversity society. Implications of findings and recommendations are further discussed.
3:15 Contribution of Equine Education to the Equine Industry Development in Malaysia
Nurfadilah Darmansah (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Mohd Saidin Misnan (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & Faculty of Built Environment, Malaysia); Abdul Rahman Mohd Sam (Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Abdul Hafidz Hj Omar (Supervisor, Malaysia)
The objectives of this study were to identify the contribution of equine education to the equine industry development in Malaysia. This study has analyzed the activity in equine industry and equine education in Malaysia. Through analysis, it is found that equine education is important to improve the equine industry in this country. The concerns of the equine industry will assist to fulfill the equine industry requirements such as providing skilled worker and ensuring that each employee owns the relevant equine certificates. The equine industry must work together with education in a symbiotic partnership, not only to strengthen the human resources of the industry, but also to ensure that the equine industry is acceptable. Therefore, the government should support and continue to focus on the development of equine education and program in this country, in order to generate more economic resources for the equine industry.
3:30 Positive Impact of Equine Programs and Education on Youth Development
Nurfadilah Darmansah (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Mohd Saidin Misnan (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia & Faculty of Built Environment, Malaysia); Abdul Rahman Mohd Sam (Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia); Abdul Hafidz Hj Omar (Supervisor, Malaysia)
This study was to describe the impact of equine program and education on youth participants in their development. Analyzed 16 reading materials such as journal, thesis, books and website related to equine program and education. Through analysis, it is found that equine program yields two positive effects on the development of positive youth, which are respectively the development of the characteristic of youths and also the positive development of life skills for youth. Among the development of positive characteristics in youth are such as self-esteem, confidence, responsibility, caring, passion, goal commitment, happiness, trust, and positive self-perception. Meanwhile, the developments of life skills for youth are such as critical thinking, communication, interpersonal skill, competence, ability, public speaking, decision-making, leadership, close friendship and self-discipline. The results of this study indicate that there are positive impacts of horse programs and education on youth development. Therefore, the government should support and continue to focus on the development of equine education and program in this country in order to generate more positive characteristic and positive life skill within teenagers.
3:45 Public Breastfeeding:What's Appropriate and Inappropriate in Penang, Malaysia ?
Maria Aloysius and Shariffah Suraya bt Syed Jamaludin (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia); Molly Aloysius (Segi University Penang, Malaysia)
Public breastfeeding has always been viewed as a social taboo throughout society. Public breastfeeding can disturb cultural ideas that we possess on sexuality, human nature and relationship between men and women. A woman may experience a sense of rejection or acceptance from the public when she is publicly breastfeeding. This preliminary research paper weighs in on attitudes and reactions of the mothers themselves on public breastfeeding. The researchers try to understand the level of comfort and acceptance of public breastfeeding. A sum of 20 Malaysian mothers aged between 20 to 40 years were interviewed regarding their perceptions on public breastfeeding in Penang, Malaysia. This paper measures the strength of the unconscious/automatic associations of "appropriate" and "inappropriate" and "sexualized breasts" and "nurturing breasts" through an Implicit Association Test (IAT) that was administered to a sample of 20 Malaysian women and men between the ages of 20-40. This qualitative research is to focus on the attitudes, reactions and experiences of mothers from the feminist perspective.The informal interviews conducted are based on designed questionnaires. Some mothers have expressed positive and negative thoughts on the issues of public breastfeeding. This paper gives a clear contradictory balance to either view public breastfeeding as a taboo or a woman's given right in Malaysia.
4:00 A Holistic Approach to Measure Organizational Readiness for Knowledge Management
Mohamed Jalaldeen Mohamed Razi (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia); Nor Shahriza Abdul Karim (Prince Sultan University, Saudi Arabia); Abdul Rahman Ahmad Dahlan (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia); Noor Azian Mohamad Ali (International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Malaysia)
Management of organizational Knowledge is considered crucial in the present knowledge era. As a result, organizational readiness for knowledge management (KM) has been studied comprehensively from diverse viewpoints lately. KM enablers such as organizational culture, organizational structure and information technology infrastructures, and organizational members' perception towards KM are assumed to be the predictors of KM readiness. Nevertheless, those dimensions could be part of KM readiness rather than just merely being its predictors considering the inevitable nature of those variables for KM implementation. Accordingly, the current study hypothesis that these factors with behavioral intention of organizational members form a holistic dimension of organizational readiness for KM. To verify this claim a questionnaire based survey was conducted among 313 executives in the Sri Lankan telecommunication industry. To validate the research instruments used a first order measurement model was formulated using AMOS version 16. Subsequently, a second order analysis was performed to test the hypothesis. Findings shows that all model fit indices are good and all the structural coefficients are significant, thus, the model fit to the data. Hence, the present work recommends that the KM enablers, organizational members' perception and their behavioral intentions should be considered as the dimensions of organizational readiness for KM.
4:15 The Development of Islamic Spiritual Leadership Concept
Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab and Rui Wei Ng (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
4:30 An Overview of the Protection of Children Rights Under Islamic Law
Azizah Mohd and Badruddin Hj Ibrahim (International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia); Alhaji Umar Alkali (University of Maiduguri, Niger)
Islamic law outlines a comprehensive of children rights that deserve protection. These are related in many sources of Islamic law (the Shari'ah) which include the Quran, the Sunnah, Secondary Sources e.g. 'urf and juristic discourse. Such rights include the right to lineage (nasab), the right to care and custody, the right to maintenance, the right to good name, right to love and affection and so forth. Children rights are also protected based on the General aim of the Shari'ah i.e. Securing benefit to all mankind and protection them from any harm. This paper seeks to study on the protection of children rights under Islamic law. It aims at providing a critical overview of overall principles on the protection of children rights in Islam based on the Qur'an and Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh).
4:45 Testing the Mediating Effect of Training Motivation in the Military Training Program
Noor Azmi Mohd Zainol (National Defence University of Malaysia & Ministry of Defence, Malaysia); Ahmad Azan Ridzuan (Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Malaysia); Azman Ismail (National University of Malaysia)
This quantitative research aims are to investigate and quantify the effect of training motivation in the military training. According to the training literature, there are ample evidences about the role of training motivation as a mediator in relationship of training program and training transfer, but this phenomenon was given less attention during the development of training program. Therefore, this study was conducted to measure the role of training motivation as a mediator between training programs and training transfer. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed to assess the validity and reliability of the instrument using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) generated by Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) statistical package, thus test the research hypotheses. The measurement were using 382 usable questionnaires gathered from other enlisted ranks of Malaysian Army infantry corps. The outcomes of hypotheses testing showed these interesting findings: firstly, relationship between training motivation and training syllabus significantly correlated with training transfer. Secondly, relationship between training motivation and instructor's role significantly correlated with training transfer. Statistically, this result confirms that training motivation does act as an important mediating variable in the relationship between training program and training transfer in the organizational sample.

#### SOSHUM_DAY03_05 : SOSHUM DAY THREE- SESSION 05

Room: 002 - BOUGAINVILLA ROOM 2
Chairs: Mohamad Hisyam Ismail (Universiti Teknologi MARA & UiTM, Malaysia), Lasmy Lasmy (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
2:00 Intellectual Science and Mathematics Program: Improving Students' Interest in Learning Science and Mathematics
Nurul Akmal Md Nasir (Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia); Muhamad Furkan Mat Salleh (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohamad Hisyam Ismail (Universiti Teknologi MARA & UiTM, Malaysia)
The discontinuities between students' experiences in the Science and Mathematics lessons at school with the realities, and the educators' oblivion at looking into the crucial influences of experiences outside the school have on students' beliefs, attitudes and motivations to learn have caused in the decline of students' performances and interests to learn these two subjects in schools. Considering this emerging concern, the Science and Technology Department, Faculty of Education, UiTM has introduced Intellectual Science and Mathematics Program (I-SMP) designed for primary school students to acquire Science and Mathematics, knowledge and skills differently from how learning takes place in the normal classroom. This study was carried out to determine the perception and engagement of primary school students in learning Science and Mathematics through the I-SMP. The study employed mixed approach combining the quantitative and qualitative methods. A total of 160 Standard Six students were purposely selected as respondents. A set of questionnaire was designed to gather the students' perception and motivation after they experienced the I-SMP. The quantitative data were supported by the data recorded from the observation and the informal interview during the program. The study indicates that, I-SMP is able to promote positive perceptions and improve students' attitude towards learning. The consolidation of the data gathered had proven I-SMP's capability in enhancing students' engagement in learning the two subjects. The interactive inquiry approach infused with hands-on and interesting outdoor activities succeeded in triggering students' readiness to learn made visible through their high level of engagement in learning. It is recommended that teachers who are teaching Science and Mathematics adapt this innovative and creative method towards a more effective delivery.
2:15 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS): Teacher Training and Skills in Assessing Science Learning
Mohamad Hisyam Ismail (Universiti Teknologi MARA & UiTM, Malaysia); Muhamad Furkan Mat Salleh (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia)
Malaysia's declining performance in TIMSS and PISA somewhat contributed to the transformation of Malaysian Education System which emphasizes on the importance of higher-order thinking skills (HOTS). Changes in how students are assessed imply that teachers must teach differently; the focus has shifted to developing students' analytical abilities instead on mere recall and understanding. This study was conducted to investigate science teachers' training and skills in assessing students' HOTS. Thirty Science teachers were involved where data were qualitatively gathered using interview, observations and document analysis. The findings revealed that all teacher participants were aware of the shortcomings in their continuous professional development practices. The trainings they attended were rather general instead of specific to science teaching and learning activities, merely focused on developing HOTS items instead of on the variations and procedure of assessment, and did not adequately help them to inculcate critical and innovative thinking as well as creativity in student learning. Suggestions on how to improve teachers' skills in assessing Science learning with specific emphasis on HOTS were also put forward as a mechanism to enhance teacher professionalism.
2:30 Customer Attitudes Towards e-Money: a Qualitative Study of Consumers in Jakarta
Lasmy Lasmy (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia); Ruben Berasategui (BINUS BUSINESS SCHOOL, Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia); Andry Chowanda and Robertus Herman (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Despite the payment methods in Indonesia have been revolutionized, the customers still prefer conventional methods to pay their daily transactions. That conventional payment method can be inefficient and ineffective for customers. Hence, the objective of this research is to analyze what would be the potential factors influencing customers in Jakarta especially who already have e-Money as prepaid product when making decisions whether using e-Money for their micro transactions payment. In this research, we implement qualitative methods using Focus Group Discussion and semi-structured interview. The respondents were from all over Jakarta. Through Focus Group Discussion and interview, we studied and obtained a better understanding about consumer attitude towards e-Money as prepaid product in their daily life. Finally, we provide suggestions for decision makers in both, banks, business people and local government to increase the number of both, users and micro payments using e-Money based on the analysis results.
2:45 The Adoption of Social Media for Student Entrepreneurs Using Modified UTAUT Model: A Review
Noorshella Binti Che Nawi and Noorul Azwin Binti Md Nasir (Senior Lecturer, Malaysia); Nor Lisa Maria Ahmad Shokery (GRA, Malaysia); Nursalihah Ahmad Raston (Lecturer, Malaysia)
The growth of social media has no sign to stop and many businesses use social media to connect to their potential consumers. Besides selling products and services, social media can be used to develop brand awareness. Therefore, a research to enhance current knowledge about what affects student entrepreneurs to adopt social media as a business platform is required. Accordingly, this study has modified the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) to investigate the factors that affect student entrepreneurs to use social media. Earlier studies on social media are mostly focused on how students use social media for academic purposes. However, limited research has been done on how student entrepreneurs use social media as a business platform. This paper has identified the key factors that contribute to the acceptance of social media as a business platform are performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence and facilitating condition with three added constructs which are perceived enjoyment, perceived risk and perceived trust.
3:00 The Fundamental Rights of Domestic Workers in Malaysia: A Special Reference to the Employment Act 1955 and the International Labour Organization Convention No. 189
Mohd Nazir Mohd Adi (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia); Haris Md Noor (UTHM, Malaysia); Nor Kamariah Kamaruddin (Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia)
In Malaysia, domestic work can be considered as a vulnerable work with precarious rights. The Employment Act 1955 (EA 1955) clearly recognises domestic worker as one type of an employee covered under the above Act. Unfortunately, the law excludes them from several common rights as compared to other occupations. Due to these legal exclusions, domestic workers (DWs) are deprived of enjoying basic necessities of terms in the contract of employment such as paid leave, rest day, working hours, break hours, maternity protection and etc. In 2011, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) passed a special convention which introduces mechanisms to promote a better protection on decent DWs. This paper purports to review and compare the rights of DWs in Malaysia with reference to The EA 1955 and also the ILO Convention no. 189. The legal comparative study has been conducted and found that the ILO convention no. 189 offers better protection and welfare for DWs as compared to the EA 1955. Ultimately, in order to promote a decent work for DWs, it is the right moment for the Malaysian government to make a leap forward by adopting some pertinent provisions of it to be embedded in the EA 1955.
3:15 The Malaysian Science Teachers' Readiness and the Effectiveness of Professional Development Course for the Implementation of Pentaksiran Tingkatan 3
Muhamad Furkan Mat Salleh (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohamad Hisyam Ismail (Universiti Teknologi MARA & UiTM, Malaysia)
The current assessment reform and the teachers' ability to implement the new assessment effectively have drawn the attention of many stakeholders in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the Malaysian science teachers' readiness to implement the Pentaksiran Tingkatan 3 (PT3), the courses that they have attended and the effectiveness of the course that helped them to carry out the assessment. The study employed the qualitative research design and purposively selected a total of 20 science teachers from various schools in Malaysia to be the sample of the study. The data of the study were gathered mainly through the semi-structured interviews and supported by document analysis. The findings revealed: (i) majority of the science teachers were not ready to implement PT3 when it was first introduced (ii) despite having limited time, they were able to attend a few courses and training prior carrying out the PT3 (iii) to certain extent, the training they received helped the teachers to implement the PT3. Nonetheless, more extensive and comprehensive trainings are required to help them to carry out the assessment effectively. The study suggested that, a better training module should be used to help science teachers in Malaysia to implement the PT3. The monitoring for standardization of in-house training should be carried out to ensure the information is well-disseminated among science teachers. Consistently, Ministry of Education should focus on improving teachers' professional development as it gives a significant impact on perpetuating the national's aspiration in education.
3:30 The Investment of Waqf Properties Through Infrastructure Development According to Al-Hadith and Risk Management Perspective
Mohd Ashrof Zaki Yaakob (University of Malaya & Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Ishak Suliaman (University of Malaya, Malaysia); Mohammad Mahyuddin Khalid (Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia); Mohd Dasuqkhi Mohd Sirajuddin, Azri Bhari, Mohd Solahuddin Shahruddin and Mohd Yusra Abdullah (Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia)
Waqf are among one of the Islamic institution which is believed to be the catalyst of Muslim's economic development. The existence of this economic institution started since the days of Prophet (pbuh) and it became the foundation for the Islamic social security system, other than zakat, charity and etc. The growth of waqf properties is a must to ensure the perpetual benefits from waqf assets. The benefits from investment of waqf assets through infrastructure development will be achieved through two main aspects, namely; utilization of waqf infrastructure by the public and generation of profit from the waqf infrastructure. Study on development of waqf infrastructure should be made thoroughly and implemented based on authoritative evidence from Al-Quran and Al-Hadith. As part of good governance and best practices in managing waqf investment, management of risk is fundamental to the proper functioning of any institution including waqf to ensure the accountability and transparency of the management. This paper aims at exploring the major themes that constitute the basis of the discussion on the growth of waqf properties through infrastructure development. In doing this, the theoretical underpinnings and prior study relating to waqf investment and its risk management practice are examined. Guidelines from the perspective of al-Hadith are able to help developing waqf infrastructure so that its implementation can be done holistically and providing maximum impact to the growth of Muslim economy.